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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Ecclesiastes 8:8


    CHAPTERS: Ecclesiastes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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    King James Bible - Ecclesiastes 8:8

    There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

    World English Bible

    There is no man who has
    power over the spirit to contain the spirit; neither does he have power over the day of death. There is no discharge in war; neither shall wickedness deliver those who practice it.

    Douay-Rheims - Ecclesiastes 8:8

    It is not in man's
    power to stop the spirit, neither hath he power in the day of death, neither is he suffered to rest when war is at hand, neither shall wickedness save the wicked.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    There is no man that hath
    power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

    Original Hebrew

    אין
    369 אדם 120 שׁליט 7989 ברוח 7307 לכלוא 3607 את 853 הרוח 7307 ואין 369 שׁלטון 7983 ביום 3117 המות 4194 ואין 369 משׁלחת 4917 במלחמה 4421 ולא 3808 ימלט 4422 רשׁע 7562 את 853 בעליו׃ 1167

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    Ec 3:21 2Sa 14:14 Job 14:5; 34:14 Ps 49:6-9; 89:48 Heb 9:27

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 8:8

    No hay hombre que tenga potestad sobre el espíritu para retener el espíritu, ni potestad sobre el día de la muerte; y no valen armas en tal guerra; ni la impiedad librará al que la posee.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ecclesiastes 8:8

    Verse 8. There is no man that hath
    power over the spirit to retain the spirit - The Chaldee has, "There is no man who can rule over the spirit of the breath, so as to prevent the animal life from leaving the body of man." Others translate to this sense: "No man hath power over the wind to restrain the wind; and none has power over death to restrain him; and when a man engages as a soldier, he cannot be discharged from the war till it is ended; and by wickedness no man shall be delivered from any evil." Taking it in this way, these are maxims which contain self-evident truths.

    Others suppose the verse to refer to the king who tyrannizes over and oppresses his people. He shall also account to God for his actions; he shall die, and he cannot prevent it; and when he is judged, his wickedness cannot deliver him.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 8. [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit , etc.] Which is not to be understood of the wind, which the word used sometimes signifies, and of men’s having no power to restrain that, or hinder it from blowing; for to what purpose should Solomon mention this? rather it may be considered as a check upon despotic and arbitrary princes not to stretch their power too far; since they had none over the spirits or minds of men, and could not hinder them from thinking ill of them, and wishing ill to them, nor restrain their hatred of them; whatever power they had or exercised over their bodies and estates, they had none over their spirits, or their consciences; no lawful power to restrain them from their to God, nor to oblige them to do that which he has forbidden; nor to compel them to anything against conscience; nor to bind their consciences in matters indifferent: or as an argument with subjects to obey the commands of their sovereign; since it is not in their power to restrain the spirit and wrath of princes, which is as the roaring of a lion, and as: he messengers of death, ( Proverbs 16:14 19:12); particularly to be careful that they do not commit any capital offence, for which sentence may be passed to take away life; when it will not be in their power to retain it; nor rescue themselves out of the hands of justice and the civil magistrate, but must submit. Or else it is to be understood of every man’s spirit at the hour of death, and of the unavoidableness of it, as the next clause explains it; and by “spirit” is meant, either the sensitive soul, the same with the spirit of a beast, without which the body is dead, and is like the wind that passeth away, and ceaseth when the breath is stopped; or the rational soul, the spirit that is committed to God, and returns to him at death, ( Luke 23:43 Acts 7:59) ( Ecclesiastes 12:7). This a man has not power over to dismiss or retain at pleasure; he cannot keep it one moment longer when it is called for and required by the Father of spirits, the Creator of it; he has not power “to restrain” it, as in a prison, as the word signifies, as Alshech observes; whence Aben Ezra says, that the spirit or soul in the body is like a prisoner in a prison; but nothing, that attends a man in this life, or he is in possession of, can keep the soul in this prison, when the time of its departure is come; not riches, nor honours, nor wisdom and leaning, nor strength and youth, nor all the force of medicine; the time is fixed, it is the appointment of God, the bounds set by him cannot be passed, ( Ecclesiastes 3:2 Hebrews 9:27 Genesis 47:29) ( Job 14:5). The Targum is, “no man has power over the spirit of the soul to restrain the soul of life, that it might not cease from the body of man;” and to the same sense Jarchi, “to restrain the spirit in his body, that the angel of death should not take him;” neither [hath he] power in the day of death ; or “dominion” f201 ; death strips a man of all power and authority, the power that the husband has over the wife, or parents over their children, or the master over his servant, or the king over his subjects; death puts down all power and authority: it is an observation of Jarchi’s, that David after he came to the throne is everywhere called King David, but, when he came to die, only David, ( 1 Kings 2:1); no king nor ruler can stand against death any more than a beggar; up man is lord of death any more than of life, but death is lord of all; all must and do submit to it, high and low, rich and poor; there is a day fixed for it, and that day can never be adjourned, or put off to another; and as man has not power to deliver himself in the day of death, so neither his friend, as the Targum, nor any relation whatever; and [there is] no discharge in [that] war ; death is a warfare as well as life, with which nature struggles, but in vain; it is an enemy, and the last that shall be destroyed; it is a king, and a very powerful one; there is no withstanding him, he is always victorious; and there is no escaping the battle with him, or fleeing from him; a discharge of soldiers in other wars is sometimes obtained by interest, by the entreaty of friends, or by money; but here all cries and entreaties signify nothing; nor does he value riches, gold, or all the forces of strength; (see 2 Samuel 12:18 Job 36:19); under the old law, if a person had built a new house, or married a wife, or was faint hearted, he was excused and dismissed; but none of these things are of any avail in this war, ( Deuteronomy 20:5,6,8); captives taken in war are sometimes dismissed by their conquerors, or they find ways and means to make their escape; but nothing of this kind can be done when death has seized on the persons of men. Some render it, there is “no sending to” or “in [that] war” f202 ; there is no sending forces against death to withstand him, it is to no purpose; there is no sending a message to him to sue for a peace, truce, or reprieve; he will hearken to nothing; there is no sending one in the room of another, as Jarchi observes, “a man cannot say, I will send my son, or my servant;” no surrogation is allowed of in this case, as David wished for, ( Samuel 18:33). Aben Ezra interprets it, no armour, and so many interpreters; and so the Targum; “nor do instruments of armour help in war;” in this war: in other wars a man may put on a helmet of brass and a coat of mail, to protect and defend him, or throw darts and arrows; but these signify nothing when death makes his approach and attack; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it ; or “the masters of it” f203 ; that is, from death; neither Satan the wicked one, as Jerom, who is wickedness itself, and with whom wicked men are confederate, can deliver them from death; nor sinners the most abandoned deliver themselves, who have made a covenant with it, and an agreement with hell, ( Isaiah 28:15,18); such who are masters of the greatest wicked craft and cunning, and who devise many ways to escape other things, can contrive none to escape death; nor will riches gotten by wickedness deliver the owners of them from death; (see Proverbs 10:2 11:4); This sense is mentioned by Aben Ezra, and not to be despised.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Commendations of
    wisdom. (Eccl. 8:1-5) To prepare for sudden evils an death. (Eccl. 8:6-8) It shall be well with the righteous, and ill with the wicked. (Eccl. 8:9-13) Mysteries of Providence. (Eccl. 8:14-17)

