SEV Biblia, Chapter 58:4 He aquí que para contiendas y debates ayunáis, y para herir con el puño inicuamente. No ayunéis como hasta aquí, para que vuestra voz sea oída en lo alto.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 58:4 Verse 4. Ye fast for strife and debate] How often is this the case! A whole nation are called to fast to implore God's blessing on wars carried on for the purposes of wrath and ambition.
To smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day "To smite with the fist the poor. Wherefore fast ye unto me in this manner"] I follow the version of the Septuagint, which gives a much better sense than the present reading of the Hebrew. Instead of al [r resha lo, they seem to have read in their copy yl hm l[ r rash al mah lli. The four first letters are the same, but otherwise divided in regard to the words; the four last are lost, and a aleph added in their place, in order to make some sort of sense with l [r . The version of the Septuagint is, kai tuptete tugmaiv tapeinon ina ti moi nhsteuete--as above.
Matthew Henry Commentary
Hypocrisy reproved. (Is. 58:1,2) A counterfeit and a true fast, with promises to real godliness, and, (Is. 58:3-12) to the keeping the sabbath. (Is. 58:13,14)
Is. 58:1,2 The Holy Spirit had hypocrites of every age in view Self-love and timid Christians may say, Spare thyself; dislike to the cross and other motives will say, "Spare the rich and powerful;" but God says, "Spare not:" and we must obey God, not men. We all nee earnestly to pray for God's assistance in examining ourselves. Men ma go far toward heaven, yet come short; and they may go to hell with good reputation.
Is. 58:3-12 A fast is a day to afflict the soul; if it does not expres true sorrow for sin, and does not promote the putting away of sin, it is not a fast. These professors had shown sorrow on stated of occasioned fasts. But they indulged pride, covetousness, and malignan passions. To be liberal and merciful is more acceptable to God tha mere fasting, which, without them, is vain and hypocritical. Many wh seem humble in God's house, are hard at home, and harass their families. But no man's faith justifies, which does not work by love Yet persons, families, neighbourhoods, churches, or nations, sho repentance and sorrow for sin, by keeping a fast sincerely, and, from right motives, repenting, and doing good works. The heavy yoke of sin and oppression must be removed. As sin and sorrow dry the bones an weaken the strongest human constitution; so the duties of kindness an charity strengthen and refresh both body and mind. Those who do justl and love mercy, shall have the comfort, even in this world. Good work will bring the blessing of God, provided they are done from love to God and man, and wrought in the soul by the Holy Spirit.
Is. 58:13,14 The sabbath is a sign between God and his professin people; his appointing it is a sign of his favour to them; and their observing it is a sign of their obedience to him. We must turn from travelling on that day; from doing our pleasure on that holy day without the control and restraint of conscience; or from indulging in the pleasures of sense. On sabbath days we must not follow ou callings, or our pleasures. In all we say and do, we must put difference between this day and other days. Even in Old Testament time the sabbath was called the Lord's day, and is fitly called so still and for a further reason, it is the Lord Christ's day, Rev. 1:10. If we thus remember the sabbath day to keep it holy, we shall have the comfort and profit of it, and have reason to say, It is good to dra near to God __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew הן 2005 לריב 7379 ומצה 4683 תצומו 6684 ולהכות 5221 באגרף 106 רשׁע 7562 לא 3808 תצומו 6684 כיום 3117 להשׁמיע 8085 במרום 4791 קולכם׃ 6963