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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Revelation 9:17


    CHAPTERS: Revelation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22     

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    King James Bible - Revelation 9:17

    And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.

    World English Bible

    Thus I saw the horses in the vision, and those who sat on them, having
    breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of lions. Out of their mouths proceed fire, smoke, and sulfur.

    Douay-Rheims - Revelation 9:17

    And thus I saw the horses in the vision: and they that sat on them, had
    breastplates of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone, and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions: and from their mouths proceeded fire, and smoke, and brimstone.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breast-plates of
    fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions: and out of their mouths issued fire, and smoke, and brimstone.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 ουτως 3779 ειδον 1492 5627 τους 3588 ιππους 2462 εν 1722 τη 3588 ορασει 3706 και 2532 τους 3588 καθημενους 2521 5740 επ 1909 αυτων 846 εχοντας 2192 5723 θωρακας 2382 πυρινους 4447 και 2532 υακινθινους 5191 και 2532 θειωδεις 2306 και 2532 αι 3588 κεφαλαι 2776 των 3588 ιππων 2462 ως 5613 κεφαλαι 2776 λεοντων 3023 και 2532 εκ 1537 των 3588 στοματων 4750 αυτων 846 εκπορευεται 1607 5736 πυρ 4442 και 2532 καπνος 2586 και 2532 θειον 2303

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (17) -
    Re 21:20

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:17

    Y así vi los caballos en la visin; y los que estaban sentados sobre ellos tenían corazas de fuego, de jacinto, y de azufre. Y las cabezas de los caballos eran como cabezas de leones, y de la boca de ellos salía fuego, humo y azufre.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Revelation 9:17

    Verse 17.
    Breastplates of fire-jacinth, and brimstone] That is, red, blue, and yellow; the first is the colour of fire, the second of jacinth, and the third of sulphur.

    And the heads of the horses] Is this an allegorical description of great ordnance? Cannons, on the mouths of which horses' heads were formed, or the mouth of the cannon cast in that form? Fire, smoke, and brimstone, is a good allegorical representation of gunpowder. The Ottomans made great use of heavy artillery in their wars with the Greeks of the lower empire.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 17. And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them , etc.] In such numbers, and with horsemen on them, and in such order, and in appearance, as follows: having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth and brimstone ; which may be understood either literally of their external breastplates, which being of polished iron, according to the custom of these people, looked at a distance like sparkling fire, and seemed to be of the colour of hyacinth, or of a sky colour, and appeared as flaming sulphur; though some think that their breastplates were of different colours, some looked like fire, others like jacinth, and others like brimstone; or it may denote that they would be accoutred in scarlet, blue, and yellow, which are the colours the Turks have commonly wore; or this may be understood of their internal breastplates, and the disposition of their minds, having in their breasts nothing but wrath, fury, desolation, and destruction; a fire devoured before them, and behind them a flame burned: and the heads of the horses [were] as the heads of lions : gaping and roaring for their prey, or all bloody with it, and looked fierce, and savage, and terrible: this designs not so much the strength, boldness, and intrepidity of their horses, which are warlike creatures, and very undaunted in battle, as of the men that sat upon them, who were like David's heroes and warriors, ( 1 Chronicles 12:8). And out of their mouths issued fire, and smoke, and brimstone ; which may be referred either to the horses, or to the horsemen, or both: some interpret this allegorically, and by fire understand either the tyranny of the Turks over their own people, or their fury against others, or their blasphemy against God, and Christ, and his people, being like so many railing Rabshakehs against the God of the Christians; and by smoke the false doctrine of Mahomet, which came out of the same bottomless pit the doctrine of the Romish antichrist did; and is fitly compared to smoke for its disagreeableness, darkness, levity, and duration; (see Gill on Revelation 9:2); and by brimstone the immorality and sad corruption of manners among the Turks, and what is allowed of, or winked at, as fornication, polygamy, sodomy, etc. but rather this is to be taken more literally, and represents the firing of guns on horseback in battle.

    Guns are a late invention, and the use of them was found out in the age this trumpet refers to; and were much made use of by the Turks in their wars, and particularly great guns or cannons; these were used by Amurath at the sieges of Belgrade, and of Constantinople f300 ; and by Mahomet the Second at the taking of Constantinople, where a gun or cannon was used of that size, as to be drawn by seventy yoke of oxen, and two thousand men f301 .

