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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Hebrews 12:21


    CHAPTERS: Hebrews 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

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    King James Bible - Hebrew 12:21

    And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

    World English Bible

    and so fearful was the appearance, that
    Moses said, "I am terrified and trembling."

    Douay-Rheims - Hebrew 12:21

    And so terrible was that which was seen,
    Moses said: I am frighted, and tremble.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And so terrible was the sight, that
    Moses said, I exceedingly fear and tremble:)

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 ουτως 3779 φοβερον 5398 ην 2258 5713 το 3588 φανταζομενον 5324 5746 μωσης 3475 ειπεν 2036 5627 εκφοβος 1630 ειμι 1510 5748 και 2532 εντρομος 1790

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (21) -
    Ex 19:16,19 Ps 119:120 Isa 6:3-5 Da 10:8,17 Re 1:17

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 12:21

    y tan terrible cosa era lo que se veía, que Moiss dijo: Estoy asombrado y temblando).

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 21. And so
    terrible was the sight , etc..] Of the smoke, fire, and lightnings; or of God himself, who descended on the mount; with which agrees the Arabic version, which renders the words, and so terrible was he who vouchsafed himself to be seen; not in the bush burning with fire; at which time Moses was afraid to look upon God, ( Exodus 3:6) but on Mount Sinai, when the law was given: [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake : perhaps he might say this, when he spake, and God answered him, ( Exodus 19:19). These words are nowhere recorded in Scripture; wherefore the apostle had them either by divine revelation, or from tradition, confirmed by the former: for the Jews have a notion that Moses did quake and tremble, and when upon the mount; and that he expressed his fear and dread. They have such a tradition as this f294 ; when Moses ascended on high, the ministering angels said before the holy blessed God, Lord of the world, what has this man, born of a woman, to do among us? he said unto them, to receive the law he is come; they replied before him, that desirable treasure, which is treasured up with thee, nine hundred, and seventy, and four generations, before the world was created, dost thou seek to give to flesh and blood? What is man, that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man, that thou visitest him? who hast set thy glory above the heavens! The holy blessed God said to Moses, return them an answer; he said, before him, Lord of the world, an[ aryytm , I am afraid, lest they should burn, (or consume) me, with the breath of their mouth.

    Compare this last clause with ( 2 Thessalonians 2:8) and elsewhere f295 those words being cited, he called unto Moses, ( Exodus 25:16) it is observed: this Scripture comes not, but wyl[ yyal to terrify him; that so the law might be given with fear, fervour, and trembling; as it is said, ( Psalm 2:11) Once more f296 , at the time that the holy blessed God said to Moses, go, get thee down, for thy people have corrupted themselves, ( Exodus 32:7) hm [z[dza , Moses trembled; and he could not speak, etc..

    And again, it is said f297 , that when Moses was on Mount Sinai, supplicating for the people of Israel, five destroying angels appeared, and immediately hm aryytn , Moses was afraid. Now this circumstance is mentioned by the apostle, to aggravate the terror of that dispensation; that Moses, a great and good man; and who had much familiarity with God; the general of the people of Israel; their leader and commander; a man of great courage and presence of mind; and was their mediator between God and them; and yet feared, and quaked: the best of men are not without sin; and the most holy man on earth cannot stand before a holy God, and his holy law, upon the foot of his own righteousness, without trembling: it is an awful thing to draw nigh to God; and there is no such thing as doing it without a Mediator; and that Mediator must be more than a creature: and it is our happiness that we have such a Mediator, who never feared, nor quaked; who failed not, nor was he discouraged.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 18-29 - Mount Sinai, on which the Jewish church state was formed, was a moun such as might be touched, though forbidden to be so, a place that coul be felt; so the Mosaic dispensation was much in outward and earthl things. The gospel state is kind and condescending, suited to our wea frame. Under the gospel all may come with boldness to God's presence But the most holy must despair, if judged by the holy law given from Sinai, without a Saviour. The gospel church is called Mount Zion; ther believers have clearer views of heaven, and more heavenly tempers of soul. All the children of God are heirs, and every one has the privileges of the first-born. Let a soul be supposed to join tha glorious assembly and church above, that is yet unacquainted with God still carnally-minded, loving this present world and state of things looking back to it with a lingering eye, full of pride and guile filled with lusts; such a soul would seem to have mistaken its way place, state, and company. It would be uneasy to itself and all abou it. Christ is the Mediator of this new covenant, between God and man to bring them together in this covenant; to keep them together; to plead with God for us, and to plead with us for God; and at length to bring God and his people together in heaven. This covenant is made fir by the blood of Christ sprinkled upon our consciences, as the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled upon the altar and the victim. This bloo of Christ speaks in behalf of sinners; it pleads not for vengeance, but for mercy. See then that you refuse not his gracious call and offere salvation. See that you do not refuse Him who speaketh from heaven with infinite tenderness and love; for how can those escape, who tur from God in unbelief or apostacy, while he so graciously beseeches the to be reconciled, and to receive his everlasting favour! God's dealin with men under the gospel, in a way of grace, assures us, that he wil deal with the despisers of the gospel, in a way of judgment. We cannot worship God acceptably, unless we worship him with reverence and godl fear. Only the grace of God enables us to worship God aright. God is the same just and righteous God under the gospel as under the law. The inheritance of believers is secured to them; and all things pertainin to salvation are freely given in answer to prayer. Let us seek for grace, that we may serve God with reverence and godly fear __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 ουτως 3779 φοβερον 5398 ην 2258 5713 το 3588 φανταζομενον 5324 5746 μωσης 3475 ειπεν 2036 5627 εκφοβος 1630 ειμι 1510 5748 και 2532 εντρομος 1790

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    21. The sight (to fantazomenon). N.T.o . LXX, Wisd. vi. 16; Sir. xxxi. 5. Rend. "the
    appearance": that which was made to appear.

    I exceedingly fear and quake (ekfobov eimi kai entromov). Lit. I am frightened away (or out) and trembling. Ekfobov only here and Mark ix. 6. Comp. LXX, Deut. ix. 19. Entromov, only Acts vii. 32; xvi. 29. Rare in LXX.



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