SEV Biblia, Chapter 45:3 y te daré los tesoros escondidos, y los secretos muy guardados, para que sepas que yo soy el SEÑOR, el Dios de Israel, que te pongo nombre.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Isaiah 45:3 Verse 3. I will gave thee the treasures of darkness] Sardes and Babylon, when taken by Cyrus, were the wealthiest cities in the world. Croesus, celebrated beyond all the kings of that age for his riches, gave up his treasures to Cyrus, with an exact account in writing of the whole, containing the particulars with which each wagon was loaded when they were carried away; and they were delivered to Cyrus at the palace of Babylon. - Xenoph. Cyrop. lib. vii. p. 503, 515, 540.
Pliny gives the following account of the wealth taken by Cyrus in Asia.
Jam Cyrus devicta Asia, pondo xxxiv. millia auri invenerat; praeter vasa aurea, aurumque factum, et in eo folia, ac platanum, vitemque. Qua victoria argenti quingenta millia talentorum reportavit; et craterem Semiramidis, cuius pondus quindecim talents colligebat. Talentum autem AEgyptium pondo lxxx. patere l. capere Varro tradit. - Nat. Hist. xxxiii. 15. "When Cyrus conquered Asia, he found thirty-four thousand pounds weight of gold, besides golden vessels and articles in gold; and leaves, (folia, perhaps solia, bathing vessels, Hol.,) a plane, and vine tree, (of gold.) By which victory he carried away fifteen thousand talents of silver; and the cup of Semiramis, the weight of which was fifteen tatents. The Egyptian talent, according to Varro, was eighty pounds. " This cup was the crater, or large vessel, out of which they filled the drinking cups at great entertainments.
Evidently it could not be a drinking vessel, which, according to what Varro and Pliny say, must have weighed 1, 200 pounds! The gold and silver estimated by weight in this account, being converted into pounds sterling, amount to one hundred and twenty-six millions two hwndred and twenty-four thousand pounds. - Brerewood, De Ponderibus, cap. x.
Treasures of darkness may refer to the custom of burying their jewels and money under the ground in their house floors, fearing robbers.
Matthew Henry Commentary
The deliverance of the Jews by Cyrus. (Is. 45:1-4) God calls for obedience to his almighty power. (Is. 45:5-10) The settlement of his people. (Is. 45:11-19) The conversion of the Gentiles. (Is. 45:20-25)
Is. 45:1-4 Cyrus is called God's anointed; he was designed an qualified for his great service by the counsel of God. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyru marched his army into the empty channel. The Lord went before him giving entrance to the cities he besieged. He gave him also treasures which had been hidden in secret places. The true God was to Cyrus a unknown God; yet God foreknew him; he called him by his name. The exac fulfilment of this must have shown Cyrus that Jehovah was the only tru God, and that it was for the sake of Israel that he was prospered. I all the changes of states and kingdoms, God works out the good of his church.
Is. 45:5-10 There is no God beside Jehovah. There is nothing don without him. He makes peace, put here for all good; and creates evil not the evil of sin, but the evil of punishment. He is the Author of all that is true, holy, good, or happy; and evil, error, and misery came into the world by his permission, through the wilful apostacy of his creatures, but are restrained and overruled to his righteou purpose. This doctrine is applied, for the comfort of those tha earnestly longed, yet quietly waited, for the redemption of Israel. The redemption of sinners by the Son of God, and the pouring out the Spirit, to give success to the gospel, are chiefly here intended. We must not expect salvation without righteousness; together the Lord hat created them. Let not oppressors oppose God's designs for his people Let not the poor oppressed murmur, as if God dealt unkindly with them Men are but earthen pots; they are broken potsherds, and are very muc made so by mutual contentions. To contend with Him is as senseless a for clay to find fault with the potter. Let us turn God's promises int prayers, beseeching him that salvation may abound among us, and let u rest assured that the Judge of all the earth will do right.
Is. 45:11-19 Believers may ask in prayer for what they need; if for their good, it will not be withheld. But how common to hear God calle to account for his dealings with man! Cyrus provided for the returnin Jews. Those redeemed by Christ shall be provided for. The restoratio would convince many, and convert some; and all that truly join the Lord, find his service perfect freedom. Though God be his people's God and Saviour, yet sometimes he lays them under his frowns; but let the wait upon the Lord who hides his face. There is a world without end and it will be well or ill with us, according as it shall be with us in that world. The Lord we serve and trust, is God alone. All that God ha said is plain, satisfactory, and just. As God in his word calls us to seek him, so he never denied believing prayers, nor disappointe believing expectations. He gives grace sufficient, and comfort an satisfaction of soul.
Is. 45:20-25 The nations are exhorted to draw near to Jehovah. Non besides is able to help; he is the Saviour, who can save without the assistance of any, but without whom none can save. If the heart i brought into the obedience of Christ, the knee will cheerfully obey his commands. To Christ men shall come from every nation for blessings; all that hate his cause shall be put to shame, and all believers shal rejoice in him as their Friend and Portion. All must come to him: ma we now come to him as the Lord our Righteousness, walking according to his commandments __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ונתתי 5414 לך אוצרות 214 חשׁך 2822 ומטמני 4301 מסתרים 4565 למען 4616 תדע 3045 כי 3588 אני 589 יהוה 3068 הקורא 7121 בשׁמך 8034 אלהי 430 ישׂראל׃ 3478