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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Timothy 3:16

    CHAPTERS: 2 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17




    King James Bible - 2 Timothy 3:16

    All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

    World English Bible

    Every Scripture is God-breathed and profitable for
    teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction in righteousness,

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Timothy 3:16

    All scripture, inspired of God, is profitable to teach, to reprove, to correct, to instruct in justice,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for
    correction, for instruction in righteousness:

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3956 γραφη 1124 θεοπνευστος 2315 και 2532 ωφελιμος 5624 προς 4314 διδασκαλιαν 1319 προς 4314 ελεγχον 1650 προς 4314 επανορθωσιν 1882 προς 4314 παιδειαν 3809 την 3588 εν 1722 δικαιοσυνη 1343

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (16) -
    2Sa 23:2 Mt 21:42; 22:31,32,43; 26:54,56 Mr 12:24,36 Joh 10:35

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:16

    Toda Escritura es inspirada divinamente y es til para ensear, para redargir, para corregir, para instituir en justicia,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Timothy 3:16

    Verse 16. All Scripture is given by
    inspiration of God] This sentence is not well translated; the original pasa grafh qeokneustov wfilimov prov didaskalian, k. t. l. should be rendered: Every writing Divinely inspired is profitable for doctrine, &c. The particle kai, and, is omitted by almost all the versions and many of the fathers, and certainly does not agree well with the text. The apostle is here, beyond all controversy, speaking of the writings of the Old Testament, which, because they came by Divine inspiration, he terms the Holy Scriptures, 2 Tim. iii. 15; and it is of them alone that this passage is to be understood; and although all the New Testament came by as direct an inspiration as the Old, yet, as it was not collected at that time, not indeed complete, the apostle could have no reference to it.

    The doctrine of the inspiration of the sacred writings has been a subject of much discussion, and even controversy, among Christians. There are two principal opinions on the subject: 1. That every thought and word were inspired by God, and that the writer did nothing but merely write as the Spirit dictated. 2. That God gave the whole matter, leaving the inspired writers to their own language; and hence the great variety of style and different modes of expression. But as I have treated this subject at large in my Introduction to the Four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, I must refer the reader to that work.

    Is profitable for doctrine] To teach the will of God, and to point out Jesus Christ till he should come.

    For reproof] To convince men of the truth; and to confound those who should deny it, particularly the Jews.

    For correction] prov epanorqwsin? For restoring things to their proper uses and places, correcting false notions and mistaken views.

    Instruction in righteousness] prov paideian thn en dikaiosunh. For communicating all initiatory religious knowledge; for schooling mankind.

    All this is perfectly true of the Jewish Scriptures; and let faith in Christ Jesus be added, see ver. 15, and then all that is spoken in the following verse will be literally accomplished.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 16. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God , etc.] That is, all holy Scripture; for of that only the apostle is speaking; and he means the whole of it; not only the books of the Old Testament, but of the New, the greatest part of which was now written; for this second epistle to Timothy is by some thought to be the last of Paul's epistles; and this also will hold good of what was to be written; for all is inspired by God, or breathed by him: the Scriptures are the breath of God, the word of God and not men; they are written by the Spirit, as the Syriac version renders it; or by the Spirit of God, as the Ethiopic version. The Scriptures are here commended, from the divine authority of them; and which is attested and confirmed by various arguments; as the majesty and loftiness of their style, which in many places is inimitable by men; the sublimity of the matter contained in them, which transcends all human understanding and capacity ever to have attained unto and discovered; as the trinity of persons in the Godhead, the incarnation of Christ, the resurrection of the dead, etc. The purity and holiness of them before observed, show them to be the word of him that is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity; as also their harmony and agreement, though wrote by different persons, in different places, and ages, and at sundry times, and in divers manners; what seeming inconsistencies are observed in them may, with labour and industry, by divine assistance, be reconciled. The predictions of future events in them, as particularly concerning Josiah and Cyrus, by name, long before they were born, and especially concerning Jesus Christ, and which have had their accomplishment, and many others in the New Testament both by Christ and his apostles, are a proof that they could not be the writings of men, but must have the omniscient God for their author; the impartiality of the writers of them, in not concealing the mean extract of some of them, the sins of others before conversion, and even their sins and failings afterwards, as well as those of their nearest relations and dearest friends, strengthens the proof of their divine authority; to which may be added, the wonderful preservation of them, through all the changes and declensions of the Jewish church and state, to whom the books of the Old Testament were committed; and notwithstanding the violence and malice of Heathen persecutors, particularly Dioclesian, who sought to destroy every copy of the Scriptures, and published an edict for that purpose, and notwithstanding the numbers of heretics, and who have been in power, as also the apostasy of the church of Rome; and yet these writings have been preserved, and kept pure and incorrupt, which is not the case of other writings; nor are there any of such antiquity as the oldest of these: to which may be subjoined the testimony of God himself; his outward testimony by miracles, wrought by Moses and the prophets, concerned in the writings of the Old Testament, and by the apostles in the New; and his internal testimony, which is the efficacy of these Scriptures on the hearts of men; the reading and hearing of which, having been owned for the conversion, comfort and edification of thousands and thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand: and is profitable for doctrine ; for the discovering, illustrating, and confirming any doctrine concerning God, the being, persons, and perfections of God; concerning the creation and fall of man; concerning the person and offices of Christ, redemption by him, justification by his righteousness, pardon by his blood, reconciliation and atonement by his sacrifice, and eternal life through him, with many others. The Scripture is profitable for ministers to fetch doctrine from, and establish it by; and for hearers to try and prove it by: for reproof ; of errors and heresies; this is the sword of the Spirit, which cuts all down. There never was, nor is, nor can be any error or heresy broached in the world, but there is a sufficient refutation of it in the Scriptures; which may be profitably used for that purpose, as it often has been by Christ and his apostles, and others since in all ages: for correction ; of vice; there being no sin, but the evil nature of it is shown, its wicked tendency is exposed, and the sad effects and consequences of it are pointed out in these writings: for instruction in righteousness; in every branch of duty incumbent upon men; whether with respect to God, or one another; for there is no duty men are obliged unto, but the nature, use, and excellency of it, are here shown: the Scriptures are a perfect rule of faith and practice; and thus they are commended from the usefulness and profitableness of them.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-17 - Those who would
    learn the things of God, and be assured of them, mus know the Holy Scriptures, for they are the Divine revelation. The ag of children is the age to learn; and those who would get true learning must get it out of the Scriptures. They must not lie by us neglected seldom or never looked into. The Bible is a sure guide to eternal life The prophets and apostles did not speak from themselves, but delivere what they received of God, 2Pe 1:21. It is profitable for all purpose of the Christian life. It is of use to all, for all need to be taught corrected, and reproved. There is something in the Scriptures suitabl for every case. Oh that we may love our Bibles more, and keep closer to them! then shall we find benefit, and at last gain the happines therein promised by faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the mai subject of both Testaments. We best oppose error by promoting a soli knowledge of the word of truth; and the greatest kindness we can do to children, is to make them early to know the Bible __________________________________________________________________

