Clarke's Bible Commentary - Zechariah 12:11 Verse 11. A great mourning] A universal repentance.
As the mourning of Hadadrimmon] Thea shall mourn as deeply for the crucified Christ as their forefathers did for the death of Josiah, who was slain at Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. See 2 Chron. xxxv. 24, 25.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 11. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem , etc.] Great numbers being awakened, convinced, and converted, and brought to true repentance: as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon . Lightfoot f274 thinks the prophet alludes to the two great and general lamentations of Israel; the one about the rock Rimmon, where a whole tribe was come to four hundred (it should be six hundred) men, ( Judges 20:47) and may be rendered, “the sad shout of Rimmon”; and the other in the valley of Megiddo, for the death of Josiah. Some take Hadadrimmon to be the name of a man, as Aben Ezra; and the Targum and Jarchi say who he was, and also make two mournings to be alluded to f275 ; paraphrasing the words thus, “at that time mourning shall be multiplied in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Ahab the son of Omri, whom Hadadrimmon the son of Tabrimmon slew in Ramothgilead; and as the mourning of Josiah, the son of Amon, whom Pharaohnecho, or the lame, slew in the valley of Megiddo:” and so the Syriac version renders it, “as the mourning of the son of Amon in the valley of Megiddo.”
Of the first of these, (see 1 Kings 22:31-37) and of the latter, ( Kings 23:29) according to Jerom, it was the name of a place in the valley of Megiddo, near to Jezreel; and which, in his time, went by the name of Maximianopolis, called so in honour of the Emperor Maximian; it was seventeen miles from Caesarea in Palestine, and ten miles from Jezreel f276 ; and mention is made by Jewish writers of the valley of Rimmon, in which place the elders intercalated the year; though Jerom elsewhere f278 says, that Adadrimon was a king, the son of Tabrimmon, who reigned at Carchemish, whom Pharaohnecho slew at the same time he slew Josiah.
Both words, Hadad, or Adad, and Rimmon, are names of idols with the Syrians.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 9-14 - The day here spoken of, is the day of Jerusalem's defence an deliverance, that glorious day when God will appear for the salvatio of his people. In Christ's first coming he bruised the serpent's head and broke all the powers of darkness that fought against God's kingdo among men. In his second coming he will complete their destruction when he shall put down all opposing rule, principality, and power; an death itself shall be swallowed up in that victory. The Holy Spirit i gracious and merciful, and is the Author of all grace or holiness. He also, is the Spirit of supplications, and shows men their ignorance want, guilt, misery, and danger. At the time here foretold, the Jew will know who the crucified Jesus was; then they shall look by faith to him, and mourn with the deepest sorrow, not only in public, but in private, even each one separately. There is a holy mourning, the effec of the pouring out of the Spirit; a mourning for sin, which quicken faith in Christ, and qualifies for joy in God. This mourning is a frui of the Spirit of grace, a proof of a work of grace in the soul, and of the Spirit of supplications. It is fulfilled in all who sorrow for sin after a godly sort; they look to Christ crucified, and mourn for him Looking by faith upon the cross of Christ will cause us to mourn for sin after a godly sort __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew ביום 3117 ההוא 1931 יגדל 1431 המספד 4553 בירושׁלם 3389 כמספד 4553 הדד רמון 1910 בבקעת 1237 מגדון׃ 4023