SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:7 Â¿Quién eres tú, oh gran monte delante de Zorobabel? Serás reducido a llanura. El sacará la primera piedra con aclamaciones de Gracia, gracia a ella.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zechariah 4:7 Verse 7. O great mountain?] The hinderances which were thrown in the way; the regal prohibition to discontinue the building of the temple.
Before ZerubbHebel-a plain] The sovereign power of God shall remove them. March on, ZerubbHebel; all shall be made plain and smooth before thee. I have given thee the work to do, and I will remove all hinderances out of thy way.
He shall bring forth the headstone] As he has laid the foundation stone, so shall he put on the headstone: as he has begun the building, so shall he finish it! With shoutings] The universal acclamation of the people.
Grace, grace unto it.] How beautiful is this structure! May the favour of God ever rest upon it, and be manifested in it!
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 7. Who art thou, O great mountain ? etc.] This is said in reference to those who opposed the building of the temple, as Sanballat, and others; or the Persian monarchy, and Babylon the capital of it; a mountain being a symbol of a kingdom, or capital city; so Babylon is called, ( Jeremiah 51:25) hence the Targum paraphrases the words thus, “how art thou accounted a foolish kingdom before Zerubbabel!” and may denote the opposition made to Christ, and to the building of his church, both by Rome Pagan and Rome Papal; Rome is signified by a burning mountain cast into the sea, ( Revelation 8:8) and may include all the enemies of the church and people of God, as sin, Satan, and the world; who, though they may look like high and great mountains, and make much opposition, and throw many difficulties in their way, yet in the issue will he of no avail; (see Gill on “ Isaiah 49:11”). Some Jewish writers f87 , by “the great mountain”, understand the Messiah, but very wrongly; for he is designed by Zerubbabel in the next clause; but not by the “headstone”, as the Targum interprets it: before Zerubbabel [thou shall become] a plain ; as all opposition and difficulties were surmounted by Zerubbabel in building the temple; so all vanish and disappear before Christ, the antitype of Zerubbabel, in the building up of his church, through the conversion of sinners, and in the protection and preservation of it: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof] ; that is, he, Zerubbabel, shall finish the building of the temple, as in ( Zechariah 4:9) the headstone being the last and uppermost stone in the building, which is last laid, and completes the whole; and in the spiritual sense designs, not Christ the headstone of the corner, for it is he that is Zerubbabel’s antitype, who brings it in; but the last man that will be converted, when the number of God’s elect will be completed in regeneration: they are all in Christ’s hands, and under his care; before conversion they are secretly his, his hidden ones; in conversion he brings them forth, and makes them to appear what they are; and, when the last of this number is born again, the church of the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven, will be wholly built, and nothing wanting in it; and the work of grace will have the last hand put to it, and be perfect in all. Christ is indeed sometimes called the headstone of the corner, and the chief cornerstone, ( <19B822> Psalm 118:22 Ephesians 2:20) and he is the principal one in the spiritual building the church; he is the foundation stone, on which the whole is laid; and he is the cornerstone, that joins, knits, and keeps all together; he is both the stability, safety, and ornament of the building; Christ is the first, but not the last stone laid, which this must be: rather the perfection of grace is designed, or the bringing of the work of God to perfection; which may be signified hereby, in allusion to an edifice, which, when the last or top stone is laid, is then completed; and, if taken in this sense, must be understood, not of justifying grace, which is complete at once; Christ’s righteousness being a perfect justifying righteousness, and every believer complete in it; but of sanctifying grace, which, though, as to the principle of it, is all wrought together, yet is not at once perfected; it is gradually brought to perfection; there is a perfection of parts, but not of degrees; no man is perfectly holy in himself, only as he is in Christ; but holiness in the saint will be perfected, for without it no man can see the Lord; and this is done at death in every individual believer; and then follows a state of sinless perfection; and the last measure of grace given, which perfects the work, may be called the headstone, the crowning, finishing part: and this wilt be brought in by Christ, the author and finisher of faith; who is a rock, and his work is perfect; he is able to do it; and who so fit, as he who is full of grace? and who so proper, as the master builder, and Head of the church? this