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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Peter 1:21

    CHAPTERS: 2 Peter 1, 2, 3     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21




    King James Bible - 2 Peter 1:21

    For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

    World English Bible

    For no prophecy ever came by the will of man: but holy
    men of God spoke, being moved by the Holy Spirit.

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Peter 1:21

    For prophecy came not by the will of man at any
    time: but the holy men of God spoke, inspired by the Holy Ghost.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    For prophecy came not in old
    time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3756 γαρ 1063 θεληματι 2307 ανθρωπου 444 ηνεχθη 5342 5681 ποτε 4218 προφητεια 4394 αλλ 235 υπο 5259 πνευματος 4151 αγιου 40 φερομενοι 5342 5746 ελαλησαν 2980 5656 {1: οι 3588 } αγιοι 40 θεου 2316 ανθρωποι 444

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (21) -
    Lu 1:70 2Ti 3:16 1Pe 1:11

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:21

    porque la profecía no fue en los tiempos pasados traída por voluntad humana, sino que los santos hombres de Dios hablaron siendo inspirados del Espíritu Santo.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Peter 1:21

    Verse 21. For the
    prophecy came not in old time] That is, in any former time, by the will of man-by a man's own searching, conjecture, or calculation; but holy men of God-persons separated from the world, and devoted to God's service, spake, moved by the Holy Ghost. So far were they from inventing these prophetic declarations concerning Christ, or any future event, that they were feromenoi, carried away, out of themselves and out of the whole region, as it were, of human knowledge and conjecture, by the Holy Ghost, who, without their knowing any thing of the matter, dictated to them what to speak, and what to write; and so far above their knowledge were the words of the prophecy, that they did not even know the intent of those words, but searched what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. See 1 Pet. i. 11, 12, and the notes there.

    1. As the writer of this epistle asserts that he was on the holy mount with Christ when he was transfigured, he must be either Peter, James, or John, for there was no other person present on that occasion except Moses and Elijah, in their glorious bodies. The epistle was never attributed to James nor John; but the uninterrupted current, where its Divine inspiration was granted, gave it to Peter alone. See the preface.

    2. It is not unfrequent for the writers of the New Testament to draw a comparison between the Mosaic and Christian dispensations; and the comparison generally shows that, glorious as the former was, it had no glory in comparison of the glory that excelleth. St. Peter seems to touch here on the same point; the Mosaic dispensation, with all the light of prophecy by which it was illustrated, was only as a lamp shining in a dark place. There is a propriety and delicacy in this image that are not generally noticed: a lamp in the dark gives but a very small portion of light, and only to those who are very near to it; yet it always gives light enough to make itself visible, even at a great distance; though it enlightens not the space between it and the beholder, it is still literally the lamp shining in a dark place. Such was the Mosaic dispensation; it gave a little light to the Jews, but shone not to the Gentile world, any farther than to make itself visible.

    This is compared with the Gospel under the emblem of daybreak, and the rising of the sun. When the sun is even eighteen degrees below the horizon daybreak commences, as the rays of light begin then to diffuse themselves in our atmosphere, by which they are reflected upon the earth. By this means a whole hemisphere is enlightened, though but in a partial degree; yet this increasing every moment, as the sun approaches the horizon, prepares for the full manifestation of his resplendent orb: so the ministry of John Baptist, and the initiatory ministry of Christ himself, prepared the primitive believers for his full manifestation on the day of pentecost and afterwards. Here the sun rose in his strength, bringing light, heat, and life to all the inhabitants of the earth. So far, then, as a lantern carried in a dark night differs from and is inferior to the beneficial effects of daybreak, and the full light and heat of a meridian sun; so far was the Mosaic dispensation, in its beneficial effects, inferior to the Christian dispensation.

