SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:14 No cometerás adulterio.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:14 Verse 14. Thou shalt not commit adultery.] Adultery, as defined by our laws, is of two kinds; double, when between two married persons; single, when one of the parties is married, the other single. One principal part of the criminality of adultery consists in its injustice. 1. It robs a man of his right by taking from him the affection of his wife. 2. It does him a wrong by fathering on him and obliging him to maintain as his own a spurious offspring-a child which is not his. The act itself, and every thing leading to the act, is prohibited by this commandment; for our Lord says, Even he who looks on a woman to lust after her, has already committed adultery with her in his heart. And not only adultery (the unlawful commerce between two married persons) is forbidden here, but also fornication and all kinds of mental and sensual uncleanness. All impure books, songs, paintings, &c., which tend to inflame and debauch the mind, are against this law, as well as another species of impurity, for the account of which the reader is referred to; See note on "Gen. xxxviii. 30". That fornication was included under this command we may gather from St. Matthew, Matt. xv. 19, where our saviour expresses the sense of the different commandments by a word for each, and mentions them in the order in which they stand; but when he comes to the seventh he uses two words, moiceiai porneiai, to express its meaning, and then goes on to the eighth, &c.; thus evidently showing that fornication was understood to be comprehended under the command, "Thou shalt not commit adultery." As to the word adultery, adulterium, it has probably been derived from the words ad alterius torum, to another's bed; for it is going to the bed of another man that constitutes the act and the crime. Adultery often means idolatry in the worship of God.
THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT AGAINST STEALING AND DISHONESTY.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 12-17 - The laws of the SECOND table, that is, the last six of the te commandments, state our duty to ourselves and to one another, an explain the great commandment, Thou shalt love thy neighbour a thyself, Lu 10:27. Godliness and honesty must go together. The fift commandment concerns the duties we owe to our relations. Honour the father and thy mother, includes esteem of them, shown in our conduct obedience to their lawful commands; come when they call you, go wher they send you, do what they bid you, refrain from what they forbid you and this, as children, cheerfully, and from a principle of love. Als submission to their counsels and corrections. Endeavouring, in ever thing, to comfort parents, and to make their old age easy; maintainin them if they need support, which our Saviour makes to be particularl intended in this commandment, Mt 15:4-6. Careful observers have noted peculiar blessing in temporal things on obedient, and the reverse of disobedient children. The sixth commandment requires that we regard the life and the safety of others as we do our own. Magistrates and their officers, and witnesses testifying the truth, do not break thi command. Self-defence is lawful; but much which is not deemed murder by the laws of man, is such before God. Furious passions, stirred up by anger or by drunkenness, are no excuse: more guilty is murder in duels which is a horrible effect of a haughty, revengeful spirit. All fighting, whether for wages, for renown, or out of anger and malice breaks this command, and the bloodshed therein is murder. To tempt me to vice and crimes which shorten life, may be included. Misconduct such as may break the heart, or shorten the lives of parents, wives, or other relatives, is a breach of this command. This command forbids all envy, malice, hatred, or anger, all provoking or insulting language The destruction of our own lives is here forbidden. This commandmen requires a spirit of kindness, longsuffering, and forgiveness. The seventh commandment concerns chastity. We should be as much afraid of that which defiles the body, as of that which destroys it. Whateve tends to pollute the imagination, or to raise the passions, falls unde this law, as impure pictures, books, conversation, or any other lik matters. The eighth commandment is the law of love as it respects the property of others. The portion of worldly things allotted us, as fa as it is obtained in an honest way, is the bread which God hath give us; for that we ought to be thankful, to be contented with it, and, in the use of lawful means, to trust Providence for the future. Imposin upon the ignorance, easiness, or necessity of others, and many othe things, break God's law, though scarcely blamed in society. Plunderer of kingdoms though above human justice, will be included in thi sentence. Defrauding the public, contracting debts without prospect of paying them, or evading payment of just debts, extravagance, all livin upon charity when not needful, all squeezing the poor in their wages these, and such things, break this command; which requires industry frugality, and content, and to do to others, about worldly property, a we would they should do to us. The ninth commandment concerns our ow and our neighbour's good name. This forbids speaking falsely on an matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising or designing to deceive our neighbour. Speaking unjustly against our neighbour, to hur his reputation. Bearing false witness against him, or in commo conversation slandering, backbiting, and tale-bearing; making what is done amiss, worse than it is, and in any way endeavouring to raise ou reputation upon the ruin of our neighbour's. How much this command in every day broken among persons of all ranks! The tenth commandmen strikes at the root; Thou shalt not covet. The others forbid all desir of doing what will be an injury to our neighbour; this forbids all wrong desire of having what will gratify ourselves.
Original Hebrew לא 3808 תנאף׃ 5003