    Gunpowder set on fire is fitly signified by fire, smoke, and brimstone, which is made of nitre, charcoal, and brimstone; and the firing of guns on horseback is most aptly described by these coming out of the mouths of horses and horsemen: nor could it well appear to John to be otherwise, who could never have seen a gun, and one fired off in his life; nor could he well represent to others what he saw in vision, than in this manner.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 13-21 - The sixth angel sounded, and here the power of the Turks seems the subject. Their time is limited. They not only slew in war, but brough a poisonous and ruinous religion. The antichristian generation repente not under these dreadful judgments. From this sixth trumpet learn tha God can make one enemy of the church a scourge and a plague to another The idolatry in the remains of the eastern church and elsewhere, an the sins of professed Christians, render this prophecy and it fulfilment more wonderful. And the attentive reader of Scripture an history, may find his faith and hope strengthened by events, which i other respects fill his heart with anguish and his eyes with tears while he sees that men who escape these plagues, repent not of their evil works, but go on with idolatries, wickedness, and cruelty, til wrath comes upon them to the utmost __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 ουτως 3779 ειδον 1492 5627 τους 3588 ιππους 2462 εν 1722 τη 3588 ορασει 3706 και 2532 τους 3588 καθημενους 2521 5740 επ 1909 αυτων 846 εχοντας 2192 5723 θωρακας 2382 πυρινους 4447 και 2532 υακινθινους 5191 και 2532 θειωδεις 2306 και 2532 αι 3588 κεφαλαι 2776 των 3588 ιππων 2462 ως 5613 κεφαλαι 2776 λεοντων 3023 και 2532 εκ 1537 των 3588 στοματων 4750 αυτων 846 εκπορευεται 1607 5736 πυρ 4442 και 2532 καπνος 2586 και 2532 θειον 2303

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    17. Thus (outwv). After this manner.

    In the vision (en th opasei). Or "in my vision." See on Acts ii. 17. The reference to sight may be inserted because of I heard in ver. 16. Of fire (purinouv). Rev., "as of fire." Fiery red.

    Of jacinth (uakinqinouv). Uakinqov hyacinth is the name of a flower and also of a precious stone. The noun occurs only Apoc. xxi. 20, and the adjective only here. According to classical mythology, the flower sprang up from the blood of Hyacinthus, a beautiful Spartan youth, who was accidentally killed during a game of quoits. It was thought by some that the letters AI, AI, the exclamation of woe, could be traced on the petals, while others discovered the letter U, the initial letter of Uakinqov. The story of the slaying of Hyacinthus is told by Ovid.

    "Lo, the blood Which, on the ground outpoured, had stained the sod, Is blood no more. Brighter than Tyrian dye, Like to the lily's shape a flower appears, Purple in hue as that is silvery white. Nor yet does such memorial content Phoebus Apollo at whose word it rose. Upon its leaves he writes his own laments, And on the flower forever stands inscribed AI, AI"

    "Metamorphoses," 10., 175 sqq.

    As a stone, it is identified by some with the sapphire. As to color, the hyacinth of the Greeks seems to have comprehended the iris, gladiolus, and larkspur. Hence the different accounts of its color in classical writings, varying from red to black. A dull, dark blue seems to be meant here. Of brimstone (qeiwdeiv). Perhaps light yellow, such a color as would be produced by the settling fumes of brimstone.

    Of the horses. In the Bible the horse is always referred to in connection with war, except Isa. xxviii. 28, where it is mentioned as employed in threshing, the horses being turned loose in the grain as in the Italian triglia. The magnificent description in John xxxix. 19-25 applies to the war-horse. He is distinguished not so much for his speed and utility as for his strength (see Psalm xxxiii. 17; cxlvii. 10), and the word abbir strong is used as an equivalent for a horse (Jer. viii. 16; xlvii. 3). The Hebrews as a pastoral race, did not need the horse; and, for a long time after their settlement in Canaan, dispensed with it, partly because of the hilly nature of the country, which allowed the use of chariots only in certain places (Judges i. 19), and partly because of the prohibition in Deut. xvii. 16. Accordingly they hamstrung the horses of the Canaanites (Josh. xi. 6, 9). The great supply of horses was effected by Solomon through his connection with Egypt. See 1 Kings iv. 26.

    Proceedeth fire and smoke. Compare Virgil.

    "Then, if the sound of arms he hear from far, Quiet he cannot stand, but pricks his ears, Trembles in every limb, and snorting, rolls The gathered fire beneath his nostrils wide" "Georgics," iii, 83-85.

    Also Job xxxix. 20: "the glory of his nostrils is terrible."



    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

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