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    CHAPTERS: Nahum 1, 2, 3     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13




    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Nahum 2:3

    διοτι 1360 απεστρεψεν 654 5656 κυριος 2962 την 3588 υβριν 5196 ιακωβ 2384 καθως 2531 υβριν 5196 του 3588 ισραηλ 2474 διοτι 1360 εκτινασσοντες εξετιναξαν αυτους 846 και 2532 τα 3588 κληματα 2814 αυτων 846 διεφθειραν

    Douay Rheims Bible

    The shield of his mighty
    men is like fire, the men of the army are clad in scarlet, the reins of the chariot are flaming in the day of his preparation, and the drivers are stupefied.

    King James Bible - Nahum 2:3

    The shield of his mighty
    men is made red, the valiant men are in scarlet: the chariots shall be with flaming torches in the day of his preparation, and the fir trees shall be terribly shaken.

    World English Bible

    The shield of his mighty
    men is made red. The valiant men are in scarlet. The chariots flash with steel in the day of his preparation, and the pine spears are brandished.

    World Wide Bible Resources

    Nahum 2:3

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvi Pg 4
    Isa. lxii. 10 to end, Isa. lxiii. 1–6.

    Anf-02 vi.ii.xii Pg 16.1

    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 10.1

    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xl Pg 24
    Isa. lxiii. 1 (Sept. slightly altered).

    The prophetic Spirit contemplates the Lord as if He were already on His way to His passion, clad in His fleshly nature; and as He was to suffer therein, He represents the bleeding condition of His flesh under the metaphor of garments dyed in red, as if reddened in the treading and crushing process of the wine-press, from which the labourers descend reddened with the wine-juice, like men stained in blood.  Much more clearly still does the book of Genesis foretell this, when (in the blessing of Judah, out of whose tribe Christ was to come according to the flesh) it even then delineated Christ in the person of that patriarch,5092

    5092 In Juda.

    saying, “He washed His garments in wine, and His clothes in the blood of grapes5093


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxv Pg 39
    This passage it is not easy to identify. [See Is. lxiii. 3.] The books point to Isa. lxv. 5, but there is there no trace of it.

    Therefore He reckoned them “as the drop of a bucket,”4502


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxv Pg 40
    Isa. xl. 15. [Compare Is. lxiii. 3. Sept.]

    while “Sion He left as a look-out4503

    4503 Speculam.

    in a vineyard.”4504


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xlvi Pg 4
    Easy enough, by the LXX. See Isaiah lxiii. 3. καὶ τῶν εθνῶν οὐκ ἔστιν ἀνὴρ μετ᾽ εμοῦ. The first verse, referring to Edom, leads our author to accentuate this point of Gentile ignorance.

    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xv Pg 29
    1 Kings iii. 5–13.

    But with respect to this man, since, when a choice was left to him, he preferred asking for what he knew to be well-pleasing to God—even wisdom—he further merited the attainment of the riches, which he did not prefer. The endowing of a man indeed with riches, is not an incongruity to God, for by the help of riches even rich men are comforted and assisted; moreover, by them many a work of justice and charity is carried out. But yet there are serious faults4009

    4009 Vitia.

    which accompany riches; and it is because of these that woes are denounced on the rich, even in the Gospel. “Ye have received,” says He, “your consolation;”4010


    Anf-03 Pg 6
    Dan. ii. 19, 20; iii. 28, 29; iv. 34, 37" id="" parsed="|Dan|2|19|2|20;|Dan|3|28|3|29;|Dan|4|34|0|0;|Dan|4|37|0|0" osisRef="Bible:Dan.2.19-Dan.2.20 Bible:Dan.3.28-Dan.3.29 Bible:Dan.4.34 Bible:Dan.4.37">Dan. ii. 19, 20; iii. 28, 29; iv. 34, 37.

    Now, if the title of Father may be claimed for (Marcion’s) sterile god, how much more for the Creator? To none other than Him is it suitable, who is also “the Father of mercies,”5683


    Anf-01 Pg 4
    This prophecy occurs not in Jeremiah, but in Dan. vii. 13.

    His words are: “Behold, as the Son of man He cometh in the clouds of heaven, and His angels with Him.”1875


    Anf-01 Pg 5
    Dan. vii. 13.

