Verse 13. "If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath" - The meaning of this seems to be, that they should be careful not to take their pleasure on the Sabbath day, by paying visits, and taking country jaunts; not going, as Kimchi interprets it, more than a Sabbath day's journey, which was only two thousand cubits beyond the city's suburbs. How vilely is this rule transgressed by the inhabitants of this land! They seem to think that the Sabbath was made only for their recreation! From doing thy pleasure] The Septuagint, Syriac, and Chaldee, for tw[ asoth, manifestly express tw[m measoth. So likewise a MS. has it, but with the omission of the words ūlgr tb shabbath raglecha. - L.
"The holy of the Lord "And the holy feast of JEHOVAH"" - Twenty- eight MSS. (seven ancient) add the conjunction w vau, wdqlw velikedosh; and so the Syriac, Chaldee, and Vulgate. One of my own has the same reading.
"Nor speaking thine own words "From speaking vain words."" - It is necessary to add some epithet to make out the sense; the Septuagint say, angry words; the Chaldee, words of violence. If any such epithet is lost here, the safest way is to supply it by the prophet's own expression, ver. 9, wa rbdw vedabar aven, vain words; that is, profane, impious, injurious, &c.
"The additional epithet seems unnecessary; the Vulgate and Spriac have it not; and the sense is good without it; two ways, first by taking rbdw vedabar for a noun, and rbd dabur for the participle pahul, and rendering,] 'From pursuing thy pleasure, and the thing resolved on.' Or, secondly, by supposing the force of the preposition m mem to have been continued from the verb awxmm mimmetso to the verb rbdw vedabber immediately following; and rendering,] 'From executing thy pleasure, and from speaking words concerning it.' But the first seems the easier rendering." -Dr. JUBB.
Verse 14. "Then shalt thou delight thyself" - If all fasts and religious observances be carried on in the spirit and manner recommended above, God's blessing will attend every ordinance. But in public fasts, prescribed not in the Book of God, but by the rulers of nations in general (very unfit persons) care should be taken that the cause is good, and that God's blessing may be safely implored in it.
France has lately fasted and prayed that they might be able to subjugate Spain, restore and establish the horrible inquisition, and utterly destroy all the liberties of the people! Is this such a fast as God hath chosen?-A.D. 1823.