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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Hosea 7:4


    CHAPTERS: Hosea 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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    King James Bible - Hosea 7:4

    They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from raising after he hath kneeded the dough, until it be leavened.

    World English Bible

    They are all adulterers. They are burning like an
    oven that the baker stops stirring, from the kneading of the dough, until it is leavened.

    Douay-Rheims - Hosea 7:4

    They are all adulterers, like an
    oven heated by the baker: the city rested a little from the mingling of the leaven, till the whole was leavened.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    They are all adulterers, as an
    oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it is leavened.

    Original Hebrew

    כלם
    3605 מנאפים 5003 כמו 3644 תנור 8574 בערה 1197 מאפה 644 ישׁבות 7673 מעיר 5782 מלושׁ 3888 בצק 1217 עד 5704 חמצתו׃ 2556

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (4) -
    Ho 4:2,12 Jer 5:7,8; 9:2 Jas 4:4

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 7:4

    Todos ellos adúlteros; son como horno encendido por el hornero, el cual cesará de despertar después que esté hecha la masa, hasta que esté leudada.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Hosea 7:4

    Verse 4. As an
    oven heated by the baker] Calmet's paraphrase on this and the following verses expresses pretty nearly the sense: Hosea makes a twofold comparison of the Israelites; to an oven, and to dough. Jeroboam set fire to his own oven-his kingdom-and put the leaven in his dough; and afterwards went to rest, that the fire might have time to heat his oven, and the leaven to raise his dough, that the false principles which he introduced might infect the whole population. This prince, purposing to make his subjects relinquish their ancient religion, put, in a certain sense, the fire to his own oven, and mixed his dough with leaven. At first he used no violence, but was satisfied with exhorting them, and proclaiming a feast.

    This fire spread very rapidly, and the dough was very soon impregnated by the leaven. All Israel was seen running to this feast, and partaking in these innovations. But what shall become of the over-the kingdom; and the bread-the people? The oven shall be consumed by these flames; the king, the princes, and the people shall be enveloped in the burning, ver. 7. Israel was put under the ashes, as a loaf well kneaded and leavened; but not being carefully turned, it was burnt on one side before those who prepared it could eat of it; and enemies and strangers came and carried off the loaf. See ver. 8, 9. Their lasting captivity was the consequence of their wickedness and their apostasy from the religion of their fathers. On this explication ver. 4-9, may be easily understood.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 4. They [are] all adulterers , etc.] King, princes, priests, and people, both in a spiritual and corporeal sense; they were all idolaters, given to idols try, eager of it, and constant in it, as the following metaphors show; and they were addicted to corporeal adultery; this was a prevailing vice among all ranks and degrees of men. So the Targum, “they all desire to lie with their neighbours’ wives;” (see Jeremiah 5:7,8 9:2); as an oven heated by the baker ; which, if understood of spiritual adultery or idolatry, denotes their eagerness after it, and fervour in it, excited by their king, or by the devil and his instruments, the priests and false prophets; and if of bodily uncleanness, it is expressive of the heat of that lust, which is sometimes signified by burning; and is stirred up by the devil and the corrupt hearts of men to such a degree as to be raised to a flame, and be like a raging fire, or a heated oven; (see Romans 1:27 Corinthians 7:9); [who] ceaseth from raising ; that is, the baker, having heated his oven, ceaseth from raising up the women to bring their bread to the bake house; or he ceaseth from waking, or from watching his oven; he lays himself down to sleep, and continues in it: after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened ; having kneaded the dough, and put in the leaven, he lets it alone to work till the whole mass is leavened, taking his rest in the mean while: as the former clause expresses the vehement desire of the people after adultery, spiritual or corporeal, this may signify their continuance in it; or rather the wilful negligence of the king, priests, and prophets, who, instead of awaking them out of their sleep on a bed of adultery, let them alone in it, until they were all infected with it.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    An exhortation to repentance. (Hos. 6:1-3)
    Israel's instability an breach of the covenant. (Hos. 6:4-11)

    Hos. 6:1-3 Those who have gone from God by consent, and in a body drawing one another to sin, should, by consent and in a body, return to him, which will be for his glory, and their good. It will be of grea use for support under afflictions, and to encourage our repentance, to keep up good thoughts of God, and of his purposes and design concerning us. Deliverance out of trouble should be to them as lif from the dead. God will revive them: the assurance of this shoul engage them to return to him. But this seems to have a furthe reference to the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Let us admire the wisdo and goodness of God, that when the prophet foretold the deliverance of the church out of her troubles, he should point out our salvation by Christ; and now these words are fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ, it confirms our faith, that this is He that should come and we are to look for no other. Here is a precious blessing promised; this is life eternal, to know God. The returns of the favour of God are secure to us as firmly as the return of the morning after a dark night. He shall come to us as the latter and former rain unto the earth, whic refreshes it, and makes it fruitful. The grace of God in Christ is bot the latter and the former rain; and by it the good work of ou fruit-bearing is begun and carried on. And as the Redeemer was raise from the grave, so will He revive the hearts and hopes of all tha trust in him. The feeblest glimpse of hope in his word, is a sure earnest of increasing light and comfort, which shall be attended with purifying, comforting grace that makes fruitful.

    Hos. 6:4-11 Sometimes Israel and Judah seemed disposed to repent unde their sufferings, but their goodness vanished like the empty mornin cloud, and the early dew, and they were as vile as ever. Therefore the Lord sent awful messages by the prophets. The word of God will be the death either of the sin or of the sinner. God desired mercy rather tha sacrifice, and that knowledge of him which produces holy fear and love This exposes the folly of those who trust in outward observances, to make up for their want of love to God and man. As Adam broke the covenant of God in paradise, so Israel had broken his nationa covenant, notwithstanding all the favours they received. Judah also wa ripe for Divine judgments. May the Lord put his fear into our hearts and set up his kingdom within us, and never leave us to ourselves, no suffer us to be overcome by temptation __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    כלם 3605 מנאפים 5003 כמו 3644 תנור 8574 בערה 1197 מאפה 644 ישׁבות 7673 מעיר 5782 מלושׁ 3888 בצק 1217 עד 5704 חמצתו׃ 2556


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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