grace, which perfects all, is in Christ; he brings it out from himself, in whom it has pleased the Father all fulness should dwell: but it is best of all to interpret the headstone of the last of the elect of God, and redeemed of the Lamb, that will be called by grace; who has this name, not from any superior excellency in him to any of the other lively stones, laid in the spiritual building; but because he is the last that is put there; and which shows, that not one of those God has chosen, and Christ has redeemed, shall be lost; it is the will of God, and it is the care of Christ, that none should perish, but all should come to repentance, to the glory of his rich grace; or otherwise the building would not be complete, nor the church the fulness of him that filleth all in all. The Targum indeed paraphrases the words of Christ, “and he shall reveal his Christ, whose name is said from eternity, and he shall rule over all kingdoms:” and mention being made of a capital and principal stone, in this vision of the candlestick, may put one in mind of the stone the Jews speak of, which was before the candlestick in the temple, which had three steps, and on which the priest stood, and trimmed the lamps: and this will be attended [with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it ; as the people of the Jews shouted, when the first stone was laid in the foundation of the temple, ( Ezra 3:11-13) so it is here intimated that their acclamations would be very great when the last stone would be brought in, and the building finished; which they would ascribe to the grace, favour, and good will of God to them: so likewise, as the work of conversion is wholly owing to the grace of God, an abundance of which is displayed in it; when it is finished in the hearts of all the Lord’s people, and the last man designed to be called by it is converted, and so the spiritual building of the church finished; this will be attended with the shouts of angels, who rejoice at the conversion of every sinner, and much more when all the elect are gathered in; and the acclamations of all the saints, for the marriage of the Lamb, will now be come, and the church be ready, as a bride prepared for her husband; (see Revelation 19:6-8 21:2,3). The repetition of the phrase, “grace, grace”, denotes that the work of conversion in all the saints, from the first to the last, is only owing to the grace of God, and not to any merit, motive, and condition in man; that they are saved and called, not according to their works, but according to the purpose and grace of God, his abundant mercy, free favour, and great love; and that this grace is exceeding abundant, which is displayed in the conversion of a single individual; and how large and copious must it be, which is given forth to them all. It is also expressive of the vehemency of those that use the phrase; and shows that they have a deep sense of it on their hearts; and are warmed, and glow with it; and cannot sufficiently express their admiration of it; and strive to magnify it to the uttermost of their power, being sensible of their obligations to God for it, and what gratitude is due to him on account of it: and this will be the cry of every saint in glory, throughout the endless ages of eternity; nor will the least sound be heard that is jarring, or contrary to it; all will be of one mind, and in one tone, and strive to outdo each other in exalting the free grace of God in the highest strains, with the greatest fervency of soul, and with the loudest acclamations, and those continually repeated.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-7 - The prophet's spirit was willing to attend, but the flesh was weak. We should beg of God that, whenever he speaks to us, he would awaken us and we should then stir up ourselves. The church is a golde candlestick, or lamp-bearer, set up for enlightening this dark world and holding forth the light of Divine revelation. Two olive trees wer seen, one on each side the candlestick, from which oil flowed into the bowl without ceasing. God brings to pass his gracious purpose concerning his church, without any art or labour of man; sometimes he makes use of his instruments, yet he needs them not. This represente the abundance of Divine grace, for the enlightening and making holy the ministers and members of the church, and which cannot be procured of prevented by any human power. The vision assures us that the good wor of building the temple, should be brought to a happy end. The difficulty is represented as a great mountain. But all difficultie shall vanish, and all the objections be got over. Faith will remov mountains, and make them plains. Christ is our Zerubbabel; mountains of difficulty were in the way of his undertaking, but nothing is too har for him. What comes from the grace of God, may, in faith, be committe to the grace of God, for he will not forsake the work of his own hands.
Original Hebrew מי 4310 אתה 859 הר 2022 הגדול 1419 לפני 6440 זרבבל 2216 למישׁר 4334 והוציא 3318 את 853 האבן 68 הראשׁה 7222 תשׁאות 8663 חן 2580 חן׃ 2580