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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - James 1:1

    CHAPTERS: James 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27




    King James Bible - James 1:1

    James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.

    World English Bible

    James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are in the Dispersion: Greetings.

    Douay-Rheims - James 1:1

    James the servant of God, and of our Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad,

    Greek Textus Receptus

    2385 θεου 2316 και 2532 κυριου 2962 ιησου 2424 χριστου 5547 δουλος 1401 ταις 3588 δωδεκα 1427 φυλαις 5443 ταις 3588 εν 1722 τη 3588 διασπορα 1290 χαιρειν 5463 5721

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (1) -
    Mt 10:3; 13:55 Mr 3:18 Lu 6:15 Ac 1:13; 12:17; 15:13; 21:18

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:1

    ¶ Jacobo, siervo de Dios y del Seor Jess, el Cristo, a las doce tribus que estn esparcidas, salud.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - James 1:1

    Verse 1. James, a
    servant of God] For an account of this person, or rather for the conjectures concerning him, see the preface. He neither calls himself an apostle, nor does he say that he was the brother of Christ, or bishop of Jerusalem; whether he was James the elder, son of Zebedee, or James the less, called our Lord's brother, or some other person of the same name, we know not. The assertions of writers concerning these points are worthy of no regard. The Church has always received him as an apostle of Christ.

    To the twelve tribes-scattered abroad] To the Jews, whether converted to Christianity or not, who lived out of Judea, and sojourned among the Gentiles for the purpose of trade or commerce. At this time there were Jews partly traveling, partly sojourning, and partly resident in most parts of the civilized world; particularly in Asia, Greece, Egypt, and Italy. I see no reason for restricting it to Jewish believers only; it was sent to all whom it might concern, but particularly to those who had received the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ; much less must we confine it to those who were scattered abroad at the persecution raised concerning Stephen, Acts viii. 1, &c.; Acts xi. 19, &c. That the twelve tribes were in actual existence when James wrote this epistle, Dr. Macknight thinks evident from the following facts: "1. Notwithstanding Cyrus allowed all the Jews in his dominions to return to their own land, many of them did not return. This happened agreeably to God's purpose, in permitting them to be carried captive into Assyria and Babylonia; for he intended to make himself known among the heathens, by means of the knowledge of his being and perfections, which the Jews, in their dispersion, would communicate to them. This also was the reason that God determined that the ten tribes should never return to their own land, Hos. i. 6; viii. 8; ix. 3, 15-17. 2. That, comparatively speaking, few of the twelve tribes returned in consequence of Cyrus's decree, but continued to live among the Gentiles, appears from this: that in the days of Ahasuerus, one of the successors of Cyrus, who reigned from India to AEthiopia, over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces, Esth. iii. 8, The Jews were dispersed among the people in all the provinces of his kingdom, and their laws were diverse from the laws of all other people, and they did not keep the king's laws; so that, by adhering to their own usages, they kept themselves distinct from all the nations among whom they lived. 3. On the day of pentecost, which happened next after our Lord's ascension, Acts ii. 5, 9, There were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven; Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, &c.; so numerous were the Jews, and so widely dispersed through all the countries of the world. 4. When Paul traveled through Asia and Europe, he found the Jews so numerous, that in all the noted cities of the Gentiles they had synagogues in which they assembled for the worship of God, and were joined by multitudes of proselytes from among the heathens, to whom likewise he preached the Gospel. 6. The same apostle, in his speech to King Agrippa, affirmed that the twelve tribes were then existing, and that they served God day and night, in expectation of the promise made to the fathers, Acts xxvi. 6. 6.

    Josephus, Ant. i. 14, cap. 12, tells us that one region could not contain the Jews, but they dwelt in most of the flourishing cities of Asia and Europe, in the islands and continent, not much less in number than the heathen inhabitants. From all this it is evident that the Jews of the dispersion were more numerous than even the Jews in Judea, and that James very properly inscribed this letter to the twelve tribes which were in the dispersion, seeing the twelve tribes really existed then, and do still exist, although not distinguished by separate habitations, as they were anciently in their own land.

