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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Philippians 1:10

    CHAPTERS: Philippians 1, 2, 3, 4     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30




    King James Bible - Philippians 1:10

    That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;

    World English Bible

    so that you may approve the things that are excellent; that you may be sincere and without offense to the
    day of Christ;

    Douay-Rheims - Philippians 1:10

    That you may approve the better things, that you may be sincere and without offence unto the
    day of Christ,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offense till the
    day of Christ;

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1519 το 3588 δοκιμαζειν 1381 5721 υμας 5209 τα 3588 διαφεροντα 1308 5723 ινα 2443 ητε 5600 5753 ειλικρινεις 1506 και 2532 απροσκοποι 677 εις 1519 ημεραν 2250 χριστου 5547

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (10) -
    Isa 7:15,16 Am 5:14,15 Mic 3:2 Joh 3:20 Ro 2:18; 7:16,22; 8:7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:10

    para que aprobis lo mejor; que seis sinceros y sin ofensa para el día del Cristo;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Philippians 1:10

    Verse 10. That ye may approve things that are excellent] eiv to dokimazein umav ta diaferonta? To the end that ye may put to
    proof the things that differ, or the things that are in are more profitable. By the pure and abundant love which they received from God they would be able to try whatever differed from the teaching they had received, and from the experience they had in spiritual things.

    That ye may be sincere] ina hte eilikrineiv. The word eilikrineia, which we translate sincerity, is compounded of eilh, the splendour of the sun, and krinw, I judge; a thing which may be examined in the clearest and strongest light, without the possibility of detecting a single flaw or imperfection. "A metaphor," says Mr. Leigh, "taken from the usual practice of chapmen, in the view and choice of their wares, that bring them forth into the light and hold up the cloth against the sun, to see if they can espy any default in them. Pure as the sun." Be so purified and refined in your souls, by the indwelling Spirit, that even the light of God shining into your hearts, shall not be able to discover a fault that the love of God has not purged away.

    Our word sincerity is from the Latin sinceritas, which is compounded of sine, without, and cera, wax, and is a metaphor taken from clarified honey; for the mel sincerum, pure or clarified honey, is that which is sine cera, without wax, no part of the comb being left in it. Sincerity, taken in its full meaning, is a word of the most extensive import; and, when applied in reference to the state of the soul, is as strong as the word perfection itself.

    The soul that is sincere is the soul that is without sin.

    Without offense] aproskopoi? Neither offending God nor your neighbour; neither being stumbled yourselves, nor the cause of stumbling to others.

