Verse 10. "Shall the hand of the Lord rest "The hand of JEHOVAH shall give rest"" - Hebrews jwnt tenuach, quiescet. Annon jynt taniach, quietem dabit, shall rest; shall give rest, ut Graeci, anapausin dwsei, et Copt.?-Mr. WOIDE. That is, "shall give peace and quiet to Sion, by destroying the enemy; " as it follows.
"As straw is trodden down "As the straw is threshed"" - Hoc junta ritum loquitur Palastinae et multarum Orientis provinciarum, quae ob pratorum et foeni penuriam paleas preparant esui animantium. Sunt autem carpenta ferrata rotis per medium in serrarum modum se volventibus, quae stipulam conterunt; et comminuunt in paleas. Quomodo igitur plaustris ferratis paleae conteruntur, sic conteretur Moab sub eo; sive sub Dei potentia, sive in semetipso, ut nihil in eo integri remaneat. "This is spoken in reference to the mode of threshing in Palestine, and various other Asiatic provinces.
Because of the scarcity of meadow land and hay they make chopped straw for the cattle. They have large wheels studded over with iron teeth or nails, by which, on the out-of-door threshing-floors, they pound and reduce the straw into chaff. As, therefore, the straw is reduced to chaff by bringing the iron-shod wheel over it; so shall Moab be bruised by the power of God, that nothing whole shall remain." -Hieron. in loc. See the note on chap. xxviii. 27.
"For the dunghill "Under the wheels of the car."" - For hnmdm madmenah, the Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read hbkrm mercabah, which I have followed. See Josh. xv. 31, compared with xix. 5, where there is a mistake very nearly the same. The keri, ymb bemi, is confirmed by twenty-eight MSS., seven ancient, and three editions.
Verse 11. "As he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim "As he that sinketh stretcheth out his hands to swim"" - There is great obscurity in this place: some understand God as the agent; others, Moab. I have chosen the latter sense, as I cannot conceive that the stretching out of the hands of a swimmer in swimming can be any illustration of the action of God stretching out his hands over Moab to destroy it. I take hjh hashshocheh, altering the point on the sin. on the authority of the Septuagint, to be the participle of hj shachah, the same with jw shuach, and jj shachach, to bow down, to be depressed; and that the prophet designed a paronomasia here, a figure which he frequently uses between the similar words jh shachah, and twj shechoth. As wytjt tachtaiv, in his place, or on the spot, as we say in the preceding verse, gives us an idea of the sudden and complete destruction of Moab; so wbrqb bekirbo, in the midst of him, means that this destruction shall be open, and exposed to the view of all: the neighbouring nations shall plainly see him struggling against it, as a man in the midst of the deep waters exerts all his efforts by swimming, to save himself from drowning. - L.