SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:2 Â¿Qué pensáis vosotros, vosotros que usáis este refrán sobre la tierra de Israel, diciendo: Los padres comieron el agraz, y los dientes de los hijos tienen la dentera?
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ezekiel 18:2 Verse 2. The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge?] We have seen this proverb already, Jer. xxxi. 29, &c., and have considered its general meaning. But the subject is here proposed in greater detail, with a variety of circumstances, to adapt it to all those cases to which it should apply. It refers simply to these questions: How far can the moral evil of the parent be extended to his offspring? And, Are the faults and evil propensities of the parents, not only transterred to the children, but punished in them? Do parents transfer their evil nature, and are their children punished for their offenses?
Matthew Henry Commentary
God has no respect of persons. (Ezek. 18:1-20) The Divine providence is vindicated. (Ezek. 18:21-29) A gracious invitation to repentance (Ezek. 18:30-32)
Ezek. 18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, ever man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrule every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sens worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invite to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance of account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is no about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord' dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
Ezek. 18:21-29 The wicked man would be saved, if he turned from his evil ways. The true penitent is a true believer. None of his forme transgressions shall be mentioned unto him, but in the righteousnes which he has done, as the fruit of faith and the effect of conversion he shall surely live. The question is not whether the truly righteou ever become apostates. It is certain that many who for a time wer thought to be righteous, do so, while Ezek. 18:26,27 speaks the fulnes of pardoning mercy: when sin is forgiven, it is blotted out, it is remembered no more. In their righteousness they shall live; not for their righteousness, as if that were an atonement for their sins, but in their righteousness, which is one of the blessings purchased by the Mediator. What encouragement a repenting, returning sinner has to hop for pardon and life according to this promise! In verse 28 is the beginning and progress of repentance. True believers watch and pray and continue to the end, and they are saved. In all our disputes with God, he is in the right, and we are in the wrong.
Ezek. 18:30-32 The Lord will judge each of the Israelites according to his ways. On this is grounded an exhortation to repent, and to make them a new heart and a new spirit. God does not command what cannot be done, but admonishes us to do what is in our power, and to pray for what is not. Ordinances and means are appointed, directions an promises are given, that those who desire this change may seek it from God __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew מה 4100 לכם אתם 859 משׁלים 4911 את 853 המשׁל 4912 הזה 2088 על 5921 אדמת 127 ישׂראל 3478 לאמר 559 אבות 1 יאכלו 398 בסר 1155 ושׁני 8127 הבנים 1121 תקהינה׃ 6949