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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Peter 1:3

    CHAPTERS: 2 Peter 1, 2, 3     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21




    King James Bible - 2 Peter 1:3

    According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:

    World English Bible

    seeing that his divine
    power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and virtue;

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Peter 1:3

    As all things of his divine
    power which appertain to life and godliness, are given us, through the knowledge of him who hath called us by his own proper glory and virtue.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    According as his divine
    power hath given to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5613 παντα 3956 ημιν 2254 της 3588 θειας 2304 δυναμεως 1411 αυτου 846 τα 3588 προς 4314 ζωην 2222 και 2532 ευσεβειαν 2150 δεδωρημενης 1433 5772 δια 1223 της 3588 επιγνωσεως 1922 του 3588 καλεσαντος 2564 5660 ημας 2248 δια 1223 δοξης 1391 και 2532 αρετης 703

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (3) -
    Ps 110:3 Mt 28:18 Joh 17:2 2Co 12:9 Eph 1:19-21 Col 1:16

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:3

    Como todas las cosas que pertenecen a la vida y a la piedad nos son dadas de su divina potencia, por el conocimiento de aquel que nos ha llamado por su gloria y virtud,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Peter 1:3

    Verse 3. As his
    Divine power] His power, which no power can resist, because it is Divine - that which properly belongs to the infinite Godhead.

    Hath given unto us] dedwrhmenhv? Hath endowed us with the gifts; or, hath gifted us, as Dr. Macknight translates it, who observes that it refers to the gifts which the Holy Spirit communicated to the apostles, to enable them to bring men to life and godliness; which were, 1. A complete knowledge of the doctrines of the Gospel. 2. Power to preach and defend their doctrines in suitable language, which their adversaries were not able to gainsay or resist. 3. Wisdom to direct them how to behave in all cases, where and when to labour; and the matter suitable to all different cases, and every variety of persons. 4. Miraculous powers, so that on all proper and necessary occasions they could work miracles for the confirmation of their doctrines and mission.

    By life and godliness we may understand, 1. a godly life; or, 2. eternal life as the end, and godliness the way to it; or, 3. what was essentially necessary for the present life, food, raiment, &c., and what was requisite for the life to come. As they were in a suffering state, and most probably many of them strangers in those places, one can scarcely say that they had all things that pertained to life; and yet so had God worked in their behalf, that none of them perished, either through lack of food or raiment. And as to what was necessary for godliness, they had that from the Gospel ministry, which it appears was still continued among them, and the gifts of the Holy Spirit which were not withdrawn; and what was farther necessary in the way of personal caution, comfort, and instruction, was supplied by means of these two epistles.

    That hath called us to glory and virtue] To virtue or courage as the means; and glory - the kingdom of heaven, as the end. This is the way in which these words are commonly understood, and this sense is plain enough, but the construction is harsh. Others have translated dia doxhv kai arethv, by his glorious benignity, a Hebraism for dia thv endoxou arethv? and read the whole verse thus: God by his own power hath bestowed on us every thing necessary for a happy life and godliness, having called us to the knowledge of himself, by his own infinite goodness. It is certain that the word areth, which we translate virtue or courage, is used, 1 Pet. ii. 9, to express the perfection of the Divine nature: That ye may show forth tav aretav, the virtues or PERFECTIONS, of him who hath called you from darkness into his marvellous light.

