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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Leviticus 18:4


    CHAPTERS: Leviticus 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - MISC   |   VIDEO: BIB


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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Leviticus 18:4

    τα 3588 κριματα 2917 μου 3450 ποιησετε 4160 5692 και 2532 τα 3588 προσταγματα μου 3450 φυλαξεσθε πορευεσθαι 4198 5738 εν 1722 1520 αυτοις 846 εγω 1473 κυριος 2962 ο 3588 3739 θεος 2316 υμων 5216

    Douay Rheims Bible

    You shall do my judgments, and shall observe my precepts, and shall walk in them. I am the Lord your God.

    King James Bible - Leviticus 18:4

    Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God.

    World English Bible

    You shall do my ordinances, and you shall keep my statutes, and walk in them: I am Yahweh your God.

    Early Church Father Links

    Npnf-111 vii.xix Pg 19

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Leviticus 18:4

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xx Pg 8
    Because Scripture calls idolsvanities” and “vain things.” See 2 Kings xvii. 15, Ps. xxiv. 4, Isa. lix. 4, Deut. xxxii. 21, etc.

    Whoever, therefore, honours an idol with the name of God, has fallen into idolatry.  But if I speak of them as gods, something must be added to make it appear that I do not call them gods. For even the Scripture names “gods,” but adds “their,” viz. “of the nations:” just as David does when he had named “gods,” where he says, “But the gods of the nations are demons.”328

    328


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.iv Pg 4.1


    Anf-03 iv.iv.xx Pg 8
    Because Scripture calls idolsvanities” and “vain things.” See 2 Kings xvii. 15, Ps. xxiv. 4, Isa. lix. 4, Deut. xxxii. 21, etc.

    Whoever, therefore, honours an idol with the name of God, has fallen into idolatry.  But if I speak of them as gods, something must be added to make it appear that I do not call them gods. For even the Scripture names “gods,” but adds “their,” viz. “of the nations:” just as David does when he had named “gods,” where he says, “But the gods of the nations are demons.”328

    328


    Anf-03 iv.ix.i Pg 19
    Comp. 1 Kings xii. 25–33; 2 Kings xvii. 7–; 17 (in LXX. 3 and 4 Kings). The Eng. ver. speaks of “calves;” the LXX. call them “heifers.”

    Whence is proved that they have ever been depicted, out of the volume of the divine Scriptures, as guilty of the crime of idolatry; whereas our “less”—that is, posterior—people, quitting the idols which formerly it used slavishly to serve, has been converted to the same God from whom Israel, as we have above related, had departed.1138

    1138


    Anf-02 vi.iv.iii Pg 49.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiii Pg 26
    See Ex. xv. 22–26.

    just as we do, who, drawn out from the calamities of the heathendom1405

    1405 Sæculi.

    in which we were tarrying perishing with thirst (that is, deprived of the divine word), drinking, “by the faith which is on Him,”1406

    1406


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.2


    Anf-03 iv.viii.ii.ii Pg 5
    Prov. ix. 10; Ps. cxi. 10.

    But801

    801 Porro.

    fear has its origin in knowledge; for how will a man fear that of which he knows nothing? Therefore he who shall have the fear of God, even if he be ignorant of all things else, if he has attained to the knowledge and truth of God,802

    802 Deum omnium notititam et veritatem adsecutus, i.e., “following the God of all as knowledge and truth.”

    will possess full and perfect wisdom.  This, however, is what philosophy has not clearly realized. For although, in their inquisitive disposition to search into all kinds of learning, the philosophers may seem to have investigated the sacred Scriptures themselves for their antiquity, and to have derived thence some of their opinions; yet because they have interpolated these deductions they prove that they have either despised them wholly or have not fully believed them, for in other cases also the simplicity of truth is shaken803

    803 Nutat.

    by the over-scrupulousness of an irregular belief,804

    804 Passivæ fidei.

    and that they therefore changed them, as their desire of glory grew, into products of their own mind. The consequence of this is, that even that which they had discovered degenerated into uncertainty, and there arose from one or two drops of truth a perfect flood of argumentation. For after they had simply805

    805 Solummodo.

    found God, they did not expound Him as they found Him, but rather disputed about His quality, and His nature, and even about His abode. The Platonists, indeed, (held) Him to care about worldly things, both as the disposer and judge thereof. The Epicureans regarded Him as apathetic806

    806 Otiosum.

    and inert, and (so to say) a non-entity.807

    807 “A nobody.”

