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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 2 Timothy 3:8


    CHAPTERS: 2 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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    King James Bible - 2 Timothy 3:8

    Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

    World English Bible

    Even as Jannes and Jambres opposed
    Moses, so do these also oppose the truth; men corrupted in mind, who concerning the faith, are rejected.

    Douay-Rheims - 2 Timothy 3:8

    Now as Jannes and Mambres resisted
    Moses, so these also resist the truth, men corrupted in mind, reprobate concerning the faith.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood
    Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ον
    3739 τροπον 5158 δε 1161 ιαννης 2389 και 2532 ιαμβρης 2387 αντεστησαν 436 5627 μωυσει 3475 ουτως 3779 και 2532 ουτοι 3778 ανθιστανται 436 5731 τη 3588 αληθεια 225 ανθρωποι 444 κατεφθαρμενοι 2704 5772 τον 3588 νουν 3563 αδοκιμοι 96 περι 4012 την 3588 πιστιν 4102

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    Ex 7:11,22; 8:7,18

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:8

    Y de la manera que Janes y Jambres resistieron a Moiss, así tambin stos resisten a la verdad; hombres corruptos de entendimiento, rprobos acerca de la fe.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 2 Timothy 3:8

    Verse 8. Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood
    Moses] This refers to the history of the Egyptian magicians, given in Exodus 7, where see the notes, and particularly the concluding observations at the end of that chapter, where several things are said concerning these two men.

    Men of corrupt minds] It appears as if the apostle were referring still to some Judaizing teachers who were perverting the Church with their doctrines, and loudly calling in question the authority and doctrine of the apostle.

    Reprobate concerning the faith.] adokimoi? Undiscerning or untried; they are base metal, unstamped; and should not pass current, because not standard. This metaphor is frequent in the sacred writings.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 8. Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses , etc.] These were not Jews, who rose up and opposed Moses, as Dathan and Abiram did, as some have thought; but Egyptian magicians, the chief of those that Pharaoh sent for, when Moses and Aaron came before him, and wrought miracles; and who did in like manner by their enchantments, ( Exodus 7:11) upon which place the Targum of Jonathan has these words: and Pharaoh called the wise men and the magicians; and Janis and Jambres, the magicians of the Egyptians, did so by the enchantments of their divinations.