    But there is a various reading here which is of considerable importance, and which, from the authorities by which it is supported, appears to be genuine: tou kalesantov hmav idia doxh kai areth, through the knowledge of him who hath called us by his own glory and power, or by his own glorious power. This is the reading of AC, several others; and, in effect, of the Coptic, Armenian, Syriac, AEthiopic, Vulgate, Cyril, Cassiodourus, &c.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 3. According as his divine power , etc.] Meaning either the power of God the Father, to whom belong eternal power and Godhead; and he is sometimes called by the name of power itself; (see Matthew 26:64) being all powerful and mighty; or rather the power of Christ, since he is the next and immediate antecedent to this relative; and who, as he has the fulness of the Godhead in him, is almighty, and can do all things; and is El-shaddai, God all-sufficient, and can communicate all things whatsoever he pleases, and does, as follows: for he hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness ; referring not so much to a temporal life, though he gives that and preserves it, and furnishes with all the mercies and comforts of it; and which come to us, from him, in a covenant way, as his left hand blessings, and in great love; but rather a spiritual life, which he is the author and maintainer of, all the joys, pleasures, blessings, and supports of it, being given by him; as also eternal life, for that, and everything appertaining to it, are from him; he gives a meetness for it, which is his own grace, and a right unto it, which is his own righteousness; and he has power to give that itself to as many as the Father has given him, and he does give it to them; and likewise all things belonging to godliness, or internal religion; and which is the means of eternal life, and leads on to it, and is connected with it, and has the promise both of this life, and of that which is to come; and everything relating to it, or is in it, or it consists of, is from Christ: the internal graces of the Spirit, as faith, hope, and love, which, when in exercise, are the principal parts of powerful godliness, are the gifts of Christ, are received out of his fulness, and of which he is the author and finisher; and he is the donor of all the fresh supplies of grace to maintain the inward power of religion, and to assist in the external exercise of it; all which things are given through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue . The call here spoken of is not a bare outward call, by the ministry of the word, but an internal, special, and powerful one, which springs from the grace, and is according to the purpose of God, and is inseparably connected with justification and glorification; and is either of God the Father, who, as the God of all grace, calls to eternal glory by Christ; or rather of Christ himself, who calls by his Spirit and grace; and hence the saints are sometimes styled, the called of Jesus Christ, ( Romans 1:6) what they are called unto by him is, glory and virtue; by the former may be meant, the glorious state of the saints in the other world, and so answers to life, eternal life, in the preceding clause; and by the latter, grace, and the spiritual blessings of grace here, and which answers to godliness in the said clause; for the saints are called both to grace and glory, and to the one, in order to the other. Some render it, by glory and virtue; and some copies, as the Alexandrian and others, and so the Vulgate Latin version, read, by his own glory and virtue; that is, by his glorious power, which makes the call as effectual, and is as illustrious a specimen of the glory of his power, as was the call of Lazarus out of the grave; unless the Gospel should rather be intended by glory and virtue, which is glorious in itself, and the power of God unto salvation, and is the means by which persons are called to the communion of Christ, and the obtaining of his glory: so then this phrase, him that hath called us to glory and virtue, is a periphrasis of Christ, through a knowledge of whom, and which is not notional and speculative, but spiritual, experimental, fiducial, and practical, or along with such knowledge all the above things are given; for as God, in giving Christ, gives all things along with him, so the Spirit of Christ, which is a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him, when he makes him known in the glory of his person, grace, and righteousness, also makes known the several things which are freely given of God and Christ: and this is what, among other things, makes the knowledge of Christ preferable to all other knowledge, or anything else.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-11 -
    Faith unites the weak believer to Christ, as really as it does the strong one, and purifies the heart of one as truly as of another; an every sincere believer is by his faith justified in the sight of God Faith worketh godliness, and produces effects which no other grace in the soul can do. In Christ all fulness dwells, and pardon, peace grace, and knowledge, and new principles, are thus given through the Holy Spirit. The promises to those who are partakers of a Divin nature, will cause us to inquire whether we are really renewed in the spirit of our minds; let us turn all these promises into prayers for the transforming and purifying grace of the Holy Spirit. The believe must add knowledge to his virtue, increasing acquaintance with the whole truth and will of God. We must add temperance to knowledge moderation about worldly things; and add to temperance, patience, or cheerful submission to the will of God. Tribulation worketh patience whereby we bear all calamities and crosses with silence and submission To patience we must add godliness: this includes the holy affection and dispositions found in the true worshipper of God; with tende affection to all fellow Christians, who are children of the sam Father, servants of the same Master, members of the same family travellers to the same country, heirs of the same inheritance Wherefore let Christians labour to attain assurance of their calling and of their election, by believing and well-doing; and thus carefull to endeavour, is a firm argument of the grace and mercy of God upholding them so that they shall not utterly fall. Those who ar diligent in the work of religion, shall have a triumphant entrance int that everlasting kingdom where Christ reigns, and they shall reign with him for ever and ever; and it is in the practice of every good wor that we are to expect entrance to heaven.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5613 παντα 3956 ημιν 2254 της 3588 θειας 2304 δυναμεως 1411 αυτου 846 τα 3588 προς 4314 ζωην 2222 και 2532 ευσεβειαν 2150 δεδωρημενης 1433 5772 δια 1223 της 3588 επιγνωσεως 1922 του 3588 καλεσαντος 2564 5660 ημας 2248 δια 1223 δοξης 1391 και 2532 αρετης 703

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    3. Hath granted (dedwrhmenhv). This is the only word which Peter and Mark alone have in common in the New Testament; a somewhat singular fact in view of their intimate relations, and of the impress of Peter upon Mark's
    gospel: yet it tells very strongly against the theory of a forgery of this epistle. The word is stronger than the simple didwmi, to give, meaning to grant or bestow as a gift. Compare Mark xv. 45.

    Godliness (eusebeian). Used only by Peter (Acts iii. 12), and in the Pastoral Epistles. It is from euj, well, and sebomai, to worship, so that the radical idea is worship rightly directed. Worship, however, is to be understood in it etymological sense, worth-ship, or reverence paid to worth, whether in God or man. So Wycliffe's rendering of Matt. vi. 2, "that they be worshipped of men;" and "worship thy father and thy mother," Matt. xix. 19. In classical Greek the word is not confined to religion, but means also piety in the fulfilment of human relations, like the Latin pietas. Even in classical Greek, however, it is a standing word for piety in the religious sense, showing itself in right reverence; and is opposed to dussebeia, ungodliness, and ajnosiothv, profaneness. "The recognition of dependence upon the gods, the confession of human dependence, the tribute of homage which man renders in the certainty that he needs their favor - all this is eujsebeia, manifest in conduct and conversation, in sacrifice and prayer." (Nagelsbach, cited by Cremer). This definition may be almost literally transferred to the Christian word. It embraces the confession of the one living and true God, and life corresponding to this knowledge. See on ver. 2.

    Called (kalesantov). Also used of the divine invitation, 1 Pet. ii. 9, 21; iii. 9; v. 10.

    To glory and virtue (idia doxh kai areth). Lit., and properly, by his own glory and virtue, though some read dia doxhv kai ajrethv, through glory and virtue. Rev. adopts the former. The meaning is much the same in either case.

    His own (idia). Of frequent occurrence in Peter, and not necessarily with an emphatic force, since the adjective is sometimes used merely as a possessive pronoun, and mostly so in Peter (1 Pet. iii. 1, 5; 2 Pet. ii. 16, 22, etc.).

    Virtue. See on 1 Pet. ii. 9. Used by Peter only, with the exception of Philip. iv. 8. The original classical sense of the word had no special moral import, but denoted excellence of any kind - bravery, rank, nobility; also, excellence of land, animals, things, classes of persons. Paul seems to avoid the term, using it only once.

    On glory and virtue Bengel says, "the former indicates his natural, the latter his moral, attributes."

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21


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