    The Stoics believed Him to be outside of the world; the Platonists, within the world.  The God whom they had so imperfectly admitted, they could neither know nor fear; and therefore they could not be wise, since they wandered away indeed from the beginning of wisdom,” that is, “the fear of God.” Proofs are not wanting that among the philosophers there was not only an ignorance, but actual doubt, about the divinity. Diogenes, when asked what was taking place in heaven, answered by saying, “I have never been up there.” Again, whether there were any gods, he replied, “I do not know; only there ought to be gods.”808

    808 Nisi ut sint expedire.

    When Crœsus inquired of Thales of Miletus what he thought of the gods, the latter having taken some time809

    809 Aliquot commeatus.

    to consider, answered by the word “Nothing.”  Even Socrates denied with an air of certainty810

    810 Quasi certus.

    those gods of yours.811

    811 Istos deos.

    Yet he with a like certainty requested that a cock should be sacrificed to Æsculapius.  And therefore when philosophy, in its practice of defining about God, is detected in such uncertainty and inconsistency, what “fear” could it possibly have had of Him whom it was not competent812

    812 Non tenebat.

    clearly to determine? We have been taught to believe of the world that it is god.813

    813 De mundo deo didicimus.

    For such the physical class of theologizers conclude it to be, since they have handed down such views about the gods that Dionysius the Stoic divides them into three kinds. The first, he supposes, includes those gods which are most obvious, as the Sun, Moon, and Stars; the next, those which are not apparent, as Neptune; the remaining one, those which are said to have passed from the human state to the divine, as Hercules and Amphiaraus. In like manner, Arcesilaus makes a threefold form of the divinity—the Olympian, the Astral, the Titanian—sprung from Cœlus and Terra; from which through Saturn and Ops came Neptune, Jupiter, and Orcus, and their entire progeny. Xenocrates, of the Academy, makes a twofold division—the Olympian and the Titanian, which descend from Cœlus and Terra. Most of the Egyptians believe that there are four gods—the Sun and the Moon, the Heaven and the Earth. Along with all the supernal fire Democritus conjectures that the gods arose. Zeno, too, will have it that their nature resembles it. Whence Varro also makes fire to be the soul of the world, that in the world fire governs all things, just as the soul does in ourselves. But all this is most absurd. For he says, Whilst it is in us, we have existence; but as soon as it has left us, we die. Therefore, when fire quits the world in lightning, the world comes to its end.


    Anf-03 v.iii.xliii Pg 4
    Ps. cxi. 10; Prov. i. 7.

    Where the fear of God is, there is seriousness, an honourable and yet thoughtful2295

    2295 Attonita, as if in fear that it might go wrong (Rigalt.).

    diligence, as well as an anxious carefulness and a well-considered admission (to the sacred ministry)2296

    2296 In contrast to the opposite fault of the heresies exposed above.

    and a safely-guarded2297

    2297 Deliberata, where the character was well weighed previous to admission to the eucharist.

    communion, and promotion after good service, and a scrupulous submission (to authority), and a devout attendance,2298

    2298 Apparitio, the duty and office of an apparitor, or attendant on men of higher rank, whether in church or state.

    and a modest gait, and a united church, and God in all things.


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxvii Pg 6
    Jer. vii. 3; Zech. vii. 9, 10, Zech. viii. 17; Isa. i. 17–19.

    And again: “Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips that they speak no guile; depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.”4359

    4359


    Anf-01 v.xvi.i Pg 5
    Isa. i. 19.

    And again, “Ye shall eat flesh even as herbs.”1270

    1270


    Anf-02 vi.ii.x Pg 14.1
    1588 Cod. Sin. here has the singular, “one who ruminates.”

    upon the word of the Lord. <index subject1="Animals" subject2="cloven-footed" title="144" id="vi.ii.x-p15.1"/>But what means the cloven-footed? That the righteous man also walks in this world, yet looks forward to the holy state1589

    1589 Literally, “holy age.”

    [to come]. Behold how well Moses legislated. But how was it possible for them to understand or comprehend these things? We then, rightly understanding his commandments,1590

    1590 Cod. Sin. inserts again, “rightly.”

    explain them as the Lord intended. For this purpose He circumcised our ears and our hearts, that we might understand these things.


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xviii Pg 8.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.vi Pg 28.1


    Anf-03 v.viii.xxvi Pg 8
    Isa. i. 19.

    the expression means the blessings which await the flesh when in the kingdom of God it shall be renewed, and made like the angels, and waiting to obtain the things “which neither eye hath seen, nor ear heard, and which have not entered into the heart of man.”7467

    7467


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.iii Pg 42
    Deut. xi. 26.

    You cannot establish a diversity of authors because there happens to be one of things; for the diversity is itself proposed by one and the same author. Why, however, “Christ was made a curse for us,”5307

    5307


    Anf-01 v.iii.iii Pg 12
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii..

    cast down the altars and temples [of the idols], and burned down the groves, for they were dedicated to demons, and not to God. And he slew the false priests, as the corrupters and deceivers of men, and not the worshippers of the Deity. Wherefore youth is not to be despised when it is devoted to God. But he is to be despised who is of a wicked mind, although he be old, and full of wicked days.653

    653


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 2
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii.