    Eccl. 8:1-5 None of the rich, the powerful, the honourable, or the accomplished of the sons of men, are so excellent, useful, or happy, a the wise man. Who else can interpret the words of God, or teach arigh from his truths and dispensations? What madness must it be for weak an dependent creatures to rebel against the Almighty! What numbers for wrong judgments, and bring misery on themselves, in this life and tha to come!

    Eccl. 8:6-8 God has, in wisdom, kept away from us the knowledge of future events, that we may be always ready for changes. We must all die, no flight or hiding-place can save us, nor are there any weapon of effectual resistance. Ninety thousand die every day, upwards of sixty every minute, and one every moment. How solemn the thought! O that men were wise, that they understood these things, that they woul consider their latter end! The believer alone is prepared to meet the solemn summons. Wickedness, by which men often escape human justice cannot secure from death.

    Eccl. 8:9-13 Solomon observed, that many a time one man rules ove another to his hurt, and that prosperity hardens them in their wickedness. Sinners herein deceive themselves. Vengeance comes slowly but it comes surely. A good man's days have some substance; he lives to a good purpose: a wicked man's days are all as a shadow, empty an worthless. Let us pray that we may view eternal things as near, real and all-important.

    Eccl. 8:14-17 Faith alone can establish the heart in this mixed scene where the righteous often suffer, and the wicked prosper. Solomo commended joy, and holy security of mind, arising from confidence i God, because a man has no better thing under the sun, though a good ma has much better things above the sun, than soberly and thankfully to use the things of this life according to his rank. He would not have u try to give a reason for what God does. But, leaving the Lord to clea up all difficulties in his own time, we may cheerfully enjoy the comforts, and bear up under the trials of life; while peace of conscience and joy in the Holy Ghost will abide in us through all outward changes, and when flesh and heart shall fail __________________________________________________________________


    Original Hebrew

    אין 369 אדם 120 שׁליט 7989 ברוח 7307 לכלוא 3607 את 853 הרוח 7307 ואין 369 שׁלטון 7983 ביום 3117 המות 4194 ואין 369 משׁלחת 4917 במלחמה 4421 ולא 3808 ימלט 4422 רשׁע 7562 את 853 בעליו׃ 1167


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

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