SEV Biblia, Chapter 18:20 El alma que pecare, esa morirá; el hijo no llevará el pecado del padre, ni el padre llevará el pecado del hijo; la justicia del justo será sobre él, y la impiedad del impío será sobre él.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ezekiel 18:20 Verse 20. The soul that sinneth, it shall die.] Hitherto we have had to do with the simple cases or the righteous and the wicked; of him who lived and died a holy man, and of him who lived and died a wicked man. But there are two cases behind: 1. That of the wicked man, who repents and turns to God. 2. That of the righteous man, who backslides, and does not return to God by repentance. On both these cases God decides thus:-
Matthew Henry Commentary
God has no respect of persons. (Ezek. 18:1-20) The Divine providence is vindicated. (Ezek. 18:21-29) A gracious invitation to repentance (Ezek. 18:30-32)
Ezek. 18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, ever man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrule every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sens worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invite to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance of account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is no about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord' dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
Ezek. 18:21-29 The wicked man would be saved, if he turned from his evil ways. The true penitent is a true believer. None of his forme transgressions shall be mentioned unto him, but in the righteousnes which he has done, as the fruit of faith and the effect of conversion he shall surely live. The question is not whether the truly righteou ever become apostates. It is certain that many who for a time wer thought to be righteous, do so, while Ezek. 18:26,27 speaks the fulnes of pardoning mercy: when sin is forgiven, it is blotted out, it is remembered no more. In their righteousness they shall live; not for their righteousness, as if that were an atonement for their sins, but in their righteousness, which is one of the blessings purchased by the Mediator. What encouragement a repenting, returning sinner has to hop for pardon and life according to this promise! In verse 28 is the beginning and progress of repentance. True believers watch and pray and continue to the end, and they are saved. In all our disputes with God, he is in the right, and we are in the wrong.
Ezek. 18:30-32 The Lord will judge each of the Israelites according to his ways. On this is grounded an exhortation to repent, and to make them a new heart and a new spirit. God does not command what cannot be done, but admonishes us to do what is in our power, and to pray for what is not. Ordinances and means are appointed, directions an promises are given, that those who desire this change may seek it from God __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew הנפשׁ 5315 החטאת 2398 היא 1931 תמות 4191 בן 1121 לא 3808 ישׂא 5375 בעון 5771 האב 1 ואב 1 לא 3808 ישׂא 5375 בעון 5771 הבן 1121 צדקת 6666 הצדיק 6662 עליו 5921 תהיה 1961 ורשׁעת 7564 רשׁע 7563 עליו 5921 תהיה׃ 1961