SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:5 Entonces degollará el becerro en la presencia del SEÑOR; y los sacerdotes, hijos de Aarón, ofrecerán la sangre, y la rociarán alrededor sobre el altar, el cual está a la puerta del tabernáculo del testimonio.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 5. And he shall kill the bullock before the Lord , etc.] That is, the man that brings the burnt offering, for no other is yet spoken of; and according to the traditions of the elders f8 , killing of the sacrifice was right when done by strangers, by women, and by servants, and by unclean persons, even in the most holy things so be it that the unclean did not touch the flesh; and it is observed f9 , that the service of the priest begins in the next clause, killing being lawful by him that was not a priest, according to the Targum of Jonathan, the butcher; but Aben Ezra interprets it of the priests, and certain it is, that the burnt offerings of the fowls were killed by the priests, ( Leviticus 1:15) and the Septuagint version renders it, “and they shall kill”: but be this as it will, the burnt offering was to be killed in the court before the Lord; and this was typical of the death of Christ, who, according to these types, as well as to other prophecies, was to die for the sins of men, and accordingly did; and if this was the proprietor and not the priest that killed the sacrifice, it may denote that the sins of God’s people, for whom Christ’s sacrifice was offered up, were the cause of his death: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall bring the blood : in vessels or basins, as the Targum of Jonathan adds, into which they received it when slain: and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation ; which was the altar of burnt offering, and not the altar of incense, as appears by the situation of it, (see Exodus 40:5,6) and the blood was sprinkled all around the altar with two sprinklings: the rule in the Misnah is f10 ; the slaying of the burnt offering is in the north, and the reception of its blood into the ministering vessels is in the north, and its blood ought to have two sprinklings, which answer to four; which Maimonides explains thus; because it is said “round about”, it must needs be that the sprinklings should comprehend the four sides of the altar; and this is done when the two sprinklings are upon the two horns, which are diametrically opposite; and this is what is meant, “which are four”; the sense is, that those two should include the four sides, and the two opposite horns were the northeast and the southwest, as he and other Jewish writers observe f12 , and which he expresses more clearly elsewhere f13 : when the priest took the blood in the basin, he sprinkled out of it in the basin, two sprinklings upon the two corners of the altar opposite from it; and he ordered it so to sprinkle the blood upon the horn, that the blood might surround the corners in the form of the Greek letter “gamma” f14 ; so that the blood of the two sprinklings might be found upon the four sides of the altar; because it is said of the burnt offerings, and of the peace offerings “round about”; and this is the law for the trespass offering, and the rest of the blood was poured out at the bottom southward: now this was always done by a priest, for though the bullock might be killed by a stranger, as Gersom on the place observes, yet its blood must be sprinkled by a priest; and it is the note of Aben Ezra, that this might be done by many, and therefore it is said, the “priests, Aaron’s sons”, when the slaying of it was only by one. The “altar” on which the blood was sprinkled typified the divinity of Christ, which gave virtue to his blood, whereby it made atonement for sin; and in allusion to this rite Christ’s blood is called “the blood of sprinkling”, ( 1 Peter 1:2) ( Hebrews 12:24) which being sprinkled on the heart by the Spirit of God clears it from an evil conscience, and purges the conscience from dead works, and speaks peace and pardon there, ( Hebrews 10:22 9:14).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 3-9 - In the due performance of the Levitical ordinances, the mysteries of the spiritual world are represented by corresponding natural objects and future events are exhibited in these rites. Without this, the whol will seem unmeaning ceremonies. There is in these things a type of the sufferings of the Son of God, who was to be a sacrifice for the sins of the whole world? The burning body of an animal was but a fain representation of that everlasting misery, which we all have deserved and which our blessed Lord bore in his body and in his soul, when he died under the load of our iniquities. Observe, 1. The beast to be offered must be without blemish. This signified the strength and purit that were in Christ, and the holy life that should be in his people. 2 The owner must offer it of his own free will. What is done in religion so as to please God, must be done by love. Christ willingly offere himself for us. 3. It must be offered at the door of the tabernacle where the brazen altar of burnt-offerings stood, which sanctified the gift: he must offer it at the door, as one unworthy to enter, an acknowledging that a sinner can have no communion with God, but by sacrifice. 4. The offerer must put his hand upon the head of his offering, signifying thereby, his desire and hope that it might be accepted from him, to make atonement for him. 5. The sacrifice was to be killed before the Lord, in an orderly manner, and to honour God. I signified also, that in Christians the flesh must be crucified with it corrupt affections and lust. 6. The priests were to sprinkle the bloo upon the altar; for the blood being the life, that was it which mad atonement. This signified the pacifying and purifying of ou consciences, by the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ upon the by faith. 7. The beast was to be divided into several pieces, and the to be burned upon the altar. The burning of the sacrifice signified the sharp sufferings of Christ, and the devout affections with which, as holy fire, Christians must offer up themselves, their whole spirit soul, and body, unto God. 8. This is said to be an offering of a swee savour. As an act of obedience to a Divine command, and a type of Christ, this was well-pleasing to God; and the spiritual sacrifices of Christians are acceptable to God, through Christ, 1Pe 2:5.
Original Hebrew ושׁחט 7819 את 853 בן 1121 הבקר 1241 לפני 6440 יהוה 3068 והקריבו 7126 בני 1121 אהרן 175 הכהנים 3548 את 853 הדם 1818 וזרקו 2236 את 853 הדם 1818 על 5921 המזבח 4196 סביב 5439 אשׁר 834 פתח 6607 אהל 168 מועד׃ 4150