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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ecclesiastes 12:2


    CHAPTERS: Ecclesiastes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

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    King James Bible - Ecclesiastes 12:2

    While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:

    World English Bible

    Before the
    sun, the light, the moon, and the stars are darkened, and the clouds return after the rain;

    Douay-Rheims - Ecclesiastes 12:2

    Before the
    sun, and the light, and the moon, and the stars be darkened, and the clouds return after the rain:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    While the
    sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, are not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:

    Original Hebrew

    עד
    5704 אשׁר 834 לא 3808 תחשׁך 2821 השׁמשׁ 8121 והאור 216 והירח 3394 והכוכבים 3556 ושׁבו 7725 העבים 5645 אחר 310 הגשׁם׃ 1653

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (2) -
    Ec 11:7,8 Ge 27:1; 48:10 1Sa 3:2; 4:15,18

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:2

    Antes que se oscurezca el sol, y la luz, y la luna y las estrellas, y vuelven las nubes tras la lluvia;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ecclesiastes 12:2

    Verse 2. While the
    sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened - i.e., in the SPRING, prime, and prosperity of life.

    Nor the clouds return - The infirmities of old age of which WINTER is a proper emblem, as spring is of youth, in the former clause of this verse.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 2. While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened , etc.] The wise man proceeds to describe the infirmities of old age, and the troubles that attend it; in order to engage young men to regard God and religion, before these come upon them, which greatly unfit for his service. This the Targum and Midrash, and, after them, Jarchi, interpret of the splendour of the countenance of man, of the light of his eyes, and the beauty of his cheeks, and other parts of his face; which decrease and go off at old age, and paleness and wrinkles succeed: and others of the adversities and calamities which attend persons at such years; which are sometimes in Scripture signified by the darkening of the sun, moon, and stars, ( Isaiah 13:10); but some choose to understand this, more literally, of the dimness of sight in old men; by whom the light of the sun, moon, and stars, is scarcely discerned: but as this infirmity is afterwards described, I rather think with others, that by the “sun”, “light”, and “moon”, are meant the superior and inferior faculties of the soul, the understanding, mind, judgment, will, and affections; and, by the “stars”, those bright notions and ideas raised in the fancy and imagination, and fixed in the memory; all which are greatly impaired or lost in old age: so Alshech interprets the sun and moon of the soul and spirit, and the stars of the senses; “light” is not in the Syriac version; nor the clouds return after the rain ; which some understand of catarrhs, defluxions, and rheums, flowing at the eyes, nose, and mouth, one after another, which frequently attend, and are very troublesome to persons in years; but may be more generally applied to the perpetual succession of evils, afflictions, and disorders, in old age; as soon as one is got over, another follows, billow after billow; or, like showers in April, as soon as one is gone, another comes. The Targum paraphrases it of the eyebrows distilling tears, like clouds after rain.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    A description of the
    infirmities of age. (Eccl. 12:1-7) All is vanity also a warning of the judgment to come. (Eccl. 12:8-14)

    Eccl. 12:1-7 We should remember our sins against our Creator, repent and seek forgiveness. We should remember our duties, and set abou them, looking to him for grace and strength. This should be done early while the body is strong, and the spirits active. When a man has the pain of reviewing a misspent life, his not having given up sin an worldly vanities till he is forced to say, I have no pleasure in them renders his sincerity very questionable. Then follows a figurativ description of old age and its infirmities, which has some difficulties; but the meaning is plain, to show how uncomfortable generally, the days of old age are. As the four verses, 2-5, are figurative description of the infirmities that usually accompany ol age, Eccl. 12:6 notices the circumstances which take place in the hou of death. If sin had not entered into the world, these infirmitie would not have been known. Surely then the aged should reflect on the evil of sin.

    Eccl. 12:8-14 Solomon repeats his text, VANITY OF VANITIES, ALL I VANITY. These are the words of one that could speak by dear-bough experience of the vanity of the world, which can do nothing to ease me of the burden of sin. As he considered the worth of souls, he gave goo heed to what he spake and wrote; words of truth will always be acceptable words. The truths of God are as goads to such as are dul and draw back, and nails to such as are wandering and draw aside; mean to establish the heart, that we may never sit loose to our duty, nor be taken from it. The Shepherd of Israel is the Giver of inspired wisdom Teachers and guides all receive their communications from him. The title is applied in Scripture to the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God The prophets sought diligently, what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. To write man books was not suited to the shortness of human life, and would be weariness to the writer, and to the reader; and then was much more s to both than it is now. All things would be vanity and vexation, excep they led to this conclusion, That to fear God, and keep his commandments, is the whole of man. The fear of God includes in it all the affections of the soul towards him, which are produced by the Holy Spirit. There may be terror where there is no love, nay, where there is hatred. But this is different from the gracious fear of God, as the feelings of an affectionate child. The fear of God, is often put for the whole of true religion in the heart, and includes its practica results in the life. Let us attend to the one thing needful, and no come to him as a merciful Saviour, who will soon come as an almight Judge, when he will bring to light the things of darkness, and manifes the counsels of all hearts. Why does God record in his word, that AL IS VANITY, but to keep us from deceiving ourselves to our ruin? He makes our duty to be our interest. May it be graven in all our hearts Fear God, and keep his commandments, for this is all that concerns man __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    עד 5704 אשׁר 834 לא 3808 תחשׁך 2821 השׁמשׁ 8121 והאור 216 והירח 3394 והכוכבים 3556 ושׁבו 7725 העבים 5645 אחר 310 הגשׁם׃ 1653


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

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