SEV Biblia, Chapter 45:1 Â¶ Así dice el SEÑOR a su Mesías, Ciro, al cual yo tomé por su mano derecha, para sujetar gentiles delante de él, y desatar lomos de reyes. Para abrir delante de él puertas; y las puertas no se cerrarán:
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 45:1 Verse 1. Loose the loins of kings "ungird the loins of kings"] See the note on chap. v. 27. Xenophon gives the following list of the nations conquered by Cyrus: the Syrians, Assyrians, Arabians, Cappadocians, both the Phrygians, Lydians, Carians, Phoenicians, Babylonians. He moreover reigned over the Bactrians, Indians, Cilicians, the Sacae Paphlagones, and ldariandyni. - Cyrop., lib. i. p. 4, Edit. Hutchinson, Quarto. All these kingdoms he acknowledges, in his decree for the restoration of the Jews, to have been given to him by JEHOVAH, the God of heaven. Ezra i. 2.
To open before him the two leaved gates, &c. "That I may open before him the valves; and the gates shall not be shut"] The gates of Babylon within the city leading from the streets to the river, were providentially left open, when Cyrus's forces entered the city in the night through the channel of the river, in the general disorder occasioned by the great feast which was then celebrated; otherwise, says Herodotus, i. 191, the Persians would have been shut up in the bed of the river, and taken as in a net, and all destroyed. And the gates of the palace were opened imprudently by the king's orders, to inquire what was the cause of the tumult without; when the two parties under Gobrias and Gadatas rushed in, got possession of the palace, and slew the king. - XENOPH., Cyrop. vii. p. 528.
Matthew Henry Commentary
The deliverance of the Jews by Cyrus. (Is. 45:1-4) God calls for obedience to his almighty power. (Is. 45:5-10) The settlement of his people. (Is. 45:11-19) The conversion of the Gentiles. (Is. 45:20-25)
Is. 45:1-4 Cyrus is called God's anointed; he was designed an qualified for his great service by the counsel of God. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyru marched his army into the empty channel. The Lord went before him giving entrance to the cities he besieged. He gave him also treasures which had been hidden in secret places. The true God was to Cyrus a unknown God; yet God foreknew him; he called him by his name. The exac fulfilment of this must have shown Cyrus that Jehovah was the only tru God, and that it was for the sake of Israel that he was prospered. I all the changes of states and kingdoms, God works out the good of his church.
Is. 45:5-10 There is no God beside Jehovah. There is nothing don without him. He makes peace, put here for all good; and creates evil not the evil of sin, but the evil of punishment. He is the Author of all that is true, holy, good, or happy; and evil, error, and misery came into the world by his permission, through the wilful apostacy of his creatures, but are restrained and overruled to his righteou purpose. This doctrine is applied, for the comfort of those tha earnestly longed, yet quietly waited, for the redemption of Israel. The redemption of sinners by the Son of God, and the pouring out the Spirit, to give success to the gospel, are chiefly here intended. We must not expect salvation without righteousness; together the Lord hat created them. Let not oppressors oppose God's designs for his people Let not the poor oppressed murmur, as if God dealt unkindly with them Men are but earthen pots; they are broken potsherds, and are very muc made so by mutual contentions. To contend with Him is as senseless a for clay to find fault with the potter. Let us turn God's promises int prayers, beseeching him that salvation may abound among us, and let u rest assured that the Judge of all the earth will do right.
Is. 45:11-19 Believers may ask in prayer for what they need; if for their good, it will not be withheld. But how common to hear God calle to account for his dealings with man! Cyrus provided for the returnin Jews. Those redeemed by Christ shall be provided for. The restoratio would convince many, and convert some; and all that truly join the Lord, find his service perfect freedom. Though God be his people's God and Saviour, yet sometimes he lays them under his frowns; but let the wait upon the Lord who hides his face. There is a world without end and it will be well or ill with us, according as it shall be with us in that world. The Lord we serve and trust, is God alone. All that God ha said is plain, satisfactory, and just. As God in his word calls us to seek him, so he never denied believing prayers, nor disappointe believing expectations. He gives grace sufficient, and comfort an satisfaction of soul.
Is. 45:20-25 The nations are exhorted to draw near to Jehovah. Non besides is able to help; he is the Saviour, who can save without the assistance of any, but without whom none can save. If the heart i brought into the obedience of Christ, the knee will cheerfully obey his commands. To Christ men shall come from every nation for blessings; all that hate his cause shall be put to shame, and all believers shal rejoice in him as their Friend and Portion. All must come to him: ma we now come to him as the Lord our Righteousness, walking according to his commandments __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew כה 3541 אמר 559 יהוה 3068 למשׁיחו 4899 לכורשׁ 3566 אשׁר 834 החזקתי 2388 בימינו 3225 לרד 7286 לפניו 6440 גוים 1471 ומתני 4975 מלכים 4428 אפתח 6605 לפתח 6605 לפניו 6440 דלתים 1817 ושׁערים 8179 לא 3808 יסגרו׃ 5462