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    Section XLVIII.

    [1] 3309

    3309 John xviii. 1.

    This said Jesus, and went forth with his disciples to a place which was called Gethsemane,3310

    3310 Matt. xxvi. 36.


    3311 Vat. ms. has and on.

    the side that is in the plain3312

    3312 The word rendered plain (cf. Dozy, Supplement, sub voc.), which occurs also in the text of Ibn-at-Tayyib (loc. cit., f. 362b), properly means lake.  The word in the Jerusalem Lectionary means valley as well as stream.  For the whole clause cf. the text of John xviii. in Die vier Evangelien, arabisch, aus der Wiener Handschrift, edited by P. de Lagarde, 1864.

    of Kidron, the mountain,3313

    3313 cf. Sinaitic Syriac and Luke xxii. 39.

    the place [2] in which was a garden; and he entered thither, he and his disciples3314

    3314 John xviii. 2.

    And Judas the [3] betrayer knew that place:  for Jesus oft-times met with his disciples there.  3315

    3315 Luke xxii. 40a; Matt. xxvi. 36b.

    And when Jesus came to the place, he said to his disciples, Sit ye here, so that I may go and pray; [4, 5] [Arabic, p. 181] and pray ye, that ye enter not into temptations3316

    3316 Luke xxii. 40b; Matt. xxvi. 37.

    And he took with him Cephas and the sons of Zebedee together, James and John; and he began to [6] look sorrowful, and to be anxious.  3317

    3317 Matt. xxvi. 38.

    And he said unto them, My soul is distressed unto [7] deathabide ye here, and watch with me.  3318

    3318 Luke xxii. 41a.

    And he withdrew from them a little, [8] the space of a stone’s throw; 3319

    3319 Mark xiv. 35b.

    and he kneeled,3320

    3320 Lit. fell on his knees.

    and fell on his face, and prayed, so [9] that, if it were possible, this hour might pass3321

    3321 Lit. let this hour pass.  The Borg. ms. omits him.

    him.  3322

    3322 Mark xiv. 36a.

    And he said, Father, thou art able for all things; if thou wilt, let this cup pass me:  3323

    3323 Luke xxii. 42b.

    but let not my will be done, [10] but let thy will be done3324

    3324 Matt. xxvi. 40a; Mark xiv. 37b.

    And he came to his disciples, and found them sleeping; [11] and he said unto Cephas, Simon, didst thou sleep3325

    3325 Matt. xxvi. 40b.

    Could ye thus not for one hour [12] watch with me?  3326

    3326 Matt. xxvi. 41a; Matt. xiv. 38b.

    Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptations:  the spirit is [13] willing and ready, but the body is weak.3327

    3327 Lit. diseased.  The Arabic word is rare in the sense required by the context (cf. Pesh.).


    3328 Matt. xxvi. 42.

    And he went again a second time, and prayed, and said, My Father, if it is not possible with regard to3329

    3329 This reading would perhaps more easily arise out of the Sinaitic than out of the Peshitta.

    this cup that it pass, [14] except I drink it, thy will be done3330

    3330 Mark xiv. 40.

    And he returned again, and found his disciples sleeping, for their eyes were heavy from their grief and anxiety; and they knew not [15] what to say to him.  3331

    3331 Matt. xxvi. 44.

    And he left them, and went away again, and prayed a third [16] time, and said the very same word.  3332

    3332 Luke xxii. 43.

    And there appeared unto him an angel from [17] heaven, encouraging him.  3333

    3333 Luke xxii. 44.

    And being afraid3334

    3334 cf. Peshitta.  Or, And although he was afraid.

    he prayed continuously:3335

    3335 The Peshitta (hardly Cur.) is capable of this interpretation.

      and his sweat3336

    3336 cf. Syr., especially Peshitta.

    [18] [Arabic, p. 182] became like a stream of blood, and fell on the ground.  3337

    3337 Luke xxii. 45a.

    Then he rose from [19] his prayer, and came to his disciples, and found them sleeping.  3338

    3338 Luke xxii. 46; Matt. xxvi. 45b.

    And he [20] said unto them, Sleep now, and rest3339

    3339 Mark xiv. 41b.

    the end hath arrived,3340

    3340 cf. Syr., especially Peshitta.

    and the hour hath come; [21] and behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners3341

    3341 Mark xiv. 42a; Matt. xxvi. 46b.

    Arise, let us go:3342

    3342 cf. § 4, 20, note.

      for he hath come that betrayeth me.

    [22] 3343

    3343 Matt. xxvi. 47.

    And while he was still speaking, came Judas the betrayer, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude carrying lanterns and torches3344

    3344 John xviii. 3.

    and swords and staves, from the chief priests and scribes and elders of the people, and with him the footsoldiers [23] of the Romans.3345

    3345 cf. John xviii. 3 (Jerusalem Lectionary).  In Syriac Romans means soldiers.  The Arabic footsoldiers might be man (singular).


