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    Section XXXIV.

    [1] 2315

    2315 Matt. xxii. 15; Luke xx. 20b.

    Then went the Pharisees and considered how they might ensnare him in a word, [2] and deliver him into the power of the judge,2316

    2316 Vat. ms. omits the power.  We should then translate (with Pesh. and Sin.) unto judgement.

    and into the power of the ruler2317

    2317 Matt. xxii. 16.

    And they sent unto him their disciples, with the kinsfolk of Herod; and they said unto him, [Arabic, p. 129] Teacher, we know that thou speakest the truth, and teachest the way of God with equity,2318

    2318 See note, § 3, 53.

    and art not lifted up2319

    2319 Possibly this is the meaning of the Arabic phrase, which occurs also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text).

    by any man:  for thou actest not so as to [3] be seen of any man.  2320

    2320 Matt. xxii. 17.

    Tell us now, What is thy opinion?  Is it lawful that we should [4] pay the tribute to Cæsar, or not? shall we give, or shall we not give?  2321

    2321 Mark xii. 15a.

    But Jesus knew [5] their deceit, and said unto them, 2322

    2322 Matt. xxii. 18b; Matt. xxii. 19.

    Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?  Shew me the [6] penny of the tribute.  2323

    2323 Matt. xxii. 20.

    So they brought unto him a pennyJesus said unto them, To whom belongeth this image and inscription?  They said unto him, To Cæsar.  [7, 8] 2324

    2324 Matt. xxii. 21.

    He said unto them, Give what is Cæsar’s to Cæsar, and what is God’s to God2325

    2325 Luke xx. 26.

    And they could not make him slip in a single word before the people; and they marvelled at his word, and refrained.

    [9] 2326

    2326 Matt. xxii. 23.

    And on that day came the Sadducees, and said unto him,2327

    2327 cf. the Syriac versions.

    There is no life for [10] the dead.  2328

    2328 Matt. xxii. 24.

    And they asked him, and said unto him, Teacher, Moses said unto us, If a man die, not having children, let his brother take his wife, and raise up seed [11] for his brother2329

    2329 Matt. xxii. 25; Luke xx. 29b.

    Now there were with us seven brethren:  and the first took a wife, [12] and died without children; 2330

    2330 Luke xx. 30.

    and the second took his wife, and died without children; [13] 2331

    2331 Luke xx. 31.

    and the third also took her; and in like manner the seven of them also, and they [14, 15] died without leaving children2332

    2332 Matt. xxii. 27.

    And last of them all the woman died also.  2333

    2333 Matt. xxii. 28.

    At the resurrection, then, which of these seven shall have this woman? for all of them took [16] her.  2334

    2334 Matt. xxii. 29a; Mark xii. 24b.

    Jesus answered and said unto them, Is it not for this that ye have erred, [17] because ye know not the scriptures, nor the power of God2335

    2335 Luke xx. 34b.

    And the sons of this [18] world take wives, and the women become the men’s;2336

    2336 cf. the Syriac versions.


    2337 Luke xx. 35.

    but those that have become worthy of that world, and the resurrection from among the dead, do2338

    2338 Or, shall.

    not take [19] [Arabic, p. 130] wives, and the women also do2339

    2339 Or, shall.

    not become the men’s.  2340

    2340 Luke xx. 36.

    Nor is it possible that they should die; but they2341

    2341 Borg. ms., all of them instead of but they.

    are like the angels, and are the children of [20] God, because they have become the children of the resurrection.  2342

    2342 Matt. xxii. 30a; Mark xii. 26b.

    For in2343

    2343 Or, Moreover, regarding.

    the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read in the book of Moses, how from the bush God said unto him, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?  [21] 2344

    2344 Luke xx. 38; Mark xii. 27b.

    And God is not the God of the dead, but of the living:  for all of them are alive with him.  And ye have erred greatly.

    [22, 23] 2345

    2345 Matt. xxii. 33.

    And when the multitudes heard, they were wondering at his teaching.  2346

    2346 Luke xx. 39.

    And [24] some of the scribes answered and said unto him, Teacher, thou hast well said.  2347

    2347 Matt. xxii. 34.

    But the rest of the Pharisees, when they saw his silencing the Sadducees on this point, gathered against him to contend with him.

