SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:16 No hablarás contra tu prójimo falso testimonio.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:16 Verse 16. Thou shalt not bear false witness, &c.] Not only false oaths, to deprive a man of his life or of his right, are here prohibited, but all whispering, tale-bearing, slander, and calumny; in a word, whatever is deposed as a truth, which is false in fact, and tends to injure another in his goods, person, or character, is against the spirit and letter of this law.
Suppressing the truth when known, by which a person may be defrauded of his property or his good name, or lie under injuries or disabilities which a discovery of the truth would have prevented, is also a crime against this law. He who bears a false testimony against or belies even the devil himself, comes under the curse of this law, because his testimony is false.
By the term neighbour any human being is intended, whether he rank among our enemies or friends.
THE TENTH COMMANDMENT AGAINST COVETOUSNESS.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 12-17 - The laws of the SECOND table, that is, the last six of the te commandments, state our duty to ourselves and to one another, an explain the great commandment, Thou shalt love thy neighbour a thyself, Lu 10:27. Godliness and honesty must go together. The fift commandment concerns the duties we owe to our relations. Honour the father and thy mother, includes esteem of them, shown in our conduct obedience to their lawful commands; come when they call you, go wher they send you, do what they bid you, refrain from what they forbid you and this, as children, cheerfully, and from a principle of love. Als submission to their counsels and corrections. Endeavouring, in ever thing, to comfort parents, and to make their old age easy; maintainin them if they need support, which our Saviour makes to be particularl intended in this commandment, Mt 15:4-6. Careful observers have noted peculiar blessing in temporal things on obedient, and the reverse of disobedient children. The sixth commandment requires that we regard the life and the safety of others as we do our own. Magistrates and their officers, and witnesses testifying the truth, do not break thi command. Self-defence is lawful; but much which is not deemed murder by the laws of man, is such before God. Furious passions, stirred up by anger or by drunkenness, are no excuse: more guilty is murder in duels which is a horrible effect of a haughty, revengeful spirit. All fighting, whether for wages, for renown, or out of anger and malice breaks this command, and the bloodshed therein is murder. To tempt me to vice and crimes which shorten life, may be included. Misconduct such as may break the heart, or shorten the lives of parents, wives, or other relatives, is a breach of this command. This command forbids all envy, malice, hatred, or anger, all provoking or insulting language The destruction of our own lives is here forbidden. This commandmen requires a spirit of kindness, longsuffering, and forgiveness. The seventh commandment concerns chastity. We should be as much afraid of that which defiles the body, as of that which destroys it. Whateve tends to pollute the imagination, or to raise the passions, falls unde this law, as impure pictures, books, conversation, or any other lik matters. The eighth commandment is the law of love as it respects the property of others. The portion of worldly things allotted us, as fa as it is obtained in an honest way, is the bread which God hath give us; for that we ought to be thankful, to be contented with it, and, in the use of lawful means, to trust Providence for the future. Imposin upon the ignorance, easiness, or necessity of others, and many othe things, break God's law, though scarcely blamed in society. Plunderer of kingdoms though above human justice, will be included in thi sentence. Defrauding the public, contracting debts without prospect of paying them, or evading payment of just debts, extravagance, all livin upon charity when not needful, all squeezing the poor in their wages these, and such things, break this command; which requires industry frugality, and content, and to do to others, about worldly property, a we would they should do to us. The ninth commandment concerns our ow and our neighbour's good name. This forbids speaking falsely on an matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising or designing to deceive our neighbour. Speaking unjustly against our neighbour, to hur his reputation. Bearing false witness against him, or in commo conversation slandering, backbiting, and tale-bearing; making what is done amiss, worse than it is, and in any way endeavouring to raise ou reputation upon the ruin of our neighbour's. How much this command in every day broken among persons of all ranks! The tenth commandmen strikes at the root; Thou shalt not covet. The others forbid all desir of doing what will be an injury to our neighbour; this forbids all wrong desire of having what will gratify ourselves.
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