    3346 Matt. xxvi. 48; Mark xiv. 44b.

    And Judas the betrayer gave them a sign, and said, He whom I shall kiss, he is he:  take him with care,3347

    3347 cf. Syriac versions.  Obviously we must supply a diacritical point over the last radical, or read the middle one as dhal.

    and lead him away.3348

    3348 Lit. him to —.  Borg. ms. probably means bear him away.

    [24] 3349

    3349 John xviii. 4a.

    And Jesus, because he knew everything that should come upon him, went forth [25] unto them.  3350

    3350 Matt. xxvi. 49; Matt. xxvi. 50a.

    And immediately Judas the betrayer came to Jesus, and said, Peace, [26] my Master; and kissed him.  3351

    3351 Luke xxii. 48b.

    And Jesus said unto him, Judas, with a kiss betrayest [27] thou the Son of man?  3352

    3352 Matt. xxvi. 50b; Luke xxii. 52a, c.

    Was it for that thou camest, my friend?  And Jesus said [28] to those that came unto him, Whom seek ye?  3353

    3353 John xviii. 4b; John xviii. 5.

    They said unto him, Jesus the Nazarene.  Jesus said unto them, I am he.  And Judas the betrayer also was standing [29] with them.  3354

    3354 John xviii. 6.

    And when Jesus said unto them, I am he, they retreated backward, and [30] fell to the ground.  3355

    3355 John xviii. 7.

    And Jesus asked them again, Whom seek ye?  They answered, [31] Jesus the Nazarene.  3356

    3356 John xviii. 8.

    Jesus said unto them, I told you that I am he:  and if ye seek [32] me, let these go away:  that the word might be fulfilled which he spake, 3357

    3357 John xviii. 9.

    Of those [33] [Arabic, p. 183] whom thou hast given me I lost not even one.  3358

    3358 Matt. xxvi. 50c.

    Then came those that were with Judas, and seized Jesus, and took him.

    [34] 3359

    3359 Luke xxii. 49.

    And when his disciples saw what happened, they said, Our Lord, shall we smite [35] them with swords3360

    3360 John xviii. 10.

    And Simon Cephas had a sword, and he drew it, and struck the servant of the chief priest, and cut off his right ear.  And the name of that servant [36] was Malchus.  3361

    3361 John xviii. 11a.

    Jesus said unto Cephas, The cup which my Father hath given [37] me, shall I not drink it?  3362

    3362 John xviii. 11c; Matt. xxvi. 52b.

    Put the sword into its sheath:  for all that take with3363

    3363 Withis doubtless an accidental repetition of by (the same Arabic particle) in the next clause.

    the [38] sword shall die by the sword3364

    3364 Matt. xxvi. 53.


    3365 The introductory interrogative particle may represent an original Or.

    thou that I am not able to ask of my [39] Father, and he shall now raise up for me more than3366

    3366 Vat. ms. omits than, and has more only in the margin by another hand.

    twelve tribes of angels3367

    3367 Matt. xxvi. 54.

    Then [40] how should the scriptures which were spoken be fulfilled, that thus it must be?  3368

    3368 Luke xxii. 51b.

    Your [41] leave in this.3369

    3369 The phrase is awkward.  The rendering is different in the text (f. 292a, cf. Lagarde, Die vier Evv.), and yet again in the comment (f. 293a) of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.


    3370 Matt. xxvi. 55.

    And he touched the ear of him that was struck, and healed it.  And in that hour Jesus said to the multitudes, As they come out against a thief are ye come out against me with swords and staves to take me?  Daily was I with you in [42] the temple sitting teaching, and ye took me not:  3371

    3371 Luke xxii. 53b.

    but this is your hour, and the power [43] of darkness3372

    3372 Matt. xxvi. 56.

    And that was, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.

    [44] 3373

    3373 John xviii. 12a.

    Then the disciples all left him, and fled.  And the footsoldiers and the officers [45] and the soldiers3374

    3374 cf. § 11, 11.

    of the Jews seized Jesus, and came.  3375

    3375 Mark xiv. 51.

    And a certain3376

    3376 Lit. one.

    young man [46] followed him, and he was wrapped in a towel, naked3377

    3377 Mark xiv. 52.

    and they seized him; so he [47] [Arabic, p. 184] left the towel, and fled naked3378

    3378 John xviii. 12b; John xviii. 13.

    Then they took Jesus, and bound him, and brought him to Annas first; because he was the father in law of Caiaphas, [48] who was chief priest that year.  3379

    3379 John xviii. 14.

    And Caiaphas was he that counselled the Jews, that it was necessary that one man should die instead of the people.

    [49] 3380

    3380 John xviii. 15.

    And Simon Cephas and one of the other disciples followed Jesus.  And the chief [50] priest knew that disciple, and he entered with Jesus into the court; 3381

    3381 John xviii. 16.

    but Simon was standing without at the door.  And that other disciple, whom the chief priest knew, [51] went out and spake unto her that kept the door, and she brought Simon in.  3382

    3382 John xviii. 17a.

    And when the maid that kept the door saw Simon, she looked stedfastly at him, and said unto him, Art not thou also one of the disciples of this man, I mean Jesus the [52] Nazarene?  3383

    3383 Luke xxii. 57; Mark xiv. 68b.

    But he denied, and said, Woman, I know him not, neither know I even [53] what thou sayest.  3384

    3384 John xviii. 18a.

    And the servants and the soldiers rose, and made a fire in the [54] middle of the court, that they might warm themselves; for it was cold.  3385

    3385 Luke xxii. 55a.

    And when [55] the fire burned up, they sat down around it.  3386

    3386 John xviii. 18c; Matt. xxvi. 58b.

    And Simon also came, and sat down with them to warm himself, that he might see the end of what should happen.


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