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3956 γραφη 1124 θεοπνευστος 2315 και 2532 ωφελιμος 5624 προς 4314 διδασκαλιαν 1319 προς 4314 ελεγχον 1650 προς 4314 επανορθωσιν 1882 προς 4314 παιδειαν 3809 την 3588 εν 1722 δικαιοσυνη 1343

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    16. All Scripture (pasa grafh). Better, every Scripture, that is, every passage of Scripture. Scripture as a
    whole is as aiJ grafai or aiJ grafai agiai. Iera is never used with grafh. Grafh is the single passage, usually defined by this, or that, or the, or which saith. 143 Is given by inspiration of God (qeopneustov). N.T.o . o LXX. From qeov God and pnein to breathe. God-breathed. The word tells us nothing of the peculiar character or limits of inspiration beyond the fact that it proceeds from God. In construction omit is, and rend. as attributive of grafh every divinely-inspired Scripture.

    And is profitable (kai wfelimov). According to A.V., kai and is merely the copula between two predicates of grafh. It is divinely inspired and is profitable. According to the interpretation given above, kai has the force of also. Every divinely-inspired Scripture is, besides being so inspired and for that reason, also profitable, etc. Wfelimov profitable, Past o . See on 1 Timothy iv. 8.

    For doctrine (prov didaskalian). Better, teaching. Comp. to make thee wise, ver. 15.

    Reproof (elegmon). Better, conviction. N.T.o . o Class. Comparatively frequent in LXX, mostly in the sense of rebuke: sometimes curse, punishment. See Ps. of Solomon. x. 1, but the reading is disputed with ejlegcw. See on the verb ejlegcein, John iii. 20.

    Correction (epanorqwsin). N.T.o . Twice in LXX. Restoring to an upright state (ojrqov erect); setting right.

    Instruction (paideian). Better, chastisement or discipline. See on Eph. vi. 4. In LXX mostly correction or discipline, sometimes admonition. Specially of God's chastisement by means of sorrow and evil

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    3:16 {Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable} (pasa grafe qeopneustos kai wfelimos). There are two matters of doubt in this clause. One is the absence of the article h before grafe, whether that makes it mean "every scripture" or "all scripture" as of necessity if present. Unfortunately, there are examples both ways with both pas and grafe. Twice we find grafe in the singular without the article and yet definite (#1Pe 2:6; 2Pe 1:20). We have pas israel (#Ro 11:26) for all Israel (Robertson, _Grammar_, p. 772). So far as the grammatical usage goes, one can render here either "all scripture" or "every scripture." There is no copula (estin) in the Greek and so one has to insert it either before the kai or after it. If before, as is more natural, qen the meaning is: "All scripture (or every scripture) is inspired of God and profitable." In this form there is a definite assertion of inspiration. That can be true also of the second way, making "inspired of God" descriptive of "every scripture," and putting estin (is) after kai: "All scripture (or every scripture), inspired of God, is also profitable." {Inspired of God} (qeopneustos). "God-breathed." Late word (Plutarch) here only in N.T. Perhaps in contrast to the commandments of men in #Tit 1:14. {Profitable} (wfelimos). See #1Ti 4:8. See #Ro 15:4. Four examples of pros (facing, with a view to, for): didaskalian, teaching; elegmon, reproof, in LXX and here only in N.T.; epanorqwsin, correction, old word, from epanorqow, to set up straight in addition, here only in N.T., with which compare epidiorqow in #Tit 1:5; paideian, instruction, with which compare #Eph 6:4.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17


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