    To such an extent did he display zeal in the cause of godliness, and prove himself a punisher of the ungodly, while he as yet faltered in speech like a child. <index subject1="Samuel" title="121" id="v.xviii.v-p2.2"/>David, too, who was at once a prophet and a king, and the root of our Saviour according to the flesh, while yet a youth is anointed by Samuel to be king.1371

    1371


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 70.2


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.ix Pg 4.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxx Pg 3
    Ps. xix.

    And that we, who have been made wise by them, confess that the statutes of the Lord are sweeter than honey and the honey-comb, is manifest from the fact that, though threatened with death, we do not deny His name. Moreover, it is also manifest to all, that we who believe in Him pray to be kept by Him from strange, i.e., from wicked and deceitful, spirits; as the word of prophecy, personating one of those who believe in Him, figuratively declares. For we do continually beseech God by Jesus Christ to preserve us from the demons which are hostile to the worship of God, and whom we of old time served, in order that, after our conversion by Him to God, we may be blameless. For we call Him Helper and Redeemer, the power of whose name even the demons do fear; and at this day, when they are exorcised in the name of Jesus Christ, crucified under Pontius Pilate, governor of Judæa, they are overcome. And thus it is manifest to all, that His Father has given Him so great power, by virtue of which demons are subdued to His name, and to the dispensation of His suffering.
    rest. And I beheld that horn waging war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of days came; and He gave judgment for the saints of the Most High. And the time came, and the saints of the Most High possessed the kingdom. And it was told me concerning the fourth beast: There shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall prevail over all these kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall destroy and make it thoroughly waste. And the ten horns are ten kings that shall arise; and one shall arise after them;2027

    2027 Literally, “And the ten horns, ten kings shall arise after them.”

    and he shall surpass the first in evil deeds, and he shall subdue three kings, and he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall overthrow the rest of the saints of the Most High, and shall expect to change the seasons and the times. And it shall be delivered into his hands for a time, and times, and half a time. And the judgment sat, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom, and the power, and the great places of the kingdoms under the heavens, were given to the holy people of the Most High, to reign in an everlasting kingdom: and all powers shall be subject to Him, and shall obey Him. Hitherto is the end of the matter. I, Daniel, was possessed with a very great astonishment, and my speech was changed in me; yet I kept the matter in my heart.’ ”2028

    2028


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.i Pg 21
    Ps. xix. 7.

    from idols unto God. This likewise will be the word concerning which the same Isaiah says, “For the Lord will make a decisive word in the land.”3496

    3496


    Anf-03 iv.viii.ii.ii Pg 5
    Prov. ix. 10; Ps. cxi. 10.

    But801

    801 Porro.

    fear has its origin in knowledge; for how will a man fear that of which he knows nothing? Therefore he who shall have the fear of God, even if he be ignorant of all things else, if he has attained to the knowledge and truth of God,802

    802 Deum omnium notititam et veritatem adsecutus, i.e., “following the God of all as knowledge and truth.”

    will possess full and perfect wisdom.  This, however, is what philosophy has not clearly realized. For although, in their inquisitive disposition to search into all kinds of learning, the philosophers may seem to have investigated the sacred Scriptures themselves for their antiquity, and to have derived thence some of their opinions; yet because they have interpolated these deductions they prove that they have either despised them wholly or have not fully believed them, for in other cases also the simplicity of truth is shaken803

    803 Nutat.

    by the over-scrupulousness of an irregular belief,804

    804 Passivæ fidei.

    and that they therefore changed them, as their desire of glory grew, into products of their own mind. The consequence of this is, that even that which they had discovered degenerated into uncertainty, and there arose from one or two drops of truth a perfect flood of argumentation. For after they had simply805

    805 Solummodo.

    found God, they did not expound Him as they found Him, but rather disputed about His quality, and His nature, and even about His abode. The Platonists, indeed, (held) Him to care about worldly things, both as the disposer and judge thereof. The Epicureans regarded Him as apathetic806

    806 Otiosum.

    and inert, and (so to say) a non-entity.807

    807 “A nobody.”

