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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Corinthians 5:19


    CHAPTERS: 2 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

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    King James Bible - 2 Corinthians 5:19

    To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.

    World English Bible

    namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself, not reckoning to them their trespasses, and having committed to us the word of reconciliation.

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Corinthians 5:19

    For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing their trespasses to them; and hath committed to us the word of reconciliation.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ως
    5613 ADV οτι 3754 CONJ θεος 2316 N-NSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S εν 1722 PREP χριστω 5547 N-DSM κοσμον 2889 N-ASM καταλλασσων 2644 5723 V-PAP-NSM εαυτω 1438 F-3DSM μη 3361 PRT-N λογιζομενος 3049 5740 V-PNP-NSM αυτοις 846 P-DPM τα 3588 T-APN παραπτωματα 3900 N-APN αυτων 846 P-GPM και 2532 CONJ θεμενος 5087 5642 V-2AMP-NSM εν 1722 PREP ημιν 2254 P-1DP τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM της 3588 T-GSF καταλλαγης 2643 N-GSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (19) -
    Mt 1:23 Joh 14:10,11,20; 17:23 1Ti 3:16

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:19

    Porque ciertamente Dios estaba en Cristo reconciliando el mundo a sí mismo , no imputndoles sus pecados, y puso en nosotros la palabra de la Reconciliacin.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Corinthians 5:19

    Verse 19. That
    God was in Christ] This is the doctrine which this ministry of reconciliation holds out, and the doctrine which it uses to bring about the reconciliation itself.

    God was in Christ: 1. Christ is the same as Messiah, the Anointed One, who was to be prophet, priest, and king, to the human race; not to the Jews only, but also to the Gentiles. There had been prophets, priests, and kings, among the Jews and their ancestors; and some who had been priest and prophet, king and priest, and king and prophet; but none have ever sustained in his own person the threefold office except Christ; for none have ever ministered in reference to the whole world but he. The functions of all the others were restrained to the ancient people of God alone. 2.

    Now all the others were appointed of God in reference to this Christ; and as his types, or representatives, till the fullness of the time should come.

    3. And that this Christ might be adequate to the great work of reconciling the whole human race to God, by making atonement for their sins, God was in him. The man Jesus was the temple and shrine of the eternal Divinity; for in him dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead bodily, Col. ii. 9; and he made peace by the blood of his cross. 4. Christ, by his offering upon the cross, made atonement for the sins of the world; and therefore one important branch of the doctrine of this reconciliation was to show that God would not impute or account their trespasses to them, so as to exact the penalty, because this Jesus had died in their stead.