    Greeting.] cairein? Health; a mere expression of benevolence, a wish for their prosperity; a common form of salutation; see Acts xv. 23; xxiii. 26; 2 John 11.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 1. James, a servant of God , etc.] That is, of God the Father; not by creation only, as every man is; nor merely by calling grace, as is every regenerate person; but by office, as a preacher of the Gospel, being one that served God in the Gospel of his Son, and was an apostle of Christ; nor is this any sufficient objection to his being one, since others of the apostles so style themselves: and of the Lord Jesus Christ ; the Ethiopic version reads this in connection with the former clause, without the copulative and, James, the servant of God, our Lord Jesus Christ: and so some consider the copulative as explanative of who is meant by God, even the Lord Jesus Christ: but it seems best to understand them as distinct; and that this apostle was not only the servant of God the Father, but of his Son Jesus Christ, and that in the same sense, referring to his office as an apostle of Christ, and minister of the word: to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad ; by whom are meant believing Jews, who were of the several tribes of Israel, and which were in number twelve, according to the number and names of the twelve patriarchs, the sons of Jacob; and these were not the Christian Jews, who were scattered abroad upon the persecution raised at the death of Stephen, ( Acts 8:1,4 11:19) but they were the posterity of those who had been dispersed in former captivities, by the Assyrians and others, and who remained in the several countries whither they were carried, and never returned. The Jews say , that the ten tribes will never return, and that they will have no part nor portion in the world to come; but these the Gospel met with in their dispersion, and by it they were effectually called and converted, and are the same that Peter writes to, ( 1 Peter 1:1,2) ( <610101> Peter 1:1 3:1). And thus we read of an hundred and forty and four thousand sealed of all the tribes of Israel, ( Revelation 7:4) and to these the apostle here sends greeting; that is, his Christian salutation, wishing them all happiness and prosperity, in soul and body, for time and eternity; and it includes all that grace, mercy, and peace, mentioned in the usual forms of salutation by the other apostles. The same form is used in ( Acts 15:23) and since it was James that gave the advice there, which the rest of the apostles and elders came into, it is highly probable that the epistles sent to the Gentiles were dictated by him; and the likeness of the form of salutation may confirm his being the writer of this epistle.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-11 - Christianity
    teaches men to be joyful under troubles: such exercise are sent from God's love; and trials in the way of duty will brighte our graces now, and our crown at last. Let us take care, in times of trial, that patience, and not passion, is set to work in us: whateve is said or done, let patience have the saying and doing of it. When the work of patience is complete, it will furnish all that is necessary for our Christian race and warfare. We should not pray so much for the removal of affliction, as for wisdom to make a right use of it. And wh does not want wisdom to guide him under trials, both in regulating his own spirit, and in managing his affairs? Here is something in answer to every discouraging turn of the mind, when we go to God under a sense of our own weakness and folly. If, after all, any should say, This may be the case with some, but I fear I shall not succeed, the promise is, To any that asketh, it shall be given. A mind that has single an prevailing regard to its spiritual and eternal interest, and that keep steady in its purposes for God, will grow wise by afflictions, wil continue fervent in devotion, and rise above trials and oppositions When our faith and spirits rise and fall with second causes, there wil be unsteadiness in our words and actions. This may not always expos men to contempt in the world, but such ways cannot please God. N condition of life is such as to hinder rejoicing in God. Those of lo degree may rejoice, if they are exalted to be rich in faith and heir of the kingdom of God; and the rich may rejoice in humblin providences, that lead to a humble and lowly disposition of mind Worldly wealth is a withering thing. Then, let him that is rich rejoic in the grace of God, which makes and keeps him humble; and in the trials and exercises which teach him to seek happiness in and from God not from perishing enjoyments.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    2385 θεου 2316 και 2532 κυριου 2962 ιησου 2424 χριστου 5547 δουλος 1401 ταις 3588 δωδεκα 1427 φυλαις 5443 ταις 3588 εν 1722 τη 3588 διασπορα 1290 χαιρειν 5463 5721

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    Jesus Christ. Only here and in ch. ii. 1; nowhere in the speeches of James (Acts xv. 14,15; xxi. 20 sq.). Had he used Jesus' name it might have been supposed to arise from vanity, because he was the Lord's brother. In all the addresses of epistles the full name, Jesus Christ, is given. Servant (doulov). Properly, hired servant. Compare Philip. i. 1; Jude 1.

    That are scattered abroad (en th diaspora). Lit., in the dispersion; on which see on 1 Pet i. 1. Rev., which are of the dispersions.

    Greeting (cairein). Lit., rejoice. The ordinary Greek salutation, hail! welcome! Also used at parting: joy be with you. Compare the same expression in the letter from the church at Jerusalem, Acts xv. 23; one of the very few peculiarities of style which connect this epistle with the James of the Acts. It does not occur in the address of any other of the Apostolic Epistles.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27


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