    The Stoics believed Him to be outside of the world; the Platonists, within the world.  The God whom they had so imperfectly admitted, they could neither know nor fear; and therefore they could not be wise, since they wandered away indeed from the beginning of wisdom,” that is, “the fear of God.” Proofs are not wanting that among the philosophers there was not only an ignorance, but actual doubt, about the divinity. Diogenes, when asked what was taking place in heaven, answered by saying, “I have never been up there.” Again, whether there were any gods, he replied, “I do not know; only there ought to be gods.”808

    808 Nisi ut sint expedire.

    When Crœsus inquired of Thales of Miletus what he thought of the gods, the latter having taken some time809

    809 Aliquot commeatus.

    to consider, answered by the word “Nothing.”  Even Socrates denied with an air of certainty810

    810 Quasi certus.

    those gods of yours.811

    811 Istos deos.

    Yet he with a like certainty requested that a cock should be sacrificed to Æsculapius.  And therefore when philosophy, in its practice of defining about God, is detected in such uncertainty and inconsistency, what “fear” could it possibly have had of Him whom it was not competent812

    812 Non tenebat.

    clearly to determine? We have been taught to believe of the world that it is god.813

    813 De mundo deo didicimus.

    For such the physical class of theologizers conclude it to be, since they have handed down such views about the gods that Dionysius the Stoic divides them into three kinds. The first, he supposes, includes those gods which are most obvious, as the Sun, Moon, and Stars; the next, those which are not apparent, as Neptune; the remaining one, those which are said to have passed from the human state to the divine, as Hercules and Amphiaraus. In like manner, Arcesilaus makes a threefold form of the divinity—the Olympian, the Astral, the Titanian—sprung from Cœlus and Terra; from which through Saturn and Ops came Neptune, Jupiter, and Orcus, and their entire progeny. Xenocrates, of the Academy, makes a twofold division—the Olympian and the Titanian, which descend from Cœlus and Terra. Most of the Egyptians believe that there are four gods—the Sun and the Moon, the Heaven and the Earth. Along with all the supernal fire Democritus conjectures that the gods arose. Zeno, too, will have it that their nature resembles it. Whence Varro also makes fire to be the soul of the world, that in the world fire governs all things, just as the soul does in ourselves. But all this is most absurd. For he says, Whilst it is in us, we have existence; but as soon as it has left us, we die. Therefore, when fire quits the world in lightning, the world comes to its end.


    Anf-03 v.iii.xliii Pg 4
    Ps. cxi. 10; Prov. i. 7.

    Where the fear of God is, there is seriousness, an honourable and yet thoughtful2295

    2295 Attonita, as if in fear that it might go wrong (Rigalt.).

    diligence, as well as an anxious carefulness and a well-considered admission (to the sacred ministry)2296

    2296 In contrast to the opposite fault of the heresies exposed above.

    and a safely-guarded2297

    2297 Deliberata, where the character was well weighed previous to admission to the eucharist.

    communion, and promotion after good service, and a scrupulous submission (to authority), and a devout attendance,2298

    2298 Apparitio, the duty and office of an apparitor, or attendant on men of higher rank, whether in church or state.

    and a modest gait, and a united church, and God in all things.


    Anf-01 ix.iv.xxiv Pg 15
    Prov. i. 7, Prov. ix. 10.

    the sense of sin leads to repentance, and God bestows His compassion upon those who are penitent. <index subject1="Adam, the first" subject2="his repentance signified by the girdle which he made" title="457" id="ix.iv.xxiv-p15.3"/>For [Adam] showed his repentance by his conduct, through means of the girdle [which he used], covering himself with fig-leaves, while there were many other leaves, which would have irritated his body in a less degree. He, however, adopted a dress conformable to his disobedience, being awed by the fear of God; and resisting the erring, the lustful propensity of his flesh (since he had lost his natural disposition and child-like mind, and had come to the knowledge of evil things), he girded a bridle of continence upon himself and his wife, fearing God, and waiting for His coming, and indicating, as it were, some such thing [as follows]: Inasmuch as, he says, I have by disobedience lost that robe of sanctity which I had from the Spirit, I do now also acknowledge that I am deserving of a covering of this nature, which affords no gratification, but which gnaws and frets the body. And he would no doubt have retained this clothing for ever, thus humbling himself, if God, who is merciful, had not clothed them with tunics of skins instead of fig-leaves. For this purpose, too, He interrogates them, that the blame might light upon the woman; and again, He interrogates her, that she might convey the blame to the serpent. For she related what had occurred. “The serpent,” says she, “beguiled me, and I did eat.”3766

    3766


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 12.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.vii Pg 7.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.vii Pg 18.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vii.xii Pg 8.1


    Anf-03 v.iii.xliii Pg 4
    Ps. cxi. 10; Prov. i. 7.

    Where the fear of God is, there is seriousness, an honourable and yet thoughtful2295

    2295 Attonita, as if in fear that it might go wrong (Rigalt.).

    diligence, as well as an anxious carefulness and a well-considered admission (to the sacred ministry)2296

    2296 In contrast to the opposite fault of the heresies exposed above.

    and a safely-guarded2297

    2297 Deliberata, where the character was well weighed previous to admission to the eucharist.

    communion, and promotion after good service, and a scrupulous submission (to authority), and a devout attendance,2298

    2298 Apparitio, the duty and office of an apparitor, or attendant on men of higher rank, whether in church or state.

    and a modest gait, and a united church, and God in all things.