    [25] 2348

    2348 Matt. xxii. 35a; Mark xii. 28b.

    And one of the scribes, of those that knew the law, when he saw the excellence [26] of his answer to them, desired to try him, and said unto him, 2349

    2349 Luke x. 25b.

    What shall I do to inherit eternal life? and, 2350

    2350 Mark xii. 28b.

    Which of the commandments is greater, and has precedence [27] in the law2351

    2351 Mark xii. 29.

    Jesus said unto him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O [28] Israel; The Lord our God, the Lord is one:  2352

    2352 Mark xii. 30a; Matt. xxii. 37b [rather, Mark xii. 30b.].

    and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy thought, and with all thy [29, 30] strength2353

    2353 Matt. xxii. 38.

    This is the great and preëminent2354

    2354 This simply represents first in Syriac.


    2355 Mark xii. 31.

    And the second, which is like it, is, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.  And another commandment [31] greater than these two there is not.  2356

    2356 Matt. xxii. 40.

    On these two commandments, then, are hung the [32] [Arabic, p. 131] law and the prophets2357

    2357 Mark xii. 32.

    That scribe said unto him, Excellent! my Master;2358

    2358 Vat. ms. has a corruption of Excellent! Rabbi, better preserved by Borg. ms., which, however, adds our translator’s ordinary rendering of Rabbi—my Master.  This explanation is confirmed by Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.  Ciasca’s emended text cannot be right.

    thou hast said truly that he is one, and there is no other outside of him:  [33] 2359

    2359 Mark xii. 33.

    and that a man should love him with all his heart, and with all his thought, and with all his soul, and with all his strength, and that he should love his neighbour as [34] himself, is better than all savours and sacrifices.  2360

    2360 Mark xii. 34a.

    And Jesus saw him that he had answered wisely; and he answered and said unto him, Thou art not far from the [35, 36] kingdom of God2361

    2361 Luke x. 28b.

    Thou hast spoken rightly:  do this, and thou shalt live2362

    2362 Luke x. 29.

    And he, as his desire was to justify himself, said unto him, And who is my neighbour?  [37] 2363

    2363 Luke x. 30.

    Jesus said unto him, A man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho; and the robbers fell upon him, and stripped2364

    2364 The diacritical point over the third radical must be removed.

    him, and beat him, his life remaining in him but little,2365

    2365 cf. Peshitta.

    [38] and went away.  2366

    2366 Luke x. 31.

    And it happened that there came down a certain priest that way; [39] and he saw him, and passed by.  2367

    2367 Luke x. 32.

    And likewise a Levite also came and reached [40] that place, and saw him, and passed by.  2368

    2368 Luke x. 33.

    And a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, [41] came to2369

    2369 Ciasca’s Arabic text (apparently following Borg. ms.) has till he before came.  This is unsupported by any of the three Syriac texts, although they differ from one another.  Perhaps till and came should be transposed.  The translation would then be as given in the text above; but this rendering may also be obtained according to § 54, 1, note.

    the place where he was, and saw him, and had compassion on him, 2370

    2370 Luke x. 34.

    and came near, and bound up his strokes,2371

    2371 The Syriac word used means both wounds and strokes.

    and poured on them wine and oil; and he set2372

    2372 The Arabic word is a favourite of the translator’s, and may therefore be original.  One cannot help thinking, however, that it is a clerical error for mounted (cf. Cur. and Sin.).

    him on the ass, and brought him to the inn, and expended his care upon him.  [42] 2373

    2373 Luke x. 35.

    And on the morrow of that day he took out two pence, and gave them to the innkeeper, and said unto him, Care for him; and if thou spendest upon him more, [43] when I return, I shall give thee.  2374

    2374 Luke x. 36.

    Who of these three now, thinkest thou, is nearest [44] to him that fell among the robbers?  2375

    2375 Luke x. 37.

    And he said unto him, He that had compassion [45] [Arabic, p. 132] on him.  2376

    2376 Mark xii. 34b.

    Jesus said unto him, Go, and do thou also likewise.  And no man dared afterwards to ask him anything.

    [46] 2377

    2377 Luke xix. 47.

    And he was teaching every day in the temple.  But the chief priests and scribes and the elders of the people sought to destroy him:  2378

    2378 Luke xix. 48.

    and they could2379

    2379 In Syriac could and found are represented by the same word.  The Arabic translator has chosen the wrong one.

    not find what [47] they should do with him; and all the people were hanging upon him to hear him.  [48] 2380

    2380 John vii. 31.

    And many of the multitude believed on him, and said, The Messiah, when he [49] cometh, can it be that he will do more than these signs that this man doeth?  2381

    2381 John vii. 32.

    And the Pharisees heard the multitudes say that of him; and the chief priests sent [50] officers2382

    2382 See note, § 11, 11.

    to seize him.  2383

    2383 John vii. 33.

    And Jesus said unto them, I am with you but a short time [51] yet, and I go to him that sent me.  2384

    2384 John vii. 34.

    And ye shall seek me, and shall not find me:  [52] and where I shall be, ye shall not be able to come.  2385

    2385 John vii. 35.

    The Jews said within themselves, Whither hath this man determined to go that we shall not be able2386

    2386 See note above, on § 34, 46.

    to find him? can it be that he is determined to go to the regions of the nations,2387

    2387 i.e., Gentiles.

    and teach [53] the heathen?  2388

    2388 John vii. 36.

    What is this word that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me:  and where I am, ye cannot come?


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