SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:13 La copia de la escritura que había de darse por ley en cada provincia, para que fuese manifiesta a todos los pueblos, decía que los judíos estuviesen apercibidos para aquel día, para vengarse de sus enemigos.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 13. The copy of the writing, for a commandment to be given in every province, was published to all people , etc.] A copy of the letters sent to the governors of provinces; the sum and substance of them was published by an herald, or fixed in public places, that all might know the contents thereof; and take care not to assault the Jews, as it would be to their peril: and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies ; Abendana thinks this is to be restrained to those that were of the seed of Amalek, who were their principal enemies; but no doubt it includes all that should rise up against them.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 3-14 - It was time to be earnest, when the church of God was at stake. Esther though safe herself, fell down and begged for the deliverance of he people. We read of no tears when she begged for her own life, but although she was sure of that, she wept for her people. Tears of pit and tenderness are the most Christ-like. According to the constitutio of the Persian government, no law or decree could be repealed of recalled. This is so far from speaking to the wisdom and honour of the Medes and Persians, that it clearly shows their pride and folly. Thi savours of that old presumption which ruined all, We will be as gods It is God's prerogative not to repent, or to say what can never be altered or unsaid. Yet a way was found, by another decree, to authoriz the Jews to stand upon their defence. The decree was published in the languages of all the provinces. Shall all the subjects of an earthl prince have his decrees in languages they understand, and shall God' oracles and laws be locked up from any of his servants in an unknow tongue?
Original Hebrew פתשׁגן 6572 הכתב 3791 להנתן 5414 דת 1881 בכל 3605 מדינה 4082 ומדינה 4082 גלוי 1540 לכל 3605 העמים 5971 ולהיות 1961 היהודיים 3064 עתודים 6259 ליום 3117 הזה 2088 להנקם 5358 מאיביהם׃ 341