SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:8 Te acordarás del día del reposo, para santificarlo:
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:8 Verse 8. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.] See what has been already said on this precept, Gen. ii. 2, and elsewhere. See note on "Gen. ii. 2". As this was the most ancient institution, God calls them to remember it; as if he had said, Do not forget that when I had finished my creation I instituted the Sabbath, and remember why I did so, and for what purposes. The word tb shabbath signifies rest or cessation from labour; and the sanctification of the seventh day is commanded, as having something representative in it; and so indeed it has, for it typifies the rest which remains for the people of God, and in this light it evidently appears to have been understood by the apostle, Hebrews 4. Because this commandment has not been particularly mentioned in the New Testament as a moral precept binding on all, therefore some have presumptuously inferred that there is no Sabbath under the Christian dispensation. The truth is, the Sabbath is considered as a type: all types are of full force till the thing signified by them takes place; but the thing signified by the Sabbath is that rest in glory which remains for the people of God, therefore the moral obligation of the Sabbath must continue till time be swallowed up in eternity.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 3-11 - The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRS table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. I cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is fals to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lor our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, i any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mer human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concern the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence an seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters no whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things brea this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, "Remember," shows that it was not no first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so a to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those day we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbat was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all work of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, ar not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for takin care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day i blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and directio to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.
Original Hebrew זכור 2142 את 853 יום 3117 השׁבת 7676 לקדשׁו׃ 6942