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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ephesians 6:13

    CHAPTERS: Ephesians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24




    King James Bible - Ephesians 6:13

    Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

    World English Bible

    Therefore, put on the
    whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and, having done all, to stand.

    Douay-Rheims - Ephesians 6:13

    Therefore take unto you the armour of God, that you may be able to resist in the evil
    day, and to stand in all things perfect.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Wherefore take to you the
    whole armor of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1223 τουτο 5124 αναλαβετε 353 5628 την 3588 πανοπλιαν 3833 του 3588 θεου 2316 ινα 2443 δυνηθητε 1410 5667 αντιστηναι 436 5629 εν 1722 τη 3588 ημερα 2250 τη 3588 πονηρα 4190 και 2532 απαντα 537 κατεργασαμενοι 2716 5666 στηναι 2476 5629

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (13) -
    :11-17 2Co 10:4

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 6:13

    Por tanto, tomad toda la armadura de Dios, para que podis resistir en el día malo, y estar firmes, acabado toda la obra .

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ephesians 6:13

    Verse 13. Wherefore] Because ye have such
    enemies to contend with, take unto you - assume, as provided and prepared for you, the whole armour of God; which armour if you put on and use, you shall be both invulnerable and immortal. The ancient heroes are fabled to have had armour sent to them by the gods; and even the great armour-maker, Vulcan, was reputed to be a god himself. This was fable: What Paul speaks of is reality. See before on ver. 11.

    That ye may be able to withstand] That ye may not only stand fast in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made you free, but also discomfit all your spiritual foes; and continuing in your ranks, maintain your ground against them, never putting off your armour, but standing always ready prepared to repel any new attack.

    And having done all, to stand.] kai apanta katergasamenoi sthnai? rather, And having conquered all, stand: this is a military phrase, and is repeatedly used in this sense by the best Greek writers. So Dionys. Hal. Ant., lib. vi., page 400: kai panta polemia en oligw katergasamenoi cronw? "Having in a short time discomfited all our enemies, we returned with numerous captives and much spoil." See many examples in Kypke. By evil day we may understand any time of trouble, affliction, and sore temptation.

    As there is here allusion to some of the most important parts of the Grecian armour, I shall give a short account of the whole. It consisted properly of two sorts: 1. Defensive armour, or that which protected themselves. 2. Offensive armour, or that by which they injured their enemies. The apostle refers to both.

    I. DEFENSIVE armour: perikefalaia, the HELMET; this was the armour for the head, and was of various forms, and embossed with a great variety of figures. Connected with the helmet was the crest or ridge on the top of the helmet, adorned with several emblematic figures; some for ornament, some to strike terror.

    For crests on ancient helmets we often see the winged lion, the griffin, chimera, &c. St. Paul seems to refer to one which had an emblematical representation of hope.

    zwma, the GIRDLE; this went about the loins, and served to brace the armour tight to the body, and to support daggers, short swords, and such like weapons, which were frequently stuck in it. This kind of girdle is in general use among the Asiatic nations to the present day.

    qwrax, the BREAST-PLATE; this consisted of two parts, called pterugev or wings: one covered the whole region of the thorax or breast, in which the principal viscera of life are contained; and the other covered the back, as far down as the front part extended.

    knhmidev, GREAVES or brazen boots, which covered the shin or front of the leg; a kind of solea was often used, which covered the sole, and laced about the instep, and prevented the foot from being wounded by rugged ways, thorns, stones, &c.

    ceiridev, GAUNTLETS; a kind of gloves that served to defend the hands, and the arm up to the elbow.

    aspiv, the clypeus or SHIELD; it was perfectly round, and sometimes made of wood, covered with bullocks' hides; but often made of metal. The aspis or shield of Achilles, made by Vulcan, was composed of five plates, two of brass, two of tin, and one of gold; so Homer, Il. U. v. 2lxx. - epei pente ptucav hlase kullopodiwn, tav duo calkeiav, duo d endoqi kassiteroio, thn de mian xrushn.

    Five plates of various metal, various mold, Composed the shield; of brass each outward fold, Of tin each inward, and the middle gold.