    Till the day of Christ] Till he comes to judge the world, or, till the day in which you are called into the eternal world. According to this prayer, a man, under the power and influence of the grace of God, may so love as never to offend his Maker, to the latest period of his life. Those who deny this, must believe that the Spirit of God either cannot or will not do it; or, that the blood of Christ cannot cleanse from all unrighteousness. And this would be not only antiscriptural, but also blasphemous.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 10. That ye may approve things that are excellent , etc.] Or try things that differ. There are some things that differ one from other; as morality and grace, earthly things, and heavenly things, carnal and spiritual, temporal and eternal things, law and Gospel, the doctrines of men, and the doctrines of Christ; all which differ as much as chaff and wheat, as gold, silver, precious stones, and wood, hay, stubble. These are to be tried and proved; they are not to be received without distinction, but should be examined, which is right and best to be chosen and preferred; and to such trial and examination it is necessary that a man should be transformed, by the renewing of his mind, that he should have spiritual light, knowledge, and experience, have his spiritual senses exercised to discern the difference of things, and also the guidance, direction, and influence of the Spirit of God: and this trial must be made, not according to carnal reason, and the judgment and dictates of it; for the most excellent things are above it, and out of its sphere, and therefore judged foolish, and rejected by it; but according to the word of God, the Scriptures of truth, in the light of the divine Spirit, and with spiritual judgment and sense; when some things will be found excellent, as Christ, and the knowledge of him in his person, offices, grace, righteousness, blood, sacrifice, and satisfaction, and the several truths of the Gospel relating to peace, pardon, justification, adoption, sanctification, and eternal life; and of the several doctrines of the Gospel, some will appear in their nature and use more excellent than others, more grand and sublime; such as concern the sovereign and distinguishing grace of God, the glory of Christ, and the salvation of the elect; some being milk for babes, others meat for strong men. And these being tried and proved, first by the word of God, and then by the experience of the saints, are to be approved above thousands of gold and silver, and esteemed more than our necessary food; even the sincere milk of the word, as it is by newborn babes, as well as the strong meat of it by the adult, and all to be highly valued and abode by, and held fast. That ye may be sincere ; or pure, as the Syriac version renders it; pure as the sun, discerned and judged by the light of it, as the word signifies, which discovers motes, faults, and flaws; in which, some think, is a metaphor taken either from the eagle, which holds up its young against the sun, and such as can bear the light of it she retains as her own, but such that cannot she rejects as a spurious brood; or from persons in business, who hold up the goods they are buying to the sun, to see if they can observe any fault in them: so such may be said to be sincere, or pure, who are pure in heart, life, and conversation, whose principles and practices will bear the test of light; such are sincere, who are like honey without wax, and fine flour without leaven, that have no mixture of corruption in doctrine, life, or manners; whose grace is genuine and right; whose faith is unfeigned; whose love to God, and Christ, and one another, is without dissimulation; whose hope is lively, and of a soul purifying nature, and is built on a good foundation; and whose repentance is attended with genuine effects, and proper fruits; whose principles are unmixed; who do not corrupt or adulterate the word of God, but desire and retain the sincere milk of it, and hold the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience; whose worship is also pure and spiritual, who worship God in spirit and truth, under the influence, and by the assistance of the Spirit of God, and with their whole hearts and spirits, and according to the truth of the Gospel; who keep the ordinances as they were delivered, without any human inventions, corruptions, and mixtures; who are sincere in their hearts, pure and sound in heart, simple, plain hearted, and single eyed; choose to be good, rather than seem to be so; whose desires after God, and divine things, and whose affections for them, are true and real, and proceed from the bottom of their hearts; and who have their conversation in the world by the grace of God, in simplicity and godly sincerity; and such the apostle wishes these saints to be, and adds, and without offence until the day of Christ ; to God, as considered in the righteousness of Christ, in which they are perfectly without offence, and will always continue so; or in their walk and conversation before God, in which, though they may in many things offend, yet not be guilty of any notorious iniquity, and much less of living in it: and to themselves, to their own consciences, exercising a conscience void of offence towards God and men; acting according to that light they have received, and those principles they have embraced and professed; desiring to be kept from all evil, that it might not grieve and wound them; and doing nothing in things of an indifferent nature, with offence, or against the dictates of conscience, and to the violation of it: and also to others, to Jew or Gentile, to the world, or to the church of God, by avoiding every thing that is offensive to either; not good things, but evil ones, and those that are indifferent; that peace may be preserved, and their own good may not be evil spoken of; that the children of God may not be grieved, staggered, and stumbled, nor sinners hardened, or have any occasion to blaspheme. The phrase denotes an harmless life and conversation, and a continuance in it to the end, to the day of death, or coming of our Lord, which is to be loved, longed, wished, and looked for, and to be always had in view; and that to engage to a becoming life and conversation, with sincerity, and without offence, since in that day all hearts and actions will be exposed and laid open.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 8-11 - Shall not we pity and
    love those souls whom Christ loves and pities Those who abound in any grace, need to abound more. Try things whic differ; that we may approve the things which are excellent. The truth and laws of Christ are excellent; and they recommend themselves as suc to any attentive mind. Sincerity is that in which we should have ou conversation in the world, and it is the glory of all our graces Christians should not be apt to take offence, and should be very careful not to offend God or the brethren. The things which most honou God will most benefit us. Let us not leave it doubtful whether any goo fruit is found in us or not. A small measure of Christian love knowledge, and fruitfulness should not satisfy any.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1519 το 3588 δοκιμαζειν 1381 5721 υμας 5209 τα 3588 διαφεροντα 1308 5723 ινα 2443 ητε 5600 5753 ειλικρινεις 1506 και 2532 απροσκοποι 677 εις 1519 ημεραν 2250 χριστου 5547

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    10. Approve (dokimazein). Sanction on
    test. See on 1 Pet. i. 7.

    Things which are excellent (ta diaferonta). Unnecessary difficulty has been made in the explanation of this phrase. Love displays itself in knowledge and discernment. In proportion as it abounds it sharpens the moral perceptions for the discernment of what is best. The passage is on the line of 1 Cor. xii. 31, "Covet earnestly the best gifts," and the "more excellent way" to attain these gifts is love (ch. 13.). See on Romans ii. 18, where the same phrase occurs, but with a different meaning. Some explain things which are morally different.

    Sincere (eilikrineiv). See on pure, 2 Pet. iii. 1.

    Without offense (aproskopoi). See on Acts xxiv. 16. It may be explained, not stumbling, or not causing others to stumble, as 1 Cor. x. 32. Both senses may be included. If either is to be preferred it is the former, since the whole passage contemplates their inward state rather than their relations to men.

    Till the day, etc. (eiv). Rev., unto. Better, against; with a view to.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    1:10 {So that ye may} (eis to humas). Either purpose or result (eis to plus infinitive as in #Ro 1:11,20; 3:26, etc.). {Approve the things that are excellent} (dokimazein ta diapheronta). Originally, "test the things that differ." Cf. same idiom in #Ro 2:28. The verb was used for assaying metals. Either sense suits this context, but the first step is to distinguish between good and evil and that is not always easy in our complex civilization. {Sincere} (eilikrineis). Old word of uncertain origin from krinw, to judge, by heile (sunlight) or to sift by rapid rolling (eilos). At any rate it means pure, unsullied. {Void of offence} (aproskopoi). Alpha privative pros and koptw, to cut, "not stumbled against" (not causing others to stumble) or if active "not stumbling against." Passive sense probably, not active as in #1Co 10:32. Common in the papyri, though not in ancient Greek writers.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30


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