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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Nehemiah 10:31


    CHAPTERS: Nehemiah 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39

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    Douay Rheims Bible

    And if the people of the land bring in things to sell, or any things for use, to sell them on the sabbath day, that we would not buy them of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day. And that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every hand.

    King James Bible - Nehemiah 10:31

    And if the people of the
    land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

    World English Bible

    and if the peoples of the
    land bring wares or any grain on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the Sabbath, or on a holy day; and that we would forego the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Nehemiah 10:31

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 vi.ii.xv Pg 3
    Ex. xx. 8; Deut. v. 12.

    And He says in another place, “If my sons keep the Sabbath, then will I cause my mercy to rest upon them.”1656

    1656


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 14
    See Ex. xx. 8; Deut. v. 12, 15: in LXX.


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 5
    See Ex. xx. 8–; 11 and xii. 16 (especially in the LXX.).

    always, and not only every seventh day, but through all time. And through this arises the question for us, what sabbath God willed us to keep? For the Scriptures point to a sabbath eternal and a sabbath temporal. For Isaiah the prophet says, “Your sabbaths my soul hateth;”1189

    1189


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 5
    See Ex. xx. 8–; 11 and xii. 16 (especially in the LXX.).

    always, and not only every seventh day, but through all time. And through this arises the question for us, what sabbath God willed us to keep? For the Scriptures point to a sabbath eternal and a sabbath temporal. For Isaiah the prophet says, “Your sabbaths my soul hateth;”1189

    1189


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 2
    Isa. lviii. 13, 14.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xii Pg 42
    Isa. lviii. 13 and lvi. 2.

    He declared them to be “true, and delightful, and inviolable.” Thus Christ did not at all rescind the Sabbath: He kept the law thereof, and both in the former case did a work which was beneficial to the life of His disciples, for He indulged them with the relief of food when they were hungry, and in the present instance cured the withered hand; in each case intimating by facts, “I came not to destroy, the law, but to fulfil it,”3893

    3893


    Anf-01 v.xviii.v Pg 2
    2 Kings xxii.; xxiii.

    To such an extent did he display zeal in the cause of godliness, and prove himself a punisher of the ungodly, while he as yet faltered in speech like a child. <index subject1="Samuel" title="121" id="v.xviii.v-p2.2"/>David, too, who was at once a prophet and a king, and the root of our Saviour according to the flesh, while yet a youth is anointed by Samuel to be king.1371

    1371


    Anf-02 vi.iii.iii.xii Pg 20.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xxi Pg 3
    Ex. xx. 9, 10.

    For it says, “Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work.” What work?  Of course your own. The conclusion is, that from the Sabbath-day He removes those works which He had before enjoined for the six days, that is, your own works; in other words, human works of daily life. Now, the carrying around of the ark is evidently not an ordinary daily duty, nor yet a human one; but a rare and a sacred work, and, as being then ordered by the direct precept of God, a divine one. And I might fully explain what this signified, were it not a tedious process to open out the forms2960

    2960 Figuras.

    of all the Creator’s proofs, which you would, moreover, probably refuse to allow. It is more to the point, if you be confuted on plain matters2961

    2961 De absolutis.

    by the simplicity of truth rather than curious reasoning. Thus, in the present instance, there is a clear distinction respecting the Sabbath’s prohibition of human labours, not divine ones. Accordingly, the man who went and gathered sticks on the Sabbath-day was punished with death. For it was his own work which he did; and this2962

    2962 [He was not punished for gathering sticks, but for setting an example of contempt of the Divine Law.]

    the law forbade. They, however, who on the Sabbath carried the ark round Jericho, did it with impunity. For it was not their own work, but God’s, which they executed, and that too, from His express commandment.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xii Pg 27
    It is impossible to say where Tertullian got this reading.  Perhaps his LXX. copy might have had (in Ex. xx. 10): Οὐ ποιήσεις ἐν αὐτῇ πᾶν ἔργον σου, instead of συ; every clause ending in σου, which follows in that verse.  No critical authority, however, now known warrants such a reading. [It is probably based inferentially on verse 9, “all thy work.”]

    it restricts the prohibition to human work—which every one performs in his own employment or business—and not to divine work.  Now the work of healing or preserving is not proper to man, but to God. So again, in the law it says, “Thou shalt not do any manner of work in it,”3878

    3878


    Anf-01 vi.ii.xv Pg 3
    Ex. xx. 8; Deut. v. 12.

    And He says in another place, “If my sons keep the Sabbath, then will I cause my mercy to rest upon them.”1656

    1656


    Anf-03 iv.ix.iv Pg 14
    See Ex. xx. 8; Deut. v. 12, 15: in LXX.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 2
    Isa. lviii. 13, 14.


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xii Pg 42
    Isa. lviii. 13 and lvi. 2.

    He declared them to be “true, and delightful, and inviolable.” Thus Christ did not at all rescind the Sabbath: He kept the law thereof, and both in the former case did a work which was beneficial to the life of His disciples, for He indulged them with the relief of food when they were hungry, and in the present instance cured the withered hand; in each case intimating by facts, “I came not to destroy, the law, but to fulfil it,”3893

    3893


    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxvii Pg 2
    Isa. lviii. 13, 14.


    Anf-01 ix.vii.xxxv Pg 9
    Isa. lviii. 14.

    This is what the Lord declared: “Happy are those servants whom the Lord when He cometh shall find watching. Verily I say unto you, that He shall gird Himself, and make them to sit down [to meat], and will come forth and serve them. And if He shall come in the evening watch, and find them so, blessed are they, because He shall make them sit down, and minister to them; or if this be in the second, or it be in the third, blessed are they.”4754

    4754


    Edersheim Bible History

    Temple xi Pg 21.9


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 10

    VERSE 	(31) - 

    Ne 13:15-22 Ex 20:10 Le 23:3 De 5:12-14 Isa 58:13,14


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