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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Zechariah 11:8


    CHAPTERS: Zechariah 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14     

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    King James Bible - Zechariah 11:8

    Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

    World English Bible

    I cut off the
    three shepherds in one month; for my soul was weary of them, and their soul also loathed me.

    Douay-Rheims - Zechariah 11:8

    And I cut off
    three shepherds in one month, and my soul was straitened in their regard: for their soul also varied in my regard.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

    Original Hebrew

    ואכחד
    3582 את 853 שׁלשׁת 7969 הרעים 7462 בירח 3391 אחד 259 ותקצר 7114 נפשׁי 5315 בהם  וגם 1571  נפשׁם 5315 בחלה׃ 973

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    Ho 5:7 Mt 23:34-36; 24:50,51

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 11:8

    E hice matar tres pastores en un mes, y mi alma se angustió por ellos, y también el alma de ellos me aborreció a mí.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zechariah 11:8

    Verse 8.
    Three shepherds also I cut off in one month] Taking this literally, some think the three shepherds mean the three Maccabees, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon; others, the three wicked high priests, Jason, Alcimus, and Menelaus; others, the three last princes of the Asmonean race, Alexander, Hyrcanus, and Antigonus.

    Perhaps three orders may be intended: 1. The priesthood. 2. The dictatorship, including the Scribes, Pharisees, &c. 3. The magistracy, the great sanhedrin, and the smaller councils. These were all annihilated by the Roman conquest.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 8. Three shepherds also I cut off in one month , etc.] Not Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, as is suggested in the Talmud f246 ; nor David, Adonijah, and Joab, who died in the space of a month; nor the three kings, Jehoash, Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah, who died by the hand of their enemies in a very little time; which is the sense of some, as Abendana observes; nor the three last prophets, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, according to Aben Ezra; nor the three Maccabees, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon, as Abarbinel; rather the three sects among the Jews, the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes, instead of which last some put the Herodians; and others the Scribes; though some are of opinion that the three sanhedrim or courts of judicature among the Jews are designed; but it seems best of all to interpret them of the three orders of magistrates among them, princes, prophets, and priests; and the “cutting” them “off” may denote the cessation of civil government, the sealing up of vision and prophecy, and the putting an end to sacrifice; which is much better than to interpret them of the three Roman emperors who succeeded Nero; that is, Galba, Otho, and Vitellius, who were put to death by their own subjects, within the space of a year and some days f247 ; and which is a term of time that can not well be thought to be expressed by a month; which either signifies in general a small space of time; or, if a certain month is meant, either it designs the month Nisan, in which Christ suffered, when of right sacrifice should have ceased, as well as then prophecy was sealed up, and there was no more of it among the Jews, nor any civil government in their hands: or else the month Ab, in which the city of Jerusalem was burnt; and so an end was put in fact to all the above offices there. It may be that a month of years is intended, as in ( Revelation 11:2 13:5) and so Abarbinel here interprets it; though he applies it to the times of the Maccabees; but it may respect the thirty years, or thereabout, which were between the death of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem, within which compass of time the above events were actually and manifestly fulfilled: and my soul loathed them ; because they did not perform the duties of their office; the civil magistrate did not govern according to the laws of God; the prophets did not teach sound doctrine; and the priests did not do their service aright, nor teach the people the use and end of sacrifices, and in them direct to the Messiah, as they should have done: wherefore Christ expressed his dislike of them by words in his ministry, particularly in Matthew chapter twenty three, ( Matthew 23:1-39) and by deeds, causing vengeance to come upon them to the entire removal of them: or, “my soul was shortened”, or “contracted in them”, or “towards them” f248 ; his affections were lessened towards them; he loathed their ways and works, which were not good; and he rejected and cast them off as his people, and wrote a “loammi” on them; took away his Gospel from them, and abolished their civil and church state: and their soul also abhorred me ; which is the reason of the former; and so the Targum paraphrases it, “and my Word cast them away, because their soul abhorred my worship;” all ranks and orders of men among the Jews had Christ in abhorrence; they abhorred his person, his name, his miracles, his doctrines, his ordinances, and his people; this they did because of his mean appearance; and because of his inveighing against their traditions, superstitions, and immoralities; and this appeared by their contemptuous rejection of him as the Messiah; by their crucifixion of him; and by persecuting his disciples and followers.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 4-14 -
    Christ came into this world for judgment to the Jewish church an nation, which were wretchedly corrupt and degenerate. Those have their minds wofully blinded, who do ill, and justify themselves in it; but God will not hold those guiltless who hold themselves so. How can we go to God to beg a blessing on unlawful methods of getting wealth, or to return thanks for success in them? There was a general decay of religion among them, and they regarded it not. The Good Shepherd woul feed his flock, but his attention would chiefly be directed to the poor. As an emblem, the prophet seems to have taken two staves; Beauty denoted the privileges of the Jewish nation, in their nationa covenant; the other he called Bands, denoting the harmony whic hitherto united them as the flock of God. But they chose to cleave to false teachers. The carnal mind and the friendship of the world ar enmity to God; and God hates all the workers of iniquity: it is easy to foresee what this will end in. The prophet demanded wages, or a reward and received thirty pieces of silver. By Divine direction he cast it to the potter, as in disdain for the smallness of the sum. This shadowe forth the bargain of Judas to betray Christ, and the final method of applying it. Nothing ruins a people so certainly, as weakening the brotherhood among them. This follows the dissolving of the covenan between God and them: when sin abounds, love waxes cold, and civi contests follow. No wonder if those fall out among themselves, who have provoked God to fall out with them. Wilful contempt of Christ is the great cause of men's ruin. And if professors rightly valued Christ they would not contend about little matters.


    Original Hebrew

    ואכחד 3582 את 853 שׁלשׁת 7969 הרעים 7462 בירח 3391 אחד 259 ותקצר 7114 נפשׁי 5315 בהם  וגם 1571  נפשׁם 5315 בחלה׃ 973


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    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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