    Anf-01 ix.iv.xx Pg 17
    Dan. vii. 13.

    —all these things did the Scriptures prophesy of Him.

    Anf-01 Pg 11
    Dan. vii. 13.

    bringing on the day which burns as a furnace,4263

    4263 Mal. iv. 1.

    and smiting the earth with the word of His mouth,4264


    Anf-01 Pg 53
    Dan. vii. 13.

    and those who declared regarding Him, “They shall look on Him whom they have pierced,”4294


    Anf-01 Pg 48
    Dan. vii. 13, 14.

    and as smiting all temporal kingdoms, and as blowing them away (ventilans ea), and as Himself filling all the earth. Then, too, is this same individual beheld as the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven, and drawing near to the Ancient of Days, and receiving from Him all power and glory, and a kingdom. “His dominion,” it is said, “is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom shall not perish.”4100


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.vii Pg 14
    Dan. vii. 13, 14.

    Then indeed He shall have both a glorious form, and an unsullied beauty above the sons of men. “Thou art fairer,” says (the Psalmist), “than the children of men; grace is poured into Thy lips; therefore God hath blessed Thee for ever. Gird Thy sword upon Thy thigh, O most mighty, with Thy glory and Thy majesty.”3192


    Anf-03 v.iv.iv.xxiv Pg 39
    Dan. vii. 13.

    ) and so shall we ever be with the Lord,3472


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.x Pg 42
    Dan. vii. 13.

    What I have advanced might have been sufficient concerning the designation in prophecy of the Son of man. But the Scripture offers me further information, even in the interpretation of the Lord Himself. For when the Jews, who looked at Him as merely man, and were not yet sure that He was God also, as being likewise the Son of God, rightly enough said that a man could not forgive sins, but God alone, why did He not, following up their point3801

    3801 Secundum intentionem eorum.

    about man, answer them, that He3802

    3802 Eum: that is, man.

    had power to remit sins; inasmuch as, when He mentioned the Son of man, He also named a human being? except it were because He wanted, by help of the very designation “Son of man” from the book of Daniel, so to induce them to reflect3803

    3803 Repercutere.

    as to show them that He who remitted sins was God and man—that only Son of man, indeed, in the prophecy of Daniel, who had obtained the power of judging, and thereby, of course, of forgiving sins likewise (for He who judges also absolves); so that, when once that objection of theirs3804

    3804 Scandalo isto.

    was shattered to pieces by their recollection of Scripture, they might the more easily acknowledge Him to be the Son of man Himself by His own actual forgiveness of sins. I make one more observation,3805

    3805 Denique.

    how that He has nowhere as yet professed Himself to be the Son of God—but for the first time in this passage, in which for the first time He has remitted sins; that is, in which for the first time He has used His function of judgment, by the absolution. All that the opposite side has to allege in argument against these things, (I beg you) carefully weigh3806

    3806 Dispice.

    what it amounts to. For it must needs strain itself to such a pitch of infatuation as, on the one hand, to maintain that (their Christ) is also Son of man, in order to save Him from the charge of falsehood; and, on the other hand, to deny that He was born of woman, lest they grant that He was the Virgin’s son.  Since, however, the divine authority and the nature of the case, and common sense, do not admit this insane position of the heretics, we have here the opportunity of putting in a veto3807

    3807 Interpellandi.

    in the briefest possible terms, on the substance of Christ’s body, against Marcion’s phantoms. Since He is born of man, being the Son of man. He is body derived from body.3808

    3808 Corpus ex corpore.

    You may, I assure you,3809

    3809 Plane: introducing the sharp irony.

    more easily find a man born without a heart or without brains, like Marcion himself, than without a body, like Marcion’s Christ. And let this be the limit to your examination of the heart, or, at any rate, the brains of the heretic of Pontus.3810

    3810 This is perhaps the best sense of T.’s sarcasm: “Atque adeo (thus far) inspice cor Pontici aut (or else) cerebrum.”

    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxix Pg 37
    Dan. vii. 13.

    etc. “And there was given unto Him the kingly power,”5049


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xli Pg 19
    Dan. vii. 13.

