SEV Biblia, Chapter 20:5 No te inclinarás a ellas, ni las honrarás; porque yo soy el SEÑOR tu Dios, fuerte, celoso, que visito la maldad de los padres sobre los hijos, hasta la tercera y cuarta generación, de los que me aborrecen,
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Exodus 20:5 Verse 5. Jealous God] This shows in a most expressive manner the love of God to this people. He felt for them as the most affectionate husband could do for his spouse; and was jealous for their fidelity, because he willed their invariable happiness.
Visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children] This necessarily implies-IF the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty; see Ezekiel 18. Idolatry is however particularly intended, and visiting sins of this kind refers principally to national judgments. By withdrawing the Divine protection the idolatrous Israelites were delivered up into the hands of their enemies, from whom the gods in whom they had trusted could not deliver them. This God did to the third and fourth generations, i.e., successively; as may be seen in every part of the Jewish history, and particularly in the book of Judges. And this, at last, became the grand and the only effectual and lasting means in his hand of their final deliverance from idolatry; for it is well known that after the Babylonish captivity the Israelites were so completely saved from idolatry, as never more to have disgraced themselves by it as they had formerly done. These national judgments, thus continued from generation to generation, appear to be what are designed by the words in the text, Visiting the sins of the fathers upon the children, &c.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 3-11 - The first four of the ten commandments, commonly called the FIRS table, tell our duty to God. It was fit that those should be put first because man had a Maker to love, before he had a neighbour to love. I cannot be expected that he should be true to his brother, who is fals to his God. The first commandment concerns the object of worship JEHOVAH, and him only. The worship of creatures is here forbidden Whatever comes short of perfect love, gratitude, reverence, or worship breaks this commandment. Whatsoever ye do, do all the glory of God. The second commandment refers to the worship we are to render to the Lor our God. It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, i any form, or for any purpose; or to worship any creature, image, or picture. But the spiritual import of this command extends much further All kinds of superstition are here forbidden, and the using of mer human inventions in the worship of God. The third commandment concern the manner of worship, that it be with all possible reverence an seriousness. All false oaths are forbidden. All light appealing to God all profane cursing, is a horrid breach of this command. It matters no whether the word of God, or sacred things, all such-like things brea this commandment, and there is no profit, honour, or pleasure in them The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. The form of the fourth commandment, "Remember," shows that it was not no first given, but was known by the people before. One day in seven is to be kept holy. Six days are allotted to worldly business, but not so a to neglect the service of God, and the care of our souls. On those day we must do all our work, and leave none to be done on the sabbath day Christ allowed works of necessity, charity, and piety; for the sabbat was made for man, and not man for the sabbath, Mr 2:27; but all work of luxury, vanity, or self-indulgence in any form, are forbidden Trading, paying wages, settling accounts, writing letters of business worldly studies, trifling visits, journeys, or light conversation, ar not keeping this day holy to the Lord. Sloth and indolence may be carnal, but not a holy rest. The sabbath of the Lord should be a day of rest from worldly labour, and a rest in the service of God. The advantages from the due keeping of this holy day, were it only to the health and happiness of mankind, with the time it affords for takin care of the soul, show the excellency of this commandment. The day i blessed; men are blessed by it, and in it. The blessing and directio to keep holy are not limited to the seventh day, but are spoken of the sabbath day.
Original Hebrew לא 3808 תשׁתחוה 7812 להם ולא 3808 תעבדם 5647 כי 3588 אנכי 595 יהוה 3068 אלהיך 430 אל 410 קנא 7067 פקד 6485 עון 5771 אבת 1 על 5921 בנים 1121 על 5921 שׁלשׁים 8029 ועל 5921 רבעים 7256 לשׂנאי׃ 8130