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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ecclesiastes 4:4


    CHAPTERS: Ecclesiastes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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    King James Bible - Ecclesiastes 4:4

    Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

    World English Bible

    Then I saw all the
    labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

    Douay-Rheims - Ecclesiastes 4:4

    Again I considered all the labours of
    men, and I remarked that their industries are exposed to the envy of their neighhour: so in this also there is vanity, and fruitless care.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Again, I considered all
    labor, and every right work, that for this a man is envied by his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

    Original Hebrew

    וראיתי
    7200 אני 589 את 853 כל 3605 עמל 5999 ואת 853 כל 3605 כשׁרון 3788 המעשׂה 4639 כי 3588 היא 1931 קנאת 7068 אישׁ 376 מרעהו 7453 גם 1571 זה 2088 הבל 1892 ורעות 7469 רוח׃ 7307

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    :16; 1:14; 2:21,26; 6:9,11 Ge 37:4,11

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:4

    ¶ He visto asimismo que todo trabajo y toda rectitud de obras mueve la envidia del hombre contra su prójimo. También esto es vanidad y aflicción de espíritu.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ecclesiastes 4:5

    Verse 5. The
    fool foldeth his hands - After all, without labour and industry no man can get any comfort in life; and he who gives way to idleness is the veriest of fools.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 5. The
    fool foldeth his hands together , etc.] In order to get more sleep, or as unwilling to work; so the Targum adds, “he folds his hands in summer, and will not labour;” (see Proverbs 6:10). Some persons, to escape the envy which diligence and industry bring on men, will not work at all, or do any right work, and think to sleep in a whole skin; this is great folly and madness indeed: and eateth his own flesh ; such a man is starved and famished for want of food, so that his flesh is wasted away; or he is so hungry bitten, that he is ready to eat his own flesh; or he hereby brings to ruin his family, his wife, and children, which are his own flesh, ( Isaiah 58:7). The Targum is, “in winter he eats all he has, even the covering of the skin of his flesh.”

    Some understand this of the envious man, who is a fool, traduces the diligent and industrious, and will not work himself; and not only whose idleness brings want and poverty on him as an armed man, but whose envy eats up his spirit, and is rottenness in his bones, ( Proverbs 6:11 14:30).

    Jarchi, out of a book of theirs called Siphri, interprets this of a wicked man in hell, when he sees the righteous in glory, and he himself judged and condemned.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Miseries from oppression. (Eccl. 4:1-3) troubles from envy. (Eccl 4:4-6) The folly of covetousness. (Eccl. 4:7,8) The advantages of mutual assistance. (Eccl. 4:9-12) the changes of royalty. (Eccl 4:13-16)

    Eccl. 4:1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and miser of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other Being thus hardly used, men are tempted to hate and despise life. But good man, though badly off while in this world, cannot have cause to wish he had never been born, since he is glorifying the Lord, even in the fires, and will be happy at last, for ever happy. Ungodly men have most cause to wish the continuance of life with all its vexations, as far more miserable condition awaits them if they die in their sins. I human and worldly things were our chief good, not to exist would be preferable to life, considering the various oppressions here below.

    Eccl. 4:4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. They often become great an prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction i sloth and idleness. But idleness is a sin that is its own punishment Let us by honest industry lay hold on the handful, that we may not wan necessaries, but not grasp at both hands full, which would only creat vexation of spirit. Moderate pains and gains do best.

    Eccl. 4:7,8 Frequently, the more men have, the more they would have and on this they are so intent, that they get no enjoyment from what they have. Selfishness is the cause of this evil. A selfish man care for nobody; there is none to take care of but himself, yet he wil scarcely allow necessary rest to himself, and the people he employs. He never thinks he has enough. He has enough for his calling, for his family, but he has not enough for his eyes. Many are so set upon the world, that in pursuit of it they bereave themselves, not only of the favour of God and eternal life, but of the pleasures of this life. The distant relations or strangers who inherit such a man's wealth, neve thank him. Covetousness gathers strength by time and habit; me tottering on the brink of the grave, grow more grasping and griping Alas, and how often do we see men professing to be followers of Him who, "though he was rich, for our sakes became poor," anxiousl scraping money together and holding it fast, excusing themselves by common-place talking about the necessity of care, and the danger of extravagance!

    Eccl. 4:9-12 Surely he has more satisfaction in life, who labours har to maintain those he loves, than the miser has in his toil. In all things union tends to success and safety, but above all, the union of Christians. They assist each other by encouragement, or friendl reproof. They warm each other's hearts while they converse together of the love of Christ, or join in singing his praises. Then let us improv our opportunities of Christian fellowship. In these things all is no vanity, though there will be some alloy as long as we are under the sun. Where two are closely joined in holy love and fellowship, Chris will by his Spirit come to them; then there is a threefold cord.

    Eccl. 4:13-16 People are never long easy and satisfied; they are fon of changes. This is no new thing. Princes see themselves slighted by those they have studied to oblige; this is vanity and vexation of spirit. But the willing servants of the Lord Jesus, our King, rejoic in him alone, and they will love Him more and more to all eternity __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    וראיתי 7200 אני 589 את 853 כל 3605 עמל 5999 ואת 853 כל 3605 כשׁרון 3788 המעשׂה 4639 כי 3588 היא 1931 קנאת 7068 אישׁ 376 מרעהו 7453 גם 1571 זה 2088 הבל 1892 ורעות 7469 רוח׃ 7307


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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