    and of David’s Psalm, that He would “sit at the right hand of God.”5111


    Anf-03 Pg 23
    Tertullian, as usual, argues from the Septuagint, which in the latter clause of Ps. cx. 3 has ἐκ γαστρὸς πρὸ ἑωσφόρου ἐγέννησά σε; and so the Vulgate version has it. This Psalm has been variously applied by the Jews. Raschi (or Rabbi Sol. Jarchi) thinks it is most suitable to Abraham, and possibly to David, in which latter view D. Kimchi agrees with him.  Others find in Solomon the best application; but more frequently is Hezekiah thought to be the subject of the Psalm, as Tertullian observes. Justin Martyr (in Dial. cum Tryph.) also notices this application of the Psalm. But Tertullian in the next sentence appears to recognize the sounder opinion of the older Jews, who saw in this Ps. cx. a prediction of Messiah.  This opinion occurs in the Jerusalem Talmud, in the tract Berachoth, 5. Amongst the more recent Jews who also hold the sounder view, may be mentioned Rabbi Saadias Gaon, on Dan. vii. 13, and R. Moses Hadarsan [singularly enough quoted by Raschi in another part of his commentary (Gen. xxxv. 8)], with others who are mentioned by Wetstein, On the New Testament, Matt. xxii. 44. Modern Jews, such as Moses Mendelsohn, reject the Messianic sense; and they are followed by the commentators of the Rationalist school amongst ourselves and in Germany. J. Olshausen, after Hitzig, comes down in his interpretation of the Psalm as late as the Maccabees, and sees a suitable accomplishment of its words in the honours heaped upon Jonathan by Alexander son of Antiochus Epiphanes (see 1 Macc. x. 20). For the refutation of so inadequate a commentary, the reader is referred to Delitzch on Ps. cx. The variations of opinion, however, in this school, are as remarkable as the fluctuations of the Jewish writers. The latest work on the Psalms which has appeared amongst us (Psalms, chronologically arranged, by four Friends), after Ewald, places the accomplishment of Ps. cx. in what may be allowed to have been its occasionDavid’s victories over the neighboring heathen.

    are applicable to Hezekiah, and to the birth of Hezekiah. We on our side5602

    5602 Nos.

    have published Gospels (to the credibility of which we have to thank5603

    5603 Debemus.


    5604 Istos: that is, the Jews (Rigalt.).

    for having given some confirmation, indeed, already in so great a subject5605

    5605 Utique jam in tanto opere.

    ); and these declare that the Lord was born at night, that so it might be “before the morning star,” as is evident both from the star especially, and from the testimony of the angel, who at night announced to the shepherds that Christ had at that moment been born,5606

    5606 Natum esse quum maxime.

    and again from the place of the birth, for it is towards night that persons arrive at the (eastern) “inn.” Perhaps, too, there was a mystic purpose in Christ’s being born at night, destined, as He was, to be the light of the truth amidst the dark shadows of ignorance. Nor, again, would God have said, “I have begotten Thee,” except to His true Son.  For although He says of all the people (Israel), “I have begotten5607

    5607 Generavi: Sept. ἐγέννησα.



    Anf-03 v.vii.xv Pg 7
    Dan. vii. 13.

    The Apostle Paul likewise says: “The man Christ Jesus is the one Mediator between God and man.”7154


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiv Pg 11
    See Dan. vii. 13, 14.

    Then, assuredly, is He to have an honourable mien, and a grace not “deficient more than the sons of men;” for (He will then be) “blooming in beauty in comparison with the sons of men.”1454

    1454 See c. ix. med.

    Grace,” says the Psalmist, “hath been outpoured in Thy lips: wherefore God hath blessed Thee unto eternity. Gird Thee Thy sword around Thy thigh, most potent in Thy bloom and beauty!”1455

    1455 See c. ix. med.

    while the Father withal afterwards, after making Him somewhat lower than angels, “crowned Him with glory and honour and subjected all things beneath His feet.”1456


    Anf-03 v.viii.xxii Pg 6
    Joel iii. 9–15; Dan. vii. 13, 14.

    ), that “there should be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars, distress of nations with perplexity, the sea and the waves roaring, men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth.”7416


    Npnf-201 Pg 57

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 2

    VERSE 	(3) - 

    Isa 63:1-3 Zec 1:8; 6:2 Re 6:4; 12:3


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