SEV Biblia, Chapter 49:23 Â¶ De Damasco: Se confundió Hamat, y Arfad, porque oyeron malas nuevas; se derritieron en aguas de desmayo, no pueden sosegarse.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Jeremiah 49:23 Verse 23. CONCERNING DAMASCUS.] This is the head or title of another prophecy. Damascus was one of the principal cities of Syria. It was taken by David, 2 Sam. viii. 6, was retaken in the reign of Solomon, 1 Kings xi. 24, &c., and regained its independence. Its kings were often at war with the ten tribes, and once it joined with them for the destruction of Judah.
To defend himself against these powerful enemies Ahaz made a league with the king of Assyria, who besieged Damascus, took, and demolished it. From that time we hear nothing of Damascus till we meet with it in this prophecy. It appears to have been rebuilt and restored to some consequence. It made an obstinate resistance to Nebuchadnezzar; but was at last taken and sacked by him. At present it is both a large and populous city, with considerable commerce.
Hamath is confounded] This is a city of Syria, on the Orontes. The Greeks called it Epiphania.
Arpad] Not far from Damascus.
Sorrow on the sea] They are like the troubled sea, that cannot rest.
Matthew Henry Commentary
Prophecies relative to the Ammonites. (Jer. 49:1-6) The Edomites. (Jer 49:7-22) The Syrians. (Jer. 49:23-27) The Kedarenes. (Jer. 49:28-33 The Elamites. (Jer. 49:34-39)
Jer. 49:1-6. Might often prevails against right among men, yet tha might shall be controlled by the Almighty, who judges aright; and thos will find themselves mistaken, who, like the Ammonites, think ever thing their own on which they can lay their hands. The Lord will cal men to account for every instance of dishonesty, especially to the destitute.
Jer. 49:7-22 The Edomites were old enemies to the Israel of God. But their day is now at hand; it is foretold, not only to warn them, but for the sake of the Israel of God, whose afflictions were aggravated by them. Thus Divine judgments go round from nation to nation; the eart is full of commotion, and nothing can escape the ministers of Divin vengeance. The righteousness of God is to be observed amidst the violence of men.
Jer. 49:23-27 How easily God can dispirit those nations that have bee most celebrated for valour! Damascus waxes feeble. It was a city of joy, having all the delights of the sons of men. But those deceiv themselves who place their happiness in carnal joys.
Jer. 49:28-33 Nebuchadnezzar would make desolation among the people of Kedar, who dwelt in the deserts of Arabia. He who conquered many stron cities, will not leave those unconquered that dwell in tents. He wil do this to gratify his own covetousness and ambition; but God orders it for correcting an unthankful people, and for warning a careless worl to expect trouble when they seem most safe. They shall flee, get fa off, and dwell deep in the deserts; they shall be dispersed. But privacy and obscurity are not always protection and security.
Jer. 49:34-39 The Elamites were the Persians; they acted against God' Israel, and must be reckoned with. Evil pursues sinners. God will make them know that he reigns. Yet the destruction of Elam shall not be for ever. But this promise was to have its full accomplishment in the day of the Messiah. In reading the Divine assurance of the destruction of all the enemies of the church, the believer sees that the issue of the holy war is not doubtful. It is blessed to recollect, that He who is for us, is more than all against us. And he will subdue the enemies of our souls __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew לדמשׂק 1834 בושׁה 954 חמת 2574 וארפד 774 כי 3588 שׁמעה 8052 רעה 7451 שׁמעו 8085 נמגו 4127 בים 3220 דאגה 1674 השׁקט 8252 לא 3808 יוכל׃ 3201