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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Amos 5:26

    CHAPTERS: Amos 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27




    King James Bible - Amos 5:26

    But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.

    World English Bible

    You also carried the
    tent of your king and the shrine of your images, the star of your god, which you made for yourselves.

    Douay-Rheims - Amos 5:26

    But you carried a tabernacle for your Moloch, and the image of your idols, the star of your god, which you made to yourselves.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.

    Original Hebrew

    5375 את 853 סכות 5522 מלככם 4432 ואת 853 כיון 3594 צלמיכם 6754 כוכב 3556 אלהיכם 430 אשׁר 834 עשׂיתם׃ 6213

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (26) -
    Le 18:21; 20:2-5 1Ki 11:33 2Ki 23:12,13

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:26

    Y ofrecisteis a Moloc vuestro rey, y a Quiún vuestros ídolos, la estrella de vuestros dioses que os hicisteis.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Amos 5:26

    Verse 26. But ye have borne] The preceding verse spoke of their fathers; the present verse speaks of the Israelites then existing, who were so grievously
    addicted to idolatry, that they not only worshipped at stated public places the idols set up by public authority, but they carried their gods about with them everywhere.

    The tabernacle of your Moloch] Probably a small portable shrine, with an image of their god in it, such as Moloch; and the star or representative of their god Chiun. For an ample exposition of this verse, see the note on Acts vii. 42; to which let me add, that from Picart's Religious Ceremonies, vol. iii. p. 199, we find that there was an idol named Choun worshipped among the Peruvians from the remotest antiquity.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 26. But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch , etc.] The god of the Ammonites; (see Gill on “ Amos 1:13”); and (see Gill on “ Jeremiah 7:31”); called theirs, because they also worshipped it, and caused their seed to pass through the fire to it; and which was carried by them in a shrine, or portable tent or chapel. Or it may be rendered, “but ye have borne Siccuth your king” f135 ; and so Siccuth may be taken for the name of an idol, as it is by Jarchi, Kimchi, and Ben Melech, to whom they gave the title of king, as another idol went by the name of the queen of heaven; perhaps by one was meant the sun, and by the other the moon; and Chiun, your images ; Moloch or Siccuth was one, and Chiun another image, or rather the same; and this the same with Chevan, which in the Arabic and Persic languages is the name of Saturn, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi say; and is so rendered by Montanus here; and who in the Egyptian tongue was called Revan, or Rephan, or Remphan; as by the Septuagint here, and in ( Acts 7:43); the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves ; or the star “your god” f136 ; meaning the same with Chiun or Saturn; perhaps the same with the star that fell from the air or sky, mentioned by Sanchoniatho f137 ; which Astarte, the wife of Chronus or Saturn, is said to take and consecrate in Tyre; this they made for themselves, and worshipped as a deity. The Targum is, “ye have borne the tabernacle of your priests, Chiun your image, the star your God, which ye have made to yourselves.”

    Various are the senses put upon the word Chiun. Some read it Cavan, and take it to signify a “cake”; in which sense the word is used in ( Jeremiah 7:18 44:19); and render it, “the cake of your images” f138 ; and supposing that it had the image of their gods impressed upon it. Calmet interprets it “the pedestal of your images” f139 ; and indeed the word has the signification of a basis, and is so rendered by some f140 ; and is applicable to Moloch their king, a king being the basis and foundation of the kingdom and people; and to the sun, intended by that deity, which is the basis of the celestial bodies, and of all things on earth. Some take Moloch and Chiun to be distinct deities, the one to be the sun, the other the moon; but they seem rather to be the same, and both to be the Egyptian ox, and the calf of the Israelites in the wilderness, the image of which was carried in portable tents or tabernacles, in chests or shrines; such as the Succothbenoth, or tabernacles of Venus, ( 2 Kings 17:30); and those of Diana’s, ( Acts 19:24); the first of these portable temples we read of, is one drawn by oxen in Phoenicia, mentioned by Sanchoniatho f141 ; not that the Israelites carried such a tent or tabernacle during their travels through the wilderness, whatever they might do the few days they worshipped the calf; but this is to be understood of their posterity in later times, in the times of Amos; and also when Shalmaneser carried them captive beyond Damascus, as follows.

    It may be further observed, for the confirmation and illustration of what has been said concerning Chiun, that the Egyptian Anubis, which Plutarch says is the same with Saturn, is called by him Kyon, which seems to be no other than this word Chiun: and whereas Stephen calls it Rephan, this is not a corruption of the word, reading Rephan or Revan for Chevan; nor has he respect to Rimmon, the god of the Syrians, but it is the Egyptian name for Saturn; which the Septuagint interpreters might choose to make use of, they interpreting for the king of Egypt: and Diodorus Siculus makes mention of an Egyptian king called Remphis, whom Braunius takes to be this very Chiun; (see Acts 7:43); but Rephas, or Rephan, was the same with Chronus, or Saturn, from whence came the Rephaim f145 , who dwelt in Ashtaroth Karnaim, a town of Ham or Chronus; (see Genesis 14:5). Some f146 , who take Siccuth for an idol, render it in the future, “ye shall carry”, etc. and take it to be a prediction of Amos, that the Israelites should, with great reproach and ignominy, be obliged by the Assyrians, as they were led captive, to carry on their shoulders the idols they had worshipped, and in vain had trusted in, as used to be done in triumphs; (see Gill on “ Amos 1:15”).

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 18-27 - Woe unto those that desire the day of the Lord's judgments, that wis for times of war and confusion; as some who long for changes, hoping to rise upon the ruins of their country! but this should be so great desolation, that nobody could gain by it. The day of the Lord will be dark, dismal, gloomy day to all impenitent sinners. When God makes day dark, all the world cannot make it light. Those who are no reformed by the judgments of God, will be pursued by them; if the escape one, another stands ready to seize them. A pretence of piety i double iniquity, and so it will be found. The people of Israel copie the crimes of their forefathers. The law of worshipping the Lord ou God, is, Him only we must serve. Professors thrive so little, becaus they have little or no communion with God in their duties. They wer led captive by Satan into idolatry, therefore God caused them to go into captivity among idolaters __________________________________________________________________

    Original Hebrew

    ונשׂאתם 5375 את 853 סכות 5522 מלככם 4432 ואת 853 כיון 3594 צלמיכם 6754 כוכב 3556 אלהיכם 430 אשׁר 834 עשׂיתם׃ 6213

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27


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