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.xix Pg 15.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.xix Pg 31
    Job 5.12,13" id="v.iv.vi.xix-p31.1" parsed="|Isa|29|14|0|0;|1Cor|1|19|0|0;|Jer|8|9|0|0;|Job|5|12|5|13" osisRef="Bible:Isa.29.14 Bible:1Cor.1.19 Bible:Jer.8.9 Bible:Job.5.12-Job.5.13">Isa. xxix. 14, quoted 1 Cor. i. 19; comp. Jer. viii. 9 and Job v. 12, 13.

    Thanks to this simplicity of truth, so opposed to the subtlety and vain deceit of philosophy, we cannot possibly have any relish for such perverse opinions.  Then, if God “quickens us together with Christ, forgiving us our trespasses,”6086

    6086


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.ix Pg 72.1


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 25
    Deut. iv. 14.

    These things, therefore, which were given for bondage, and for a sign to them, He cancelled by the new covenant of liberty. But He has increased and widened those laws which are natural, and noble, and common to all, granting to men largely and without grudging, by means of adoption, to know God the Father, and to love Him with the whole heart, and to follow His word unswervingly, while they abstain not only from evil deeds, but even from the desire after them. But He has also increased the feeling of reverence; for sons should have more veneration than slaves, and greater love for their father. And therefore the Lord says, “As to every idle word that men have spoken, they shall render an account for it in the day of judgment.”4003

    4003


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.vii Pg 28.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxv Pg 50
    Ex. xx. 12 and Deut. vi. 2.

    and the Lord to have therefore answered him according to the law, “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength,”4513

    4513


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-01 vi.ii.ii Pg 6
    Jer. vii. 22; Zech. viii. 17.

    We ought therefore, being possessed of understanding, to perceive the gracious intention of our Father; for He speaks to us, desirous that we, not1461

    1461


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 39.1


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 39.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxi Pg 16
    Jer. vii. 23.

    This is the invitation of God. “But,” says He, “they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear.”4740

    4740


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxvi Pg 22
    Mic. vi. 8. The last clause agrees with the Septuagint: καὶ ἕτοιμον εἶναι τοῦ πορεύεσθαι μετὰ Κυρίου Θεοῦ σου.

    Now Christ is the man who tells us what is good, even the knowledge of the law. “Thou knowest,” says He, “the commandments.” “To do justly”—“Sell all that thou hast;” “to love mercy”—“Give to the poor:” “and to be ready to walk with God”—“And come,” says He, “follow me.”4937

    4937 The clauses of Christ’s words, which are here adapted to Micah’s, are in every case broken with an inquit.

    The Jewish nation was from its beginning so carefully divided into tribes and clans, and families and houses, that no man could very well have been ignorant of his descent—even from the recent assessments of Augustus, which were still probably extant at this time.4938

    4938 Tunc pendentibus: i.e., at the time mentioned in the story of the blind man.

    But the Jesus of Marcion (although there could be no doubt of a person’s having been born, who was seen to be a man), as being unborn, could not, of course, have possessed any public testimonial4939

    4939 Notitiam.

    of his descent, but was to be regarded as one of that obscure class of whom nothing was in any way known.  Why then did the blind man, on hearing that He was passing by, exclaim, “Jesus, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me?”4940

    4940


    Anf-02 vi.iv.i.xix Pg 22.1


    Anf-01 v.xvii.xii Pg 3
    Matt. iv. 10; Deut. vi. 13.

    I know the one [God]; I am acquainted with the only [Lord] from whom thou hast become an apostate. I am not an enemy of God; I acknowledge His pre-eminence; I know the Father, who is the author of my generation.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxiii Pg 3
    Deut. vi. 4, 5; 13.

    Then in the Gospel, casting down the apostasy by means of these expressions, He did both overcome the strong man by His Father’s voice, and He acknowledges the commandment of the law to express His own sentiments, when He says, “Thou shall not tempt the Lord thy God.”4642

    4642


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 v.xvii.xii Pg 3
    Matt. iv. 10; Deut. vi. 13.

    I know the one [God]; I am acquainted with the only [Lord] from whom thou hast become an apostate. I am not an enemy of God; I acknowledge His pre-eminence; I know the Father, who is the author of my generation.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxiii Pg 3
    Deut. vi. 4, 5; 13.

    Then in the Gospel, casting down the apostasy by means of these expressions, He did both overcome the strong man by His Father’s voice, and He acknowledges the commandment of the law to express His own sentiments, when He says, “Thou shall not tempt the Lord thy God.”4642

    4642


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 2
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii.

