SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:12 ¬∂ Honra a tu padre y a tu madre, para que tus días sean alargados sobre la tierra que el SE—OR tu Dios te da.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:12 Verse 12. honour thy father and thy mother] There is a degree of affectionate respect which is owing to parents, that no person else can properly claim. For a considerable time parents stand as it were in the place of God to their children, and therefore rebellion against their lawful commands has been considered as rebellion against God. This precept therefore prohibits, not only all injurious acts, irreverent and unkind speeches to parents, but enjoins all necessary acts of kindness, filial respect, and obedience. We can scarcely suppose that a man honours his parents who, when they fall weak, blind, or sick, does not exert himself to the uttermost in their support. In such cases God as truly requires the children to provide for their parents, as he required the parents to feed, nourish, support, instruct, and defend the children when they were in the lowest state of helpless in fancy. See's note on "Gen. xlviii. 12".
The rabbins say, honour the Lord with thy substance, Prov. iii. 9; and, honour thy father and mother. The LORD is to be honoured thus if thou have it; thy father and mother, whether thou have it or not; for if thou have nothing, thou art bound to beg for them. See Ainsworth.
That thy days may be long] This, as the apostle observes, Eph. vi. 2, is the first commandment to which God has annexed a promise; and therefore we may learn in some measure how important the duty is in the sight of God. In Deuteronomy v. 16 it is said, And that it may go well with thee; we may therefore conclude that it will go ill with the disobedient; and there is no doubt that the untimely deaths of many young persons are the judicial consequence of their disobedience to their parents. Most who come to an untimely end are obliged to confess that this, with the breach of the Sabbath, was the principal cause of their ruin. Reader, art thou guilty? Humble thyself therefore before God, and repent. 1. As children are bound to succour their parents, so parents are bound to educate and instruct their children in all useful and necessary knowledge, and not to bring them up either in ignorance or idleness. 2. They should teach their children the fear and knowledge of God, for how can they expect affection or dutiful respect from those who have not the fear of God before their eyes? Those who are best educated are generally the most dutiful. Heathens also inculcated respect to parents.
ouden prov qewn timiwteron agalma an kthsaimeqa patrov kai propatorov pareimenwn ghra, kai mhterwn thn authn dunamin ecouswn? ouv ouqan agallh tiv, timaiv geghqen o qeov. — pas dh noun ecwn fobeitai kai tima, gonenwn eucav eidev polloiv kai pollakiv epiteleiv genomenav.
Plato de Leg., lib. xi., vol. ix, p. 160. Ed. Bipont.
"We can obtain no more honourable possession from the gods than fathers and forefathers worn down with age, and mothers who have undergone the same change, whom when we delight, God is pleased with the honour; and every one that is governed by right understanding fears and reverences them, well knowing that the prayers of parents oftentimes, and in many particulars, have received full accomplishment."
THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT AGAINST MURDER AND CRUELTY.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 12-17 - The laws of the SECOND table, that is, the last six of the te commandments, state our duty to ourselves and to one another, an explain the great commandment, Thou shalt love thy neighbour a thyself, Lu 10:27. Godliness and honesty must go together. The fift commandment concerns the duties we owe to our relations. Honour the father and thy mother, includes esteem of them, shown in our conduct obedience to their lawful commands; come when they call you, go wher they send you, do what they bid you, refrain from what they forbid you and this, as children, cheerfully, and from a principle of love. Als submission to their counsels and corrections. Endeavouring, in ever thing, to comfort parents, and to make their old age easy; maintainin them if they need support, which our Saviour makes to be particularl intended in this commandment, Mt 15:4-6. Careful observers have noted peculiar blessing in temporal things on obedient, and the reverse of disobedient children. The sixth commandment requires that we regard the life and the safety of others as we do our own. Magistrates and their officers, and witnesses testifying the truth, do not break thi command. Self-defence is lawful; but much which is not deemed murder by the laws of man, is such before God. Furious passions, stirred up by anger or by drunkenness, are no excuse: more guilty is murder in duels which is a horrible effect of a haughty, revengeful spirit. All fighting, whether for wages, for renown, or out of anger and malice breaks this command, and the bloodshed therein is murder. To tempt me to vice and crimes which shorten life, may be included. Misconduct such as may break the heart, or shorten the lives of parents, wives, or other relatives, is a breach of this command. This command forbids all envy, malice, hatred, or anger, all provoking or insulting language The destruction of our own lives is here forbidden. This commandmen requires a spirit of kindness, longsuffering, and forgiveness. The seventh commandment concerns chastity. We should be as much afraid of that which defiles the body, as of that which destroys it. Whateve tends to pollute the imagination, or to raise the passions, falls unde this law, as impure pictures, books, conversation, or any other lik matters. The eighth commandment is the law of love as it respects the property of others. The portion of worldly things allotted us, as fa as it is obtained in an honest way, is the bread which God hath give us; for that we ought to be thankful, to be contented with it, and, in the use of lawful means, to trust Providence for the future. Imposin upon the ignorance, easiness, or necessity of others, and many othe things, break God's law, though scarcely blamed in society. Plunderer of kingdoms though above human justice, will be included in thi sentence. Defrauding the public, contracting debts without prospect of paying them, or evading payment of just debts, extravagance, all livin upon charity when not needful, all squeezing the poor in their wages these, and such things, break this command; which requires industry frugality, and content, and to do to others, about worldly property, a we would they should do to us. The ninth commandment concerns our ow and our neighbour's good name. This forbids speaking falsely on an matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising or designing to deceive our neighbour. Speaking unjustly against our neighbour, to hur his reputation. Bearing false witness against him, or in commo conversation slandering, backbiting, and tale-bearing; making what is done amiss, worse than it is, and in any way endeavouring to raise ou reputation upon the ruin of our neighbour's. How much this command in every day broken among persons of all ranks! The tenth commandmen strikes at the root; Thou shalt not covet. The others forbid all desir of doing what will be an injury to our neighbour; this forbids all wrong desire of having what will gratify ourselves.
Original Hebrew כבד 3513 את 853 אביך 1 †ואת 853 †אמך 517 למען 4616 יארכון 748 ימיך 3117 על 5921 האדמה 127 אשׁר 834 יהוה 3068 אלהיך 430 נתן׃ 5414