    Of shields there were several sorts: gerrwn or gerra, the gerron; a small square shield, used first by the Persians.

    laishion, LAISEION; a sort of oblong shield, covered with rough hides, or skins with the hair on.

    pelth, the PELTA; a small light shield, nearly in the form of a demicrescent, with a small ornament, similar to the recurved leaves of a flower de luce, on the center of a diagonal edge or straight line; this was the Amazonian shield.

    qureov, the scutum or OBLONG SHIELD; this was always made of wood, and covered with hides. It was exactly in the shape of the laiseion, but differed in size, being much larger, and being covered with hides from which the hair had been taken off. It was called qureov from qura, a door, which it resembled in its oblong shape; but it was made curved, so as to embrace the whole forepart of the body. The aspis and the thureos were the shields principally in use; the former for light, the latter for heavy armed troops.

    II. OFFENSIVE armour, OR WEAPONS; THE FOLLOWING WERE CHIEF: egcov, enchos, the SPEAR; which was generally a head of brass or iron, with a long shaft of ash.

    doru, the LANCE; differing perhaps little from the former, but in its size and lightness; being a missile used, both by infantry and cavalry, for the purpose of annoying the enemy at a distance.

    xifov, the SWORD; these were of various sizes, and in the beginning all of brass. The swords of Homer's heroes are all of this metal.

    macaira, called also a sword, sometimes a knife; it was a short sword, used more frequently by gladiators, or in single combat. What other difference it had from the xiphos I cannot tell.

    axinh, from which our word AXE; the common battle-axe.

    pelekuv, the BIPEN; a sort of battle-axe, with double face, one opposite to the other.

    korunh, an iron club or mace, much used both among the ancient Greeks and Persians.

    toxon, the BOW; with its pharetra or quiver, and its stock or sheaf of arrows.

    sfendonh, the SLING; an instrument in the use of which most ancient nations were very expert, particularly the Hebrews and ancient Greeks.

    The arms and armour mentioned above were not always in use; they were found out and improved by degrees. The account given by Lucretius of the arms of the first inhabitants of the earth is doubtless as correct as it is natural.

    Arma antiqua manus, ungues, dentesque fuere, Et lapides, et item silvarum fragmina rami, Et flammae, atque ignes postquam sunt cognita primum: Posterius ferri vis est, aerisque reperta: Sed prius aeris erat quam ferri cognitus usus: Quo facilis magis est natura, et copia major.

    Deuteronomy Rerum Nat., lib. v. ver. 1282.

    Whilst cruelty was not improved by art, And rage not furnished yet with sword or dart; With fists, or boughs, or stones, the warriors fought; These were the only weapons Nature taught: But when flames burnt the trees and scorched the ground, Then brass appeared, and iron fit to wound.

    Brass first was used, because the softer ore, And earth's cold veins contained a greater store. CREECH.

