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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Zechariah 4:14

    CHAPTERS: Zechariah 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14




    King James Bible - Zechariah 4:14

    Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the LORD of the whole earth.

    World English Bible

    Then he said, "These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the
    whole earth."

    Douay-Rheims - Zechariah 4:14

    And he said: These are two sons of
    oil who stand before the Lord of the whole earth.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the
    whole earth.

    Original Hebrew

    559 אלה 428 שׁני 8147 בני 1121 היצהר 3323 העמדים 5975 על 5921 אדון 113 כל 3605 הארץ׃ 776

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (14) -
    Zec 6:13 Ex 29:7; 40:15 Le 8:12 1Sa 10:1; 16:1,12,13 Ps 2:6 *marg:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:14

    Y él dijo: Estos dos hijos de aceite son los que están delante del Señor de toda la tierra.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zechariah 4:14

    Verse 14. These are the two
    anointed ones] Joshua, the high priest; and ZerubbHebel the governor. These are anointed- appointed by the Lord; and stand by him, the one to minister in the ecclesiastical, the other in the civil state.

    Probably we may not be able to comprehend the whole of this hieroglyphical vision; for even the interpreting angel does not choose to answer the questions relative to this, which were put to him by the prophet. See ver. 4, 11. But though the particulars are hard to be understood; yet the general meaning has, I hope, been given.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 14. Then said he, These [are] the two anointed ones , etc.] Or “sons of oil” f91 . Some think the gifts and graces of the Spirit are meant, which come from the God of all grace, remain with Christ, are given freely by him to the sons of God, and are always for the service of the church, and sufficient for it; others, Christ the Son of God, and the Holy Spirit. Christ is the anointed One, or son of oil, being anointed with the Holy Ghost to the office of Prophet, Priest, and King; and with which oil he has supplied his candlestick, the church, in all ages. The Holy Spirit is the oil of gladness, and that anointing which teacheth all things. And this is the sense of Capellus, as has been observed on ( Zechariah 4:2). And the learned and judicious Pemble makes a “query” of it, whether Christ and the Comforter; or Christ in his two natures; or Christ in his two offices of King and Priest of his church; or how else the words are to be understood: and this was the sense of Origen long ago, though censured by Jerom; it may be the rather, because he interprets the candlestick of the Father. But these epithets, “anointed ones”, and “sons of oil”, are very suitable to them; the one being called the Messiah, or anointed; and the other the unction, and the oil of gladness: and indeed, if by the golden oil emptied out of them is meant the grace of God, as it frequently signifies in Scripture, no other can be meant; since they are the inexhaustible fountain of all grace and gifts to the church in all ages, whereby it is supplied and supported; and may be said to “stand before the Lord of the whole earth”, God the Father; who does not immediately by himself administer to the church, but by Christ the Head of it; and Christ communicates by his Spirit, whom he sends from himself, and from the Father: and the rather they may be thought to be meant, since the ministers of the word seem to be designed by the seven lamps which receive the oil, or gifts and graces of the Spirit, fitting them for their work, from the bowl on the top of the candlestick, which is supplied with it from these two olive trees; and therefore must be distinct from them, or otherwise they will be said to be supplied from themselves: though, whereas both Christ and the Spirit communicate by the word and the ordinances, administered by the faithful dispensers of the word; hence those witnesses of Christ, in all ages, may with propriety enough be called two anointed ones, and “the two olive trees”, as they are in ( Revelation 11:4) where there is a plain allusion to this passage. The Targum renders the words, “these are the two sons of princes”, or “great men”. Some Jewish writers interpret them of their two Messiahs, Messiah ben Joseph, and Messiah ben David f92 . Some interpreters understand by them Enoch and Elias; others Peter and Paul; others, better, with Kimchi and Ben Melech, Joshua and Zerubbabel, the one anointed for the priesthood, and the other for the kingdom; of which two offices Jarchi interprets them; and others the two churches, Jewish and Christian. That stand by the Lord of the whole earth ; the Creator and Governor of the universe: ministers of the word are on his side, abide by his truths and ordinances, and are faithful to his cause and interest: or, “before the Lord of the whole earth” f93 ; they are his ministers, and serve him; they “stand”, as it becomes them, which shows their work is not done; and that it is the Lord’s work they are engaged in; and that they continue and persevere in it: likewise it shows that they are under his eye, notice, dispose, care, and protection; that they are in his favour, and enjoy his presence. How this may be applied to the two divine Persons standing by or before God the Father has been before observed, and to be understood of them as in their office capacity.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 11-14 - Zechariah desires to know what are the two olive
    trees. Zerubbabel an Joshua, this prince and this priest, were endued with the gifts an graces of God's Spirit. They lived at the same time, and both wer instruments in the work and service of God. Christ's offices of Kin and Priest were shadowed forth by them. From the union of these tw offices in his person, both God and man, the fullness of grace is received and imparted. They built the temple, the church of God. S does Christ spiritually. Christ is not only the Messiah, the Anointe One himself, but he is the Good Olive to his church; and from his fulness we receive. And the Holy Spirit is the unction or anointin which we have received. From Christ the Olive Tree, by the Spirit the Olive Branch, all the golden oil of grace flows to believers, whic keeps their lamps burning. Let us seek, through the intercession an bounty of the Saviour, supplies from that fulness which has hithert sufficed for all his saints, according to their trials and employments Let us wait on him in his ordinances, desiring to be sanctified wholl in body, soul, and spirit __________________________________________________________________

    Original Hebrew

    ויאמר 559 אלה 428 שׁני 8147 בני 1121 היצהר 3323 העמדים 5975 על 5921 אדון 113 כל 3605 הארץ׃ 776

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14


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