SEV Biblia, Chapter 34:1 Â¶ Y el SEÑOR dijo a Moisés: Alísate dos tablas de piedra como las primeras, y yo escribiré sobre esas tablas las palabras que estaban en las tablas primeras que quebraste.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 34:1 Verse 1. Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first] In chap. xxxii. 16 we are told that the two first tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God; but here Moses is commanded to provide tables of his own workmanship, and God promises to write on them the words which were on the first. That God wrote the first tables himself, see proved by different passages of Scripture at the end of chap. xxxii. See note at "chap. xxxii. 35". But here, in Exodus xxxiv. 27, it seems as if Moses was commanded to write these words, and in ver. 28 it is said, And he wrote upon the tables; but in Deut. x. 1-4; it is expressly said that God wrote the second tables as well as the first.
In order to reconcile these accounts let us suppose that the ten words, or ten commandments, were written on both tables by the hand of God himself, and that what Moses wrote, ver. 27, was a copy of these to be delivered to the people, while the tables themselves were laid up in the ark before the testimony, whither the people could not go to consult them, and therefore a copy was necessary for the use of the congregation; this copy, being taken off under the direction of God, was authenticated equally with the original, and the original itself was laid up as a record to which all succeeding copies might be continually referred, in order to prevent corruption. This supposition removes the apparent contradiction; and thus both God and Moses may be said to have written the covenant and the ten commandments: the former, the original; the latter, the copy.
This supposition is rendered still more probable by ver. 27 itself: "And the Lord said unto Moses, Write thou these words (that is, as I understand it, a copy of the words which God had already written;) for AFTER THE TENOR (YP LE AL PI, ACCORDING TO THE MOUTH) of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel." Here the original writing is represented by an elegant prosopopoesia, or personification, as speaking and giving out from its own mouth a copy of itself. It may be supposed that this mode of interpretation is contradicted by ver. x18: AND HE wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant; but that the pronoun HE refers to the Lord, and not to Moses, is sufficiently proved by the parallel place, Deuteronomy x. 1-i5: At that time the Lord said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first-and I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables-and I hewed two tables of stone as at the first-And HE wrote on the tables according to the first writing. This determines the business, and proves that God wrote the second as well as the first tables, and that the pronoun in Exodus xxxiv. 28 refers to the LORD, and not to Moses. By this mode of interpretation all contradiction is removed. Houbigant imagines that the difficulty may be removed by supposing that God wrote the ten commandments, and that Moses wrote the other parts of the covenant from ver. 11 to ver. 26, and thus it might be said that both God and Moses wrote on the same tables. This is not an improbable case, and is left to the reader's consideration. See note on "ver. 27".
There still remains a controversy whether what are called the ten commandments were at all written on the first tables, those tables containing, according to some, only the terms of the covenant without the ten words, which are supposed to be added here for the first time. "The following is a general view of this subject. In chap. 20. the ten commandments are given; and at the same time various political and ecclesiastical statutes, which are detailed in chapters 21., 22., and 23. To receive these, Moses had drawn near unto the thick darkness where God was, chap. xx. 21, and having received them he came again with them to the people, according to their request before expressed, chap. xx. 19: Speak thou with us-but let not the Lord speak with us, lest we die, for they had been terrified by the manner in which God had uttered the ten commandments; see chap. xx. 18. After this Moses, with Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and the seventy elders, went up to the mountain; and on his return he announced all these laws unto the people, chap. xxiv. 1-3, &c., and they promised obedience. Still there is no word of the tables of stone.
Then he wrote all in a book, chap. xxiv. 4, which was called the book of the covenant, chap. xxiv. 7. After this there was a second going up of Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and the seventy elders, chap. xxiv. 9, when that glorious discovery of God mentioned in chap. xxiv. 10, 11 took place.
After their coming down Moses is again commanded to go up; and God promises to give him tables of stone, containing a law and precepts, chap. xxiv. 12. This is the first place these tables of stone are mentioned; and thus it appears that the ten commandments, and several other precepts, were given to and accepted by the people, and the covenant sacrifice offered, chap. xxiv. 5, before the tables of stone were either written or mentioned." It is very likely that the commandments, laws, &c., were first published by the Lord in the hearing of the people; repeated afterwards by Moses; and the ten words or commandments, containing the sum and substance of the whole, afterwards written on the first tables of stone, to be kept for a record in the ark. These being broken, as is related chap. xxxii. 19, Moses is commanded to hew out two tables like to the first, and bring them up to the mountain, that God might write upon them what he had written on the former, ver. 1. And that this was accordingly done, see the preceding part of this note.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-4 - When God made man in his own image, the moral law was written in his heart, by the finger of God, without outward means. But since the covenant then made with man was broken, the Lord has used the ministr of men, both in writing the law in the Scriptures, and in writing it in the heart. When God was reconciled to the Israelites, he ordered the tables to be renewed, and wrote his law in them. Even under the gospe of peace by Christ, the moral law continues to bind believers. Thoug Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, yet not from the commands of it. The first and the best evidence of the pardon of sin and peace with God, is the writing the law in the heart.
Original Hebrew ויאמר 559 יהוה 3068 אל 413 משׁה 4872 פסל 6458 לך שׁני 8147 לחת 3871 אבנים 68 כראשׁנים 7223 וכתבתי 3789 על 5921 הלחת 3871 את 853 הדברים 1697 אשׁר 834 היו 1961 על 5921 הלחת 3871 הראשׁנים 7223 אשׁר 834 שׁברת׃ 7665