SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:31 Y aun fue más sabio que todos los hombres; más que Etán ezraíta, y que Hemán y Calcol y Darda, hijos de Mahol; y fue nombrado entre todas las naciones de alrededor.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Kings 4:31 Verse 31. He was wiser than all men] He was wiser than any of those who were most celebrated in his time, among whom were the four after mentioned, viz., Ethan, Heman, Chalcol, and Darda. Ethan was probably the same as is mentioned in some of the Psalms, particularly Psa. lxxxix. 1, title; and among the singers in 1 Chron. vi. 42. There is a Heman mentioned in the title to Psalm lxxxviii. 1. In 1 Chron. ii. 6 we have all the four names, but they are probably not the same persons, for they are there said to be the sons of Zerah, and he flourished long before Solomon's time.
Some suppose that lwjm ynb beney machol should be rendered masters of dancing or music, as lwjm machol signifies not only a dance or choir, but also an instrument of music of the pipe kind. Perhaps a reference is here made to Solomon's skill in music and poetry, as he is compared to persons who appear to have been eminent poets and musicians.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 31. For he was wiser than all men , etc.] Not only that lived in his time, but in ages past since the fall of Adam, and in times to come, especially in natural wisdom and knowledge, in all the branches of it; for though some men excel in some part of knowledge, yet not in all, as Solomon did: than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol ; men of the same names are said to be sons of Zerah, grandson of Judah, ( 1 Chronicles 2:6); wherefore these are either other men, or their father had two names; or Mahol here may be an appellative, and describe the character of these then, and point at what they were famous for, as that they were sons of music, piping, and dancing, as Mahol may signify; the Jews have a tradition f65 , that Ethan is Abraham, and Heman Moses, and Chalcol Joseph: and his fame was in all nations round about ; not for his riches and grandeur only, but chiefly for his wisdom.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 29-34 - Solomon's wisdom was more his glory than his wealth. He had what is here called largeness of heart, for the heart is often put for the powers of the mind. He had the gift of utterance, as well as wisdom. It is very desirable, that those who have large gifts of any kind, shoul have large hearts to use them for the good of others. What treasures of wisdom and knowledge are lost! But every sort of knowledge that is needful for salvation is to be found in the holy Scriptures. There cam persons from all parts, who were more eager after knowledge than their neighbours, to hear the wisdom of Solomon. Solomon was herein a type of Christ, in whom are hid all treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and his for us, for he is made of God to us, wisdom. Christ's fame shall sprea through all the earth, and men of all nations shall come to him, lear of him, and take upon them his easy yoke, and find rest for their souls __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויחכם 2449 מכל 3605 האדם 120 מאיתן 387 האזרחי 250 והימן 1968 וכלכל 3633 ודרדע 1862 בני 1121 מחול 4235 ויהי 1961 שׁמו 8034 בכל 3605 הגוים 1471 סביב׃ 5439