SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:4 Y le dijo el SEÑOR: Ponle por nombre Jezreel; porque de aquí a poco yo visitaré la sangre de Jezreel sobre la casa de Jehú, y haré cesar el reino de la Casa de Israel.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Hosea 1:4 Verse 4. Call his name Jezreel] la[rzy that is, God will disperse.
This seems to intimate that a dispersion or sowing of Israel shall take place; which happened under Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, 2 Kings xvii. 5, 6. But the word refers also to the name of a city, where Jehu slew Jezebel and all the children of Ahab. 2 Kings ix. 10, 36; x. 6.
This was one of those prophetic names which we so often meet with in the Scriptures; e.g. Japheth Abraham, Israel, Judah, Joshua, ZerubbHebel, Solomon, Sheer-jashub, &c.
The blood of Jezreel] Not Jehu's vengeance on Ahab's family, but his acts of cruelty while he resided at Jezreel, a city in the tribe of Issachar, Josh. xix. 18, where the kings of Israel had a palace, 1 Kings xxi. 1.
Will cause to cease the kingdom] Either relating to the cutting off of the kingdom of Israel by the Assyrians, see ver. 6, or to the ceasing of the kingdom of Israel from the house of Jehu, 2 Kings x. 30, and which was fulfilled, 2 Kings xv. 10. - Newcome.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 4. And the Lord said unto him call his name Jezreel , etc.] Which some interpret the “seed of God”, as Jerom; or “arm of God”, as others; and Kimchi applies it to Jeroboam the son of Joash, who was strong, and prospered in his kingdom; but it rather signifies “God will sow”, or “scatter” f13 ; denoting either their dissension among themselves; or their dispersion among the nations, which afterwards came to pass; and so the Targum, “call their name scattered”; and alluding also to the city of Jezreel, where some of the idolatrous kings of Israel lived, and where much blood had been shed, which should be avenged, as follows: for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu ; not the blood of Naboth the Jezreelite, that was shed by Ahab; but the blood of Joram the son of Ahab, and seventy other sons of his, and all his great men, kinsfolks and priests, shed by Jehu in this place; and though this was done according to the will of God, and for which he received the kingdom, and it was continued in his family to the fourth generation; yet, inasmuch as this was not done by him from a pure and hearty zeal for the Lord and his worship, and with a sincere view to his glory, but in order to gain the kingdom, increase his power, and satiate his tyranny and lust; and because, though he destroyed one species of idolatry, the worship of Baal, yet he continued another, the worshipping of the calves at Daniel and Bethel, and regarded not the law of the Lord, and so his successors after him; and were the means of causing many to sin, and so consequently of the ruin of many souls, whose blood would be required of them, which some take to be the meaning here; this is threatened; (see 2 Kings 9:24,25 <121001> 10:1-7,11,16,28-31). It may be observed, that God sometimes punishes the instruments he makes use of in doing his work; they either over doing it, exercising too much cruelty; and not doing it upon right principles, and with right views, as the kings of Assyria and Babylon, ( Isaiah 10:5,7 Zechariah 1:15). It is here said to be but a little while ere this vengeance would be taken, it being at the latter end of Jeroboam’s reign when this prophecy was delivered out; and his son Zachariah, in whom the kingdom as in his family ceased, reigned but six months, being conspired against and slain by Shallum, who reigned in his stead, ( Kings 15:8-10). The Targum is, “for yet a little while I will avenge the blood of those that worship idols which Jehu shed in Jezreel, whom he slew because they served Baal; but they turned to err after the calves which were in Bethel; therefore I will reckon that innocent blood upon the house of Jehu:” and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel ; that is, in the family of Jehu; Zachariah the son of the then reigning prince being the last, and his reign only the short reign of six months; unless this has reference to the utter cessation of this kingdom as such in the times of Hoshea by Shalmaneser king of Assyria, ( 2 Kings 17:6-23).
Matthew Henry Commentary Under a figure, is represented the shameful idolatry of the ten tribes (Hos. 1:1-7) The calling of the Gentiles, and the uniting Israel an Judah under the Messiah. (Hos. 1:8-11)
Hos. 1:1-7 Israel was prosperous, yet then Hosea boldly tells them of their sins, and foretells their destruction. Men are not to be flattered in sinful ways because they prosper in the world; nor will it last long if they go on still in their trespasses. The prophet mus show Israel their sin; show it to be exceedingly hateful. Their idolatry is the sin they are here charged with. Giving that glory to any creature which is due to God alone, is an injury and affront to God; such as for a wife to take a stranger, is to her husband. The Lord, doubtless, had good reasons for giving such a command to the prophet; it would form an affecting picture of the Lord's unmerite goodness and unwearied patience, and of the perverseness an ingratitude of Israel. We should be broken and wearied with half tha perverseness from others, with which we try the patience and grieve the Spirit of our God. Let us also be ready to bear any cross the Lor appoints. The prophet must show the ruin of the people, in the name given to his children. He foretells the fall of the royal family in the name of his first child: call his name Jezreel, which signifie "dispersion." He foretells God's abandoning the nation in the name of the second child; Lo-ruhamah, "not beloved," or "not having obtaine mercy." God showed great mercy, but Israel abused his favours. Sin turns away the mercy of God, even from Israel, his own professin people. If pardoning mercy is denied, no other mercy can be expected Though some, through unbelief, are broken off, yet God will have church in this world till the end of time. Our salvation is owing to God's mercy, not to any merit of our own. That salvation is sure, of which he is the Author; and if he will work, none shall hinder.
Hos. 1:8-11 The rejection of Israel for a time, is signified by the name of another child: call him Lo-ammi, "not my people." The Lor disowns all relation to them. We love him, because he first loved us but our being cast out of covenant, is owing to ourselves and ou folly. Mercy is remembered in the midst of wrath; the rejection, as it shall not be total, so it shall not be final. The same hand tha wounded, is stretched forth to heal. Very precious promises are her given concerning the Israel of God, and they may be of use to us now Some think that these promises will not have accomplishment in full till the general conversion of the Jews in the latter days. Also thi promise is applied to the gospel, and the bringing in both the Jews an Gentiles to it, by St. Paul, Rom. 9:25,26, and by St. Peter, I Pet 2:10. To believe in Christ, is to have him for our Head, and willingl to commit ourselves to his guidance and government. And let us pray for the coming of the glorious day, when there shall be one Lord throug all the earth __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ויאמר 559 יהוה 3068 אליו 413 קרא 7121 שׁמו 8034 יזרעאל 3157 כי 3588 עוד 5750 מעט 4592 ופקדתי 6485 את 853 דמי 1818 יזרעאל 3157 על 5921 בית 1004 יהוא 3058 והשׁבתי 7673 ממלכות 4468 בית 1004 ישׂראל׃ 3478