    I have only to observe farther on this head, 1. That the ancient Greeks and Romans went constantly armed; 2. That before they engaged they always ate together; and 3. That they commenced every attack with prayer to the gods for success.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 13. Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God , &c.] This is a repetition of the exhortation in ( Ephesians 6:11); which repetition seems necessary by reason of the many powerful enemies mentioned in the preceding verse, and serves to explain what is meant by putting it on: and leads on the apostle to give an account of the several parts of this armour: the end of taking it is much the same as before, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day ; that is, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles and stratagems of Satan, against his power and might, to oppose his schemes, and resist his temptations: and so the Syriac version renders it, that ye may be able to meet the evil one; to face him, and give him battle, being accoutred with the whole armour of God; though the Greek copies, and other versions, read, in the evil day; in which sin and iniquity abound, error and heresy prevail, Satan is very busy, trials and afflictions come on, persecution arises because of the word, and God's judgments are in the earth: and having done all to stand ; or having overcome, having routed the enemy, stand as conquerors; or rather, having took and put on the whole armour of God, in order to stand, and withstand the enemy.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 10-18 -
    Spiritual strength and courage are needed for our spiritual warfare an suffering. Those who would prove themselves to have true grace, mus aim at all grace; and put on the whole armour of God, which he prepare and bestows. The Christian armour is made to be worn; and there is n putting off our armour till we have done our warfare, and finished ou course. The combat is not against human enemies, nor against our ow corrupt nature only; we have to do with an enemy who has a thousan ways of beguiling unstable souls. The devils assault us in the thing that belong to our souls, and labour to deface the heavenly image in our hearts. We must resolve by God's grace, not to yield to Satan Resist him, and he will flee. If we give way, he will get ground. If we distrust either our cause, or our Leader, or our armour, we give his advantage. The different parts of the armour of heavy-armed soldiers who had to sustain the fiercest assaults of the enemy, are her described. There is none for the back; nothing to defend those who tur back in the Christian warfare. Truth, or sincerity, is the girdle. Thi girds on all the other pieces of our armour, and is first mentioned There can be no religion without sincerity. The righteousness of Christ, imputed to us, is a breastplate against the arrows of Divin wrath. The righteousness of Christ implanted in us, fortifies the hear against the attacks of Satan. Resolution must be as greaves, or armou to our legs; and to stand their ground or to march forward in rugge paths, the feet must be shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace. Motives to obedience, amidst trials, must be drawn from a clea knowledge of the gospel. Faith is all in all in an hour of temptation Faith, as relying on unseen objects, receiving Christ and the benefit of redemption, and so deriving grace from him, is like a shield, defence every way. The devil is the wicked one. Violent temptations, by which the soul is set on fire of hell, are darts Satan shoots at us Also, hard thoughts of God, and as to ourselves. Faith applying the word of God and the grace of Christ, quenches the darts of temptation Salvation must be our helmet. A good hope of salvation, a Scriptura expectation of victory, will purify the soul, and keep it from being defiled by Satan. To the Christian armed for defense in battle, the apostle recommends only one weapon of attack; but it is enough, the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. It subdues and mortifie evil desires and blasphemous thoughts as they rise within; and answer unbelief and error as they assault from without. A single text, wel understood, and rightly applied, at once destroys a temptation or a objection, and subdues the most formidable adversary. Prayer mus fasten all the other parts of our Christian armour. There are othe duties of religion, and of our stations in the world, but we must kee up times of prayer. Though set and solemn prayer may not be seasonabl when other duties are to be done, yet short pious prayers darted out always are so. We must use holy thoughts in our ordinary course. A vai heart will be vain in prayer. We must pray with all kinds of prayer public, private, and secret; social and solitary; solemn and sudden with all the parts of prayer; confession of sin, petition for mercy and thanksgiving for favours received. And we must do it by the grac of God the Holy Spirit, in dependence on, and according to, his teaching. We must preserve in particular requests, notwithstandin discouragements. We must pray, not for ourselves only, but for all saints. Our enemies are mighty, and we are without strength, but ou Redeemer is almighty, and in the power of his mighty we may overcome Wherefore we must stir up ourselves. Have not we, when God has called often neglected to answer? Let us think upon these things, and continu our prayers with patience. (Eph 6:19-24)

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1223 τουτο 5124 αναλαβετε 353 5628 την 3588 πανοπλιαν 3833 του 3588 θεου 2316 ινα 2443 δυνηθητε 1410 5667 αντιστηναι 436 5629 εν 1722 τη 3588 ημερα 2250 τη 3588 πονηρα 4190 και 2532 απαντα 537 κατεργασαμενοι 2716 5666 στηναι 2476 5629

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    13. Wherefore. Because the
    fight is with such powers.

    Take unto you (analabete). Lit., take up, as one takes up armor to put it on. So Rev.

    The whole armor. An interesting parallel passage, evidently founded upon this, occurs in Ignatius' Epistle to Polycarp, 6. "Please the captain under whom ye serve, from whom also ye shall receive your wages. Let no one of you be found a deserter. Let your baptism abide as your shield; your faith as your helmets; your love as your spear; your patience as your whole armor. Let your good works be your savings (ta deposita deposita), 171 that you may receive what is justly to your credit." Gibbon relates how the relaxation of discipline and the disuse of exercise rendered the soldiers less willing and less able to support the fatigues of the service. They complained of the weight of their armor, and successively obtained permission to lay aside their cuirasses and helmets (ch. 27.).

    Withstand. With has the sense of against, as appears in the older English withsay, to contradict; Anglo-Saxon, widstandan, to resist. Compare German, wider and Widerstand, resistance.

    Having done all. Everything which the crisis demands.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    6:13 {Take up} (analabete). Second aorist active imperative of analambanw, old word and used (analabwn) of "picking up" Mark in #2Ti 4:11. {That ye may be able to withstand} (hina duneqete antistenai). Final clause with hina and first aorist passive subjunctive of dunamai with antistenai (second aorist active infinitive of anqistemi, to stand face to face, against). {And having done all to stand} (kai hapanta katergasa menoi stenai). After the fight (wrestle) is over to stand (stenai) as victor in the contest. Effective aorist here.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24


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