    The whole of this important doctrine was short, simple, and plain. Let us consider it in all its connections: 1. You believe there is a God. 2. You know he has made you. 3. He requires you to love and serve him. 4. To show you how to do this he has given a revelation of himself, which is contained in his law, &c. 5. You have broken this law, and incurred the penalty, which is death. 6. Far from being able to undo your offenses, or make reparation to the offended majesty of God, your hearts, through the deceitfulness and influence of sin, are blinded, hardened, and filled with enmity, against your Father and your Judge. 7. To redeem you out of this most wretched and accursed state, God; in his endless love, has given his Son for you; who has assumed your nature, and died in your stead. 8. In consequence of this he has commanded repentance towards God, and remission of sins, to be published in his name in all the earth. 9. All who repent, and believe in Christ as having died for them as a sin- offering, (2 Cor. v. 21,) shall receive remission of sins. 10. And if they abide in him they shall have an eternal inheritance among them that are sanctified.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 19. To wit, that God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself , etc..] This expresses and explains the subject matter of the ministration of the Gospel, especially that part of it which concerns our reconciliation with God; and declares the scheme, the author, the subjects, the way, and means, and consequence of it. The phrase, in Christ, may be either joined with the word God, as in our version, God was in Christ reconciling; that is, he was in Christ drawing the scheme, fixing the method of reconciliation; his thoughts were employed about it, which were thoughts of peace; he called a council of peace, and entered into a covenant of peace with Christ, who was appointed and agreed to, to be the peacemaker. Or with the word reconciling, thus, God was reconciling in Christ; that is, by Christ; and so it denotes, as before, actual reconciliation by Christ. God, in pursuance of his purposes, council, and covenant, sent his Son to make peace; and laid our sins, and the chastisement of our peace upon him; this is the punishment of sin, whereby satisfaction was made for it, and so peace with God: or with the word world, thus, God was reconciling the world in Christ; by whom are meant, not all the individuals of mankind, for these are not all in Christ, nor all reconciled to God, multitudes dying in enmity to him, nor all interested in the blessing of nonimputation of sin; whereas each of these is said of the world: but the elect of God, who are chosen in Christ, whose peace Christ is, whose sins are not imputed to them, and against whom no charge of any avail can be laid; and particularly the people of God among the Gentiles are here designed, who are frequently called the world in Scripture; being the world which God loved, for whose sins Christ is the propitiation, and of the reconciling of which mention is particularly made, ( John 3:16 1 John 2:2 Romans 11:12,15). And this sense well agrees with the context, which signifies, that no man is regarded for his natural descent; it is no matter whether he is a Jew or a Gentile, provided he is but a new creature: for Gospel reconciliation, and the ministry of it, concern one as well as another. Moreover, this reconciliation must be considered, either as intentional, or actual, or as a publication of it in the ministry of the word; and taken either way it cannot be thought to extend to every individual person in the world: if it is to be understood intentionally, that God intended the reconciliation of the world to himself by Christ, and drew the scheme of it in him, his intentions cannot be frustrated; his counsel shall stand, and he will do all his pleasure; a scheme so wisely laid by him in his Son, cannot come to nothing, or only in part be executed; and yet this must be the case, if it was his design to reconcile every individual of mankind to himself, since a large number of them are not reconciled to him: and if the words are to be understood of an actual reconciliation of the world unto God by Christ, which sense agrees with the preceding verse, then it is out of all question, that the word world cannot be taken in so large a sense as to take in every man and woman in the world; since it is certain that there are many who are not reconciled to God, who die in their sins, whose peace is not made with him, nor are they reconciled to the way of salvation by Christ: and should it be admitted that the ministry of reconciliation is here designed, which is not an offer of reconciliation to the world, but a proclamation or declaration of peace and reconciliation made by the death of Christ; this is not sent to all men; multitudes were dead before the word of reconciliation was committed to the apostles; and since, there have been great numbers who have never so much as heard of it; and even in the times of the apostles it did not reach to everyone then living: besides, the text does not speak of what God did by the ministry of his apostles, but of what he himself had been doing in his Son, and which was antecedent, and gave rise unto and was the foundation of their ministry. There was a scheme of reconciliation drawn in the counsels of God before the world began, and an actual reconciliation by the death of Christ, which is published in the Gospel, which these words contain the sum and substance of: and this reconciliation, as before, is said to be unto himself; to his offended justice, and for the glory of his perfections, and the reconciling of them together in the affair of salvation: not imputing their trespasses . This was what he resolved upon from all eternity, that inasmuch as Christ was become the surety and substitute of his people, he would not impute their sins to them, or look for satisfaction for them from them; but would reckon and place them to the account of their surety, and expect satisfaction from him; and accordingly he did, and accordingly he had it. And this will, not to impute sin to his people, or not to punish for it, which existed in God from everlasting, is no other than a justification of them; for to whom the Lord does not impute sin, he imputes righteousness, and such are properly justified. And hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation ; or put it in us, as a rich and valuable treasure; for such the doctrine of peace and reconciliation, by the blood of Christ, is; a sacred deposition, committed to the trust of faithful men, to be dispensed and disposed of for the use and purpose for which it is given them.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 16-21 - The
    renewed man acts upon new principles, by new rules, with new ends and in new company. The believer is created anew; his heart is no merely set right, but a new heart is given him. He is the workmanshi of God, created in Christ Jesus unto good works. Though the same as man, he is changed in his character and conduct. These words must an do mean more than an outward reformation. The man who formerly saw n beauty in the Saviour that he should desire him, now loves him abov all things. The heart of the unregenerate is filled with enmity agains God, and God is justly offended with him. Yet there may be reconciliation. Our offended God has reconciled us to himself by Jesu Christ. By the inspiration of God, the Scriptures were written, whic are the word of reconciliation; showing that peace has been made by the cross, and how we may be interested therein. Though God cannot lose by the quarrel, nor gain by the peace, yet he beseeches sinners to la aside their enmity, and accept the salvation he offers. Christ knew n sin. He was made Sin; not a sinner, but Sin, a Sin-offering, Sacrifice for sin. The end and design of all this was, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him, might be justified freely by the grace of God through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus. Can an lose, labour, or suffer too much for Him, who gave his beloved Son to be the Sacrifice for their sins, that they might be made the righteousness of God in him __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ως
    5613 ADV οτι 3754 CONJ θεος 2316 N-NSM ην 2258 5713 V-IXI-3S εν 1722 PREP χριστω 5547 N-DSM κοσμον 2889 N-ASM καταλλασσων 2644 5723 V-PAP-NSM εαυτω 1438 F-3DSM μη 3361 PRT-N λογιζομενος 3049 5740 V-PNP-NSM αυτοις 846 P-DPM τα 3588 T-APN παραπτωματα 3900 N-APN αυτων 846 P-GPM και 2532 CONJ θεμενος 5087 5642 V-2AMP-NSM εν 1722 PREP ημιν 2254 P-1DP τον 3588 T-ASM λογον 3056 N-ASM της 3588 T-GSF καταλλαγης 2643 N-GSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    19.
    God. Emphatic. It was God, as in ver. 18.

    Was - reconciling (hn katallasswn). These words are to be construed together; the participle with the finite verb marking the process of reconciliation. The emphasis is on the fact that God was reconciling, not on the fact that God was in Christ. God was all through and behind the process of reconciliation. The primary reference of the statement is, no doubt, to God's reconciling manifestation in the incarnation and death of Christ; yet, as a fact, it includes much more. God was engaged in reconciling the world from the very beginning, and that in Christ. See on John i. 4, 5, 9, 10.

    Hath given to us (qemenov en hmin). Lit., lodged in us.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    5:19 {To wit, that} (hws hoti). Latin puts it _quoniam quidem_. It is an unclassical idiom, but occurs in the papyri and inscriptions (Moulton, _Prol_., p. 212; Robertson, _Grammar_, p. 1033). It is in #Es 4:14. See also #2Co 11:21; 2Th 2:2. It probably means "how that." {Not reckoning} (me logizomenos). What Jesus did (his death for us) stands to our credit (#Ro 8:32) if we make our peace with God. this is our task, "the word of reconciliation," that we may receive "the righteousness of God" and be adopted into the family of God.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

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