SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:1 Â¶ Y en el primer año de Ciro rey de Persia, para que se cumpliese la palabra del SEÑOR dicha por boca de Jeremías, despertó el SEÑOR el espíritu de Ciro rey de Persia, el cual hizo pasar pregón por todo su reino, y también por escrito, diciendo:
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Ezra 1:1 Verse 1. Now in the first year] This is word for word with the two last verses of the preceding book; which stand here in their proper place and connection, but there are entirely destitute of chronological connection and reference.
Cyrus] This prince, so eminent in antiquity, is said to have been the son of Cambyses king of Persia, and Mandane, daughter of Astyages king of the Medes; and was born about six hundred years before Christ. Josephus accounts for his partiality to the Jews from this circumstance; that he was shown the places in Isaiah the prophet where he is mentioned by name, and his exploits and conquests foretold: see Isa. xliv. 28; xlv. 1, &c. Finding himself thus distinguished by the God of the Jews, he was anxious to give him proofs of his gratitude in return; and so made the decree in favour of the Jews, restored their sacred vessels, gave them liberty to return to their own land, and encouraged them to rebuild the temple of Jehovah, &c.
It is very probable that when Cyrus took Babylon he found Daniel there, who had been long famed as one of the wisest ministers of state in all the East; and it is most likely that it was this person who pointed out to him the prophecy of Isaiah, and gave him those farther intimations relative to the Divine will which were revealed to himself. Of his death there are contradictory accounts. Herodotus says, that having turned his arms against the Massagetes, and killed the son of Tomyris their queen, the mother, impatient to avenge the death of her son, sent him a defiance; promised to glut him with blood; and, having attacked him, pretended to be worsted and to fly; and thus she drew him and his army into an ambuscade, where he was routed and slain, and a considerable part of his army destroyed. The enraged queen having found his body, cut off his head, and threw it into a vessel full of human blood, with this most bitter sarcasm:- eu men, emeu zwshv te kai nikwshv ev machn, apwlesav paida ton emon, elwn dolw? se dÆ egw, kataper hpeilhsa, aimatov koresw.- HEROD. Clio, c. 214.
"Although living and victorious, thou hast destroyed me in slaying my son, whom thou hast overcome by deceit; but, as I have threatened, I will now slake thy thirst with blood." Cyrus, thy thirst was blood, now drink thy fill.
By-Jeremiah] This prophet, Jer. xxv. 12; xxix. 11, had foretold that the Babylonish captivity should last only seventy years: these were now ended; Cyrus had given the Jews permission and encouragement to return to Judea, and rebuild the temple of the Lord; and thus the prediction of Jeremiah was fulfilled.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia , etc.] Not in the first of his reign over Persia, for he had been many years king over that, and now had all the kingdoms of the earth given him, ( Ezra 1:2), but over Babylon, and the dominions belonging to it, which commenced with Darius upon the taking of Babylon; he reigned in all thirty years, as Cicero from a Persian writer relates; or twenty nine, according to Herodotus f8 ; but in what year this was is not certain; Africanus f9 , has proved, from various historians, that it was the first year of the fifty fifth Olympiad, perhaps about the twentieth of Cyrus’s Persian government f10 ; (See Gill on “ Daniel 10:1”), that the word of the Lord, by the mouth of Jeremiah, might be fulfilled ; which foretold that the Jews should return from their captivity at the end of seventy years, which fell on the first of Cyrus, reckoning from the fourth of Jehoiakim, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar, (see Jeremiah 25:1,11,12 29:10). The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia ; who has the hearts of all men in his hands, and even of the kings of the earth, and can turn them as he pleases; he wrought upon him, put it into his heart, enlightened his mind, showed him what was right, and his duty to do, and pressed him to the performance of it; so that he could not be easy until he had done it, and he was made thoroughly willing, and even eager to do it: that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom , and put it also in writing; gave it in writing to his heralds to read and proclaim throughout all his dominions: saying ; as follows.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-4 - The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. The hearts of kings are in the hand of the Lord. God governs the world by his influence on the spirit of men; whatever good they do, God stirs up their spirits to do it. It was during the captivity of the Jews, that God principally employe them as the means of calling the attention of the heathen to him. Cyru took it for granted, that those among the Jews who were able, woul offer free-will offerings for the house of God. He would also have the supplied out of his kingdom. Well-wishers to the temple should be well-doers for it.
Original Hebrew ובשׁנת 8141 אחת 259 לכורשׁ 3566 מלך 4428 פרס 6539 לכלות 3615 דבר 1697 יהוה 3068 מפי 6310 ירמיה 3414 העיר 5782 יהוה 3068 את 853 רוח 7307 כרשׁ 3566 מלך 4428 פרס 6539 ויעבר 5674 קול 6963 בכל 3605 מלכותו 4438 וגם 1571 במכתב 4385 לאמר׃ 559