    3. Perhaps there is scarcely any point of view in which we can consider prophecy which is so satisfactory and conclusive as that which is here stated; that is, far from inventing the subject of their own predictions, the ancient prophets did not even know the meaning of what themselves wrote. They were carried beyond themselves by the influence of the Divine Spirit, and after ages were alone to discover the object of the prophecy; and the fulfillment was to be the absolute proof that the prediction was of God, and that it was of no private invention - no discovery made by human sagacity and wisdom, but by the especial revelation of the all-wise God. This is sufficiently evident in all the prophecies which have been already fulfilled, and will be equally so in those yet to be fulfilled; the events will point out the prophecy, and the prophecy will be seen to be fulfilled in that event.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 21. For the prophecy , etc.] The whole Scripture, all the prophetic writings; so the Jews call the Scriptures hawbnh , the prophecy f7 , by way of eminence, and from the subject matter of the sacred word: came not in old time by the will of man ; was not brought into the world at first, or in any period of time, as and when man would, according to his pleasure, and as he thought fit: neither Moses, nor David, nor Isaiah, nor Jeremiah, nor Ezekiel, nor Daniel, nor any other of the prophets, prophesied when they pleased, but when it was the will of God they should; they were stirred up to prophesy, not by any human impulse, but by a divine influence: with this agrees what R. Sangari says, that the speech of the prophets, when the Holy Spirit clothed them, in all their words was directed by a divine influence, and the prophet could not speak in the choice of his own words, or according to his will: but holy men of God ; such as he sanctified by his Spirit, and separated from the rest of men to such peculiar service; and whom he employed as public ministers of his word: for so this phrase men, or man of God, often signifies, ( 1 Samuel 2:27 2 Timothy 3:17) spake, as they were moved by the Holy Ghost ; who illuminated their minds, gave them a knowledge of divine things, and a foresight of future ones; dictated to them what they should say or write; and moved upon them strongly, and by a secret and powerful impulse stirred them up to deliver what they did, in the name and fear of God: which shows the authority of the Scriptures, that they are the word of God, and not of men; and as such should be attended to, and received with all affection and reverence; and that the Spirit is the best interpreter of them, who first dictated them; and that they are to be the rule of our faith and practice; nor are we to expect any other, until the second coming of Christ.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 16-21 - The
    gospel is no weak thing, but comes in power, Ro 1:16. The law set before us our wretched state by sin, but there it leaves us. I discovers our disease, but does not make known the cure. It is the sight of Jesus crucified, in the gospel, that heals the soul. Try to dissuade the covetous worlding from his greediness, one ounce of gol weighs down all reasons. Offer to stay a furious man from anger by arguments, he has not patience to hear them. Try to detain the licentious, one smile is stronger with him than all reason. But com with the gospel, and urge them with the precious blood of Jesus Christ shed to save their souls from hell, and to satisfy for their sins, an this is that powerful pleading which makes good men confess that their hearts burn within them, and bad men, even an Agrippa, to say they ar almost persuaded to be Christians, Ac 26:28. God is well pleased with Christ, and with us in him. This is the Messiah who was promised through whom all who believe in him shall be accepted and saved. The truth and reality of the gospel also are foretold by the prophets an penmenof the Old Testament, who spake and wrote under influence, an according to the direction of the Spirit of God. How firm and sure should our faith be, who have such a firm and sure word to rest upon When the light of the Scripture is darted into the blind mind and dar understanding, by the Holy Spirit of God, it is like the day-break tha advances, and diffuses itself through the whole soul, till it make perfect day. As the Scripture is the revelation of the mind and will of God, every man ought to search it, to understand the sense and meaning The Christian knows that book to be the word of God, in which he taste a sweetness, and feels a power, and sees a glory, truly divine. And the prophecies already fulfilled in the person and salvation of Christ, an in the great concerns of the church and the world, form an unanswerabl proof of the truth of Christianity. The Holy Ghost inspired holy men to speak and write. He so assisted and directed them in delivering what they had received from him, that they clearly expressed what they mad known. So that the Scriptures are to be accounted the words of the Holy Ghost, and all the plainness and simplicity, all the power and all the propriety of the words and expressions, come from God. Mix faith with what you find in the Scriptures, and esteem and reverence the Bible a a book written by holy men, taught by the Holy Ghost __________________________________________________________________

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3756 γαρ 1063 θεληματι 2307 ανθρωπου 444 ηνεχθη 5342 5681 ποτε 4218 προφητεια 4394 αλλ 235 υπο 5259 πνευματος 4151 αγιου 40 φερομενοι 5342 5746 ελαλησαν 2980 5656 {1: οι 3588 } αγιοι 40 θεου 2316 ανθρωποι 444

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    21. Came (hnecqh). Lit., was
    born or brought. See on vv. 17, 18.

    Holy men of God (agioi qeou anqrwpoi). The best texts omit holy, and read ajpo qeou, from God. Render, as Rev., men spake from God.

    Moved (feromenoi). The same verb as came. Lit., being born along. It seems to be a favorite word with Peter, occurring six times in the two epistles.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21


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