    To such an extent did he display zeal in the cause of godliness, and prove himself a punisher of the ungodly, while he as yet faltered in speech like a child. <index subject1="Samuel" title="121" id="v.xviii.v-p2.2"/>David, too, who was at once a prophet and a king, and the root of our Saviour according to the flesh, while yet a youth is anointed by Samuel to be king.1371

    1371


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxvi Pg 22
    Mic. vi. 8. The last clause agrees with the Septuagint: καὶ ἕτοιμον εἶναι τοῦ πορεύεσθαι μετὰ Κυρίου Θεοῦ σου.

    Now Christ is the man who tells us what is good, even the knowledge of the law. “Thou knowest,” says He, “the commandments.” “To do justly”—“Sell all that thou hast;” “to love mercy”—“Give to the poor:” “and to be ready to walk with God”—“And come,” says He, “follow me.”4937

    4937 The clauses of Christ’s words, which are here adapted to Micah’s, are in every case broken with an inquit.

    The Jewish nation was from its beginning so carefully divided into tribes and clans, and families and houses, that no man could very well have been ignorant of his descent—even from the recent assessments of Augustus, which were still probably extant at this time.4938

    4938 Tunc pendentibus: i.e., at the time mentioned in the story of the blind man.

    But the Jesus of Marcion (although there could be no doubt of a person’s having been born, who was seen to be a man), as being unborn, could not, of course, have possessed any public testimonial4939

    4939 Notitiam.

    of his descent, but was to be regarded as one of that obscure class of whom nothing was in any way known.  Why then did the blind man, on hearing that He was passing by, exclaim, “Jesus, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me?”4940

    4940


    Anf-01 v.xvii.xii Pg 3
    Matt. iv. 10; Deut. vi. 13.

    I know the one [God]; I am acquainted with the only [Lord] from whom thou hast become an apostate. I am not an enemy of God; I acknowledge His pre-eminence; I know the Father, who is the author of my generation.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxiii Pg 3
    Deut. vi. 4, 5; 13.

    Then in the Gospel, casting down the apostasy by means of these expressions, He did both overcome the strong man by His Father’s voice, and He acknowledges the commandment of the law to express His own sentiments, when He says, “Thou shall not tempt the Lord thy God.”4642

    4642


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 26.1


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 2
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii.

    To such an extent did he display zeal in the cause of godliness, and prove himself a punisher of the ungodly, while he as yet faltered in speech like a child. <index subject1="Samuel" title="121" id="v.xviii.v-p2.2"/>David, too, who was at once a prophet and a king, and the root of our Saviour according to the flesh, while yet a youth is anointed by Samuel to be king.1371

    1371


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxxvi Pg 22
    Mic. vi. 8. The last clause agrees with the Septuagint: καὶ ἕτοιμον εἶναι τοῦ πορεύεσθαι μετὰ Κυρίου Θεοῦ σου.

    Now Christ is the man who tells us what is good, even the knowledge of the law. “Thou knowest,” says He, “the commandments.” “To do justly”—“Sell all that thou hast;” “to love mercy”—“Give to the poor:” “and to be ready to walk with God”—“And come,” says He, “follow me.”4937

    4937 The clauses of Christ’s words, which are here adapted to Micah’s, are in every case broken with an inquit.

    The Jewish nation was from its beginning so carefully divided into tribes and clans, and families and houses, that no man could very well have been ignorant of his descent—even from the recent assessments of Augustus, which were still probably extant at this time.4938

    4938 Tunc pendentibus: i.e., at the time mentioned in the story of the blind man.

    But the Jesus of Marcion (although there could be no doubt of a person’s having been born, who was seen to be a man), as being unborn, could not, of course, have possessed any public testimonial4939

    4939 Notitiam.

    of his descent, but was to be regarded as one of that obscure class of whom nothing was in any way known.  Why then did the blind man, on hearing that He was passing by, exclaim, “Jesus, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me?”4940

    4940


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.viii Pg 18.1


    Anf-03 iv.viii.ii.ii Pg 5
    Prov. ix. 10; Ps. cxi. 10.

    But801

    801 Porro.

    fear has its origin in knowledge; for how will a man fear that of which he knows nothing? Therefore he who shall have the fear of God, even if he be ignorant of all things else, if he has attained to the knowledge and truth of God,802

    802 Deum omnium notititam et veritatem adsecutus, i.e., “following the God of all as knowledge and truth.”

    will possess full and perfect wisdom.  This, however, is what philosophy has not clearly realized. For although, in their inquisitive disposition to search into all kinds of learning, the philosophers may seem to have investigated the sacred Scriptures themselves for their antiquity, and to have derived thence some of their opinions; yet because they have interpolated these deductions they prove that they have either despised them wholly or have not fully believed them, for in other cases also the simplicity of truth is shaken803

    803 Nutat.

    by the over-scrupulousness of an irregular belief,804

    804 Passivæ fidei.

    and that they therefore changed them, as their desire of glory grew, into products of their own mind. The consequence of this is, that even that which they had discovered degenerated into uncertainty, and there arose from one or two drops of truth a perfect flood of argumentation. For after they had simply805

    805 Solummodo.

    found God, they did not expound Him as they found Him, but rather disputed about His quality, and His nature, and even about His abode. The Platonists, indeed, (held) Him to care about worldly things, both as the disposer and judge thereof. The Epicureans regarded Him as apathetic806

    806 Otiosum.

    and inert, and (so to say) a non-entity.807

    807 “A nobody.”