    And the same paraphrase on ( Exodus 1:15) calls them by the same names; and this shows from whence the apostle had these names, which are not mentioned in any place in the Old Testament; namely, from the traditions and records of the Jews, with which he was well acquainted: there is no need to say he had this account by divine revelation, for some of the Heathens had knowledge of this story some such way. Numenius; the philosopher, speaks of Jannes and Jambres as Egyptian scribes, and famous for their skill in the magic art; and who opposed themselves to Moses when the Jews were driven out of Egypt f11 . Pliny also makes mention of Janme and Jotape as magicians; though he wrongly calls them Jews, and places Moses with them f12 , as Jannes likewise is by Apuleius f13 . It is commonly said by the Jews f14 , that these were the two sons of Balaam, and they are said to be the chief of the magicians of Egypt f15 ; the latter of these is called in the Vulgate Latin version Mambres; and in some Jewish writers his name is Mamre by whom also the former is called Jochane or John; and indeed Joannes, Jannes, and John, are the same name; and R. Gedaliah says, that their names in other languages are John and Ambrose, which is not unlikely. Mention is made of the sons of Jambri in the Apocrypha: But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and went their way with it. (1 Maccabees 9:36) these things are not to be depended on: however, certain it is, that they withstood Moses by their enchantments, and hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that, for a while, he would not let the children of Israel go. Now between these magicians, and the Papists before described, there is a very great agreement; as these men were Egyptians, so the Papists may be called, since Rome is spiritually called Sodom and Egypt, ( Revelation 11:8) as the one were, so the other are idolaters, who worshipped devils, idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, ( Revelation 9:20) and both sorcerers, using the magic art; ( Revelation 9:21) and they both pretended to miracles; though what they did were no other than lying wonders, ( 2 Thessalonians 2:9 Revelation 13:13,14) and both agreed to keep the people of God in bondage, as much, and as long as they could: and particularly, as the magicians of Egypt withstood Moses, whom Josephus calls the sons of Amaraeus. These are said to be the persons that told Pharaoh, that a child should be born among the Israelites, by whom the whole land of Egypt should be destroyed, and which was the reason of Pharaoh's giving such a charge to the Hebrew midwives f19 ; also the making of the golden calf is ascribed to them f20 ; for, according to the Jews, they afterwards became proselytes; but so do these also resist the truth ; the truth of one God, by their worshipping of images; and of one Mediator, by making use of angels, and saints departed, to intercede with God for them; and of justification by the righteousness of Christ, by introducing the doctrine of works, of merit, and supererogation; and of pardon and cleansing by the blood of Christ, and atonement by his sacrifice, by their pardons, indulgences, penance, purgatory, and the sacrifice of the Mass; yea, they resist the Scriptures of truth, not allowing them to be a sufficient rule without their unwritten traditions, and even Christ, who is truth itself, in all his offices, prophetic, priestly, and kingly. Men of corrupt minds , of bad principles, holding antichristian tenets, derogatory to the grace of God, and glory of Christ; giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; like Jannes and Jambres, who were given to magic arts, and were under the influence of Satan: reprobate concerning the faith ; men of no judgment in the doctrine of faith; who have not their senses exercised to discern good and evil, to try things that differ, and approve the more excellent, but call good evil, and evil good: or as those who are disobedient and wicked in their lives, are said to be to every good work reprobate, ( Titus 1:16) so these are said to be reprobate to the faith; that is, to have no liking of it, or value for it, but despise it, hate it, and reject it; and upon that account, as they are like reprobate silver, whom God has rejected, they ought to be rejected by men.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-9 - Even in gospel times there would be perilous times; on account of persecution from without, still more on account of corruptions within Men love to gratify their own lusts, more than to please God and d their duty. When every man is eager for what he can get, and anxious to keep what he has, this makes men dangerous to one another. When men d not fear God, they will not regard man. When children are disobedien to their parents, that makes the times perilous. Men are unholy an without the fear of God, because unthankful for the mercies of God. We abuse God's gifts, if we make them the food and fuel of our lusts Times are perilous also, when parents are without natural affection to children. And when men have no rule over their own spirits, but despis that which is good and to be honoured. God is to be loved above all but a carnal mind, full of enmity against him, prefers any thing befor him, especially carnal pleasure. A form of godliness is very differen from the power; from such as are found to be hypocrites, rea Christians must withdraw. Such persons have been found within the outward church, in every place, and at all times. There ever have bee artful men, who, by pretences and flatteries, creep into the favour an confidence of those who are too easy of belief, ignorant, and fanciful All must be ever learning to know the Lord; but these follow every ne notion, yet never seek the truth as it is in Jesus. Like the Egyptia magicians, these were men of corrupt minds, prejudiced against the truth, and found to be quite without faith. Yet though the spirit of error may be let loose for a time, Satan can deceive the nations an the churches no further, and no longer, than God will permit.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ον
    3739 τροπον 5158 δε 1161 ιαννης 2389 και 2532 ιαμβρης 2387 αντεστησαν 436 5627 μωυσει 3475 ουτως 3779 και 2532 ουτοι 3778 ανθιστανται 436 5731 τη 3588 αληθεια 225 ανθρωποι 444 κατεφθαρμενοι 2704 5772 τον 3588 νουν 3563 αδοκιμοι 96 περι 4012 την 3588 πιστιν 4102

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    8. As (on tropon). The formula occurs in the Synoptic Gospels (see
    Matt. xxiii. 37; Luke xiii. 34), and in Acts (i. 11; vii. 28), but not in Paul. Jannes and Jambres. According to tradition, the names of the chiefs of the magicians who opposed Moses. Exod. vii. 11, 22.

    Of corrupt minds (katefqarmenoi ton noun). Better, corrupted in mind. The verb, N.T.o . Comp. diefqarmenwn ton noun corrupted in mind, 1 Tim. vi. 5.

    Reprobate (adokimoi). In Pastorals only here and Tit. i. 16. A Pauline word. See on Rom. i. 28, and castaway, 1 Cor. ix. 27.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    3:8 {Like as} (hon tropon). "In which manner." Adverbial accusative and incorporation of the antecedent tropon into the relative clause. {Jannes and Jambres} (iannes kai iambres). Traditional names of the magicians who withstood Moses (_Targum of Jonathan_ on #Ex 7:11). {Withstood} (antestesan). Second aorist active (intransitive) of anqistemi, to stand against, "they stood against" (with dative M"usei). Same word used of Elymas in #Ac 13:8 and repeated here anqistantai (present middle indicative). Paul here pictures the seducers of the gunaikaria above. {Corrupted in mind} (katefqarmenoi ton noun). Perfect passive participle of katafqeirw, old compound, in N.T. only here in critical text. See #2Co 11:3; 1Ti 6:5 for diafqeirw. The accusative noun is retained in the passive. {Reprobate} (adokimoi). See #1Co 9:27; Tit 1:16. They had renounced their trust (pistin) in Christ.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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