SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:3 No tendrás dioses ajenos delante de mí.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:3 Verse 3. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.] µyrja µyhla elohim acherim, no strange gods - none that thou art not acquainted with, none who has not given thee such proofs of his power and godhead as I have done in delivering thee from the Egyptians, dividing the Red Sea, bringing water out of the rock, quails into the desert, manna from heaven to feed thee, and the pillar of cloud to direct, enlighten, and shield thee. By these miracles God had rendered himself familiar to them, they were intimately acquainted with the operation of his hands; and therefore with great propriety he says, Thou shalt have no strange gods before me; ynp l[ al panai, before or in the place of those manifestations which I have made of myself.
This commandment prohibits every species of mental idolatry, and all inordinate attachment to earthly and sensible things. As God is the fountain of happiness, and no intelligent creature can be happy but through him, whoever seeks happiness in the creature is necessarily an idolater; as he puts the creature in the place of the Creator, expecting that from the gratification of his passions, in the use or abuse of earthly things, which is to be found in God alone. The very first commandment of the whole series is divinely calculated to prevent man's misery and promote his happiness, by taking him off from all false dependence, and leading him to God himself, the fountain of all good.
THE SECOND COMMANDMENT AGAINST MAKING AND WORSHIPPING IMAGES.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 3-11 - The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRS table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. I cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is fals to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lor our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, i any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mer human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concern the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence an seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters no whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things brea this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, "Remember," shows that it was not no first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so a to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those day we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbat was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all work of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, ar not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for takin care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day i blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and directio to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.
Original Hebrew לא 3808 יהיה 1961 לך אלהים 430 אחרים 312 על 5921 פני׃ 6440