    The Stoics believed Him to be outside of the world; the Platonists, within the world.  The God whom they had so imperfectly admitted, they could neither know nor fear; and therefore they could not be wise, since they wandered away indeed from the beginning of wisdom,” that is, “the fear of God.” Proofs are not wanting that among the philosophers there was not only an ignorance, but actual doubt, about the divinity. Diogenes, when asked what was taking place in heaven, answered by saying, “I have never been up there.” Again, whether there were any gods, he replied, “I do not know; only there ought to be gods.”808

    808 Nisi ut sint expedire.

    When Crœsus inquired of Thales of Miletus what he thought of the gods, the latter having taken some time809

    809 Aliquot commeatus.

    to consider, answered by the word “Nothing.”  Even Socrates denied with an air of certainty810

    810 Quasi certus.

    those gods of yours.811

    811 Istos deos.

    Yet he with a like certainty requested that a cock should be sacrificed to Æsculapius.  And therefore when philosophy, in its practice of defining about God, is detected in such uncertainty and inconsistency, what “fear” could it possibly have had of Him whom it was not competent812

    812 Non tenebat.

    clearly to determine? We have been taught to believe of the world that it is god.813

    813 De mundo deo didicimus.

    For such the physical class of theologizers conclude it to be, since they have handed down such views about the gods that Dionysius the Stoic divides them into three kinds. The first, he supposes, includes those gods which are most obvious, as the Sun, Moon, and Stars; the next, those which are not apparent, as Neptune; the remaining one, those which are said to have passed from the human state to the divine, as Hercules and Amphiaraus. In like manner, Arcesilaus makes a threefold form of the divinity—the Olympian, the Astral, the Titanian—sprung from Cœlus and Terra; from which through Saturn and Ops came Neptune, Jupiter, and Orcus, and their entire progeny. Xenocrates, of the Academy, makes a twofold division—the Olympian and the Titanian, which descend from Cœlus and Terra. Most of the Egyptians believe that there are four gods—the Sun and the Moon, the Heaven and the Earth. Along with all the supernal fire Democritus conjectures that the gods arose. Zeno, too, will have it that their nature resembles it. Whence Varro also makes fire to be the soul of the world, that in the world fire governs all things, just as the soul does in ourselves. But all this is most absurd. For he says, Whilst it is in us, we have existence; but as soon as it has left us, we die. Therefore, when fire quits the world in lightning, the world comes to its end.


    Anf-03 v.iii.xliii Pg 4
    Ps. cxi. 10; Prov. i. 7.

    Where the fear of God is, there is seriousness, an honourable and yet thoughtful2295

    2295 Attonita, as if in fear that it might go wrong (Rigalt.).

    diligence, as well as an anxious carefulness and a well-considered admission (to the sacred ministry)2296

    2296 In contrast to the opposite fault of the heresies exposed above.

    and a safely-guarded2297

    2297 Deliberata, where the character was well weighed previous to admission to the eucharist.

    communion, and promotion after good service, and a scrupulous submission (to authority), and a devout attendance,2298

    2298 Apparitio, the duty and office of an apparitor, or attendant on men of higher rank, whether in church or state.

    and a modest gait, and a united church, and God in all things.


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxx Pg 3
    Ps. xix.

    And that we, who have been made wise by them, confess that the statutes of the Lord are sweeter than honey and the honey-comb, is manifest from the fact that, though threatened with death, we do not deny His name. Moreover, it is also manifest to all, that we who believe in Him pray to be kept by Him from strange, i.e., from wicked and deceitful, spirits; as the word of prophecy, personating one of those who believe in Him, figuratively declares. For we do continually beseech God by Jesus Christ to preserve us from the demons which are hostile to the worship of God, and whom we of old time served, in order that, after our conversion by Him to God, we may be blameless. For we call Him Helper and Redeemer, the power of whose name even the demons do fear; and at this day, when they are exorcised in the name of Jesus Christ, crucified under Pontius Pilate, governor of Judæa, they are overcome. And thus it is manifest to all, that His Father has given Him so great power, by virtue of which demons are subdued to His name, and to the dispensation of His suffering.
    rest. And I beheld that horn waging war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of days came; and He gave judgment for the saints of the Most High. And the time came, and the saints of the Most High possessed the kingdom. And it was told me concerning the fourth beast: There shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall prevail over all these kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall destroy and make it thoroughly waste. And the ten horns are ten kings that shall arise; and one shall arise after them;2027

    2027 Literally, “And the ten horns, ten kings shall arise after them.”

    and he shall surpass the first in evil deeds, and he shall subdue three kings, and he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall overthrow the rest of the saints of the Most High, and shall expect to change the seasons and the times. And it shall be delivered into his hands for a time, and times, and half a time. And the judgment sat, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom, and the power, and the great places of the kingdoms under the heavens, were given to the holy people of the Most High, to reign in an everlasting kingdom: and all powers shall be subject to Him, and shall obey Him. Hitherto is the end of the matter. I, Daniel, was possessed with a very great astonishment, and my speech was changed in me; yet I kept the matter in my heart.’ ”2028

    2028


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xvii Pg 25
    Ps. xix. 11.

    He then has taunted4116

    4116 Suggillavit.

    men as ungrateful who deserved to have their gratitude—even He, whose sunshine and rain even you, O Marcion, have enjoyed, but without gratitude! Your god, however, had no right to complain of man’s ingratitude, because he had used no means to make them grateful. Compassion also does He teach: “Be ye merciful,” says He, “as your Father also that had mercy upon you.”4117

    4117


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ii.x Pg 2.1


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Npnf-201 iii.ix.xv Pg 33


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xvii Pg 25
    Deut. iv. 14.

    These things, therefore, which were given for bondage, and for a sign to them, He cancelled by the new covenant of liberty. But He has increased and widened those laws which are natural, and noble, and common to all, granting to men largely and without grudging, by means of adoption, to know God the Father, and to love Him with the whole heart, and to follow His word unswervingly, while they abstain not only from evil deeds, but even from the desire after them. But He has also increased the feeling of reverence; for sons should have more veneration than slaves, and greater love for their father. And therefore the Lord says, “As to every idle word that men have spoken, they shall render an account for it in the day of judgment.”4003

    4003


    Anf-01 vi.ii.x Pg 3
    Deut. iv. 1.

    Is there then not a command of God they should not eat [these things]? There is, but Moses spoke with a spiritual reference.1577

    1577 Literally, “in spirit.”

    <index subject1="Swine not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.1"/>For this reason he named the swine, as much as to say, “Thou shalt not join thyself to men who resemble swine.” For when they live in pleasure, they forget their Lord; but when they come to want, they acknowledge the Lord. And [in like manner] the swine, when it has eaten, does not recognize its master; but when hungry it cries out, and on receiving food is quiet again. <index subject1="Birds, not allowed as food to Israel" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p4.2"/>“Neither shalt thou eat,” says he “the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, nor the raven.” “Thou shalt not join thyself,” he means, “to such men as know not how to procure food for themselves by labour and sweat, but seize on that of others in their iniquity, and although wearing an aspect of simplicity, are on the watch to plunder others.”1578

    1578 Cod. Sin. inserts, “and gaze about for some way of escape on account of their greediness, even as these birds alone do not procure food for themselves (by labour), but sitting idle, seek to devour the flesh of others.” The text as above seems preferable: Hilgenfeld, however, follows the Greek.

    So these birds, while they sit idle, inquire how they may devour the flesh of others, proving themselves pests [to all] by their wickedness. <index subject1="Fish, Israel may not eat, spiritual significance of" title="143" id="vi.ii.x-p5.1"/>“And thou shalt not eat,” he says, “the lamprey, or the polypus, or the cuttlefish.” He means, “Thou shalt not join thyself or be like to such men as are ungodly to the end, and are condemned1579

    1579 Cod. Sin. has, “condemned already.”

    to death.” In like manner as those fishes, above accursed, float in the deep, not swimming [on the surface] like the rest, but make their abode in the mud which lies at the bottom. Moreover, “Thou shall not,” he says, “eat the hare.” Wherefore? “Thou shall not be a corrupter of boys, nor like unto such.”1580


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Npnf-201 iii.xiii.xiii Pg 9


    Npnf-201 iv.vii.xviii Pg 37


    Anf-02 vi.iii.i.vii Pg 28.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xxv Pg 50
    Ex. xx. 12 and Deut. vi. 2.

    and the Lord to have therefore answered him according to the law, “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength,”4513

    4513


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxi Pg 2
    Ezek. xx. 19–26.



    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 18

    VERSE 	(4) - 

    :26; 19:37; 20:22 De 4:1,2; 6:1 Ps 105:45; 119:4 Eze 20:19; 36:27


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

    God Rules.NET