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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Psalms 19:1


    CHAPTERS: Psalms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

    TEXT: BIB   |   AUDIO: MISLR - DAVIS   |   VIDEO: BIB


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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Psalms 18:1

    εις 1519 το 3588 τελος 5056 ψαλμος τω 3588 δαυιδ

    Douay Rheims Bible

    Unto the end. A psalm for David. The heavens shew forth the glory of God, and the firmament declareth the
    work of his hands.

    King James Bible - Psalms 19:1

    The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

    World English Bible

    The heavens declare the glory of God. The expanse shows his handiwork.

    Early Church Father Links

    Anf-04 vi.ix.vi.xvii Pg 2, Anf-08 iv.iii Pg 136, Npnf-101 vii.1.CCXVIII Pg 15, Npnf-102 iv.XIV.28 Pg 4, Npnf-105 xviii.v.v Pg 5, Npnf-105 xviii.v.xiii Pg 8, Npnf-107 iii.lii Pg 7, Npnf-107 iii.lxxii Pg 9, Npnf-108 ii.XVIII Pg 1, Npnf-108 ii.XVIII Pg 7, Npnf-108 ii.XXX Pg 4, Npnf-109 xix.viii Pg 60, Npnf-113 iii.iv.iv Pg 16, Npnf-204 xxi.ii.iv.iii Pg 31, Npnf-205 viii.i.iii.xxiv Pg 16, Npnf-205 viii.i.iii.xxiv Pg 16, Npnf-208 viii.iv Pg 92, Npnf-209 ii.iii.ii Pg 115, Npnf-210 iv.iv.iv.iii Pg 20

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Psalms 18:1

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxiv Pg 5
    Ps. viii. 3.

    unless I understand His method of using words,2380

    2380 Literally, “the operation of His words.” Editors have changed τῶν λόγων into τὸν λόγον or τοῦ λόγου: but there is no need of change.

    I shall not understand intelligently, but just as your teachers suppose, fancying that the Father of all, the unbegotten God, has hands and feet, and fingers, and a soul, like a composite being; and they for this reason teach that it was the Father Himself who appeared to Abraham and to Jacob. <index subject1="Christians" subject2="blamed for not submitting to be circumcised" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.4"/><index subject1="Jews" subject2="their circumcision differs from the Christian" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.5"/><index subject1="Circumcision" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.6"/>Blessed therefore are we who have been circumcised the second time with knives of stone. For your first circumcision was and is performed by iron instruments, for you remain hard-hearted; but our circumcision, which is the second, having been instituted after yours, circumcises us from idolatry and from absolutely every kind of wickedness by sharp stones, i.e., by the words [preached] by the apostles of the corner-stone cut out without hands. And our hearts are thus circumcised from evil, so that we are happy to die for the name of the good Rock, which causes living water to burst forth for the hearts of those who by Him have loved the Father of all, and which gives those who are willing to drink of the water of life. But you do not comprehend me when I speak these things; for you have not understood what it has been prophesied that Christ would do, and you do not believe us who draw your attention to what has been written. For Jeremiah thus cries: ‘Woe unto you! because you have forsaken the living fountain, and have digged for yourselves broken cisterns that can hold no water. Shall there be a wilderness where Mount Zion is, because I gave Jerusalem a bill of divorce in your sight?’2381

    2381


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xii Pg 11
    Matt. xxi. 16; Ps. viii. 3.

    —thus pointing out that what had been declared by David concerning the Son of God, was accomplished in His own person; and indicating that they were indeed ignorant of the meaning of the Scripture and the dispensation of God; but declaring that it was Himself who was announced by the prophets as Christ, whose name is praised in all the earth, and who perfects praise to His Father from the mouth of babes and sucklings; wherefore also His glory has been raised above the heavens.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.iv Pg 41.1


    ecf19Oz116z86; 119:125 143:12


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxiv Pg 5
    Ps. viii. 3.

    unless I understand His method of using words,2380

    2380 Literally, “the operation of His words.” Editors have changed τῶν λόγων into τὸν λόγον or τοῦ λόγου: but there is no need of change.

    I shall not understand intelligently, but just as your teachers suppose, fancying that the Father of all, the unbegotten God, has hands and feet, and fingers, and a soul, like a composite being; and they for this reason teach that it was the Father Himself who appeared to Abraham and to Jacob. <index subject1="Christians" subject2="blamed for not submitting to be circumcised" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.4"/><index subject1="Jews" subject2="their circumcision differs from the Christian" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.5"/><index subject1="Circumcision" title="256" id="viii.iv.cxiv-p6.6"/>Blessed therefore are we who have been circumcised the second time with knives of stone. For your first circumcision was and is performed by iron instruments, for you remain hard-hearted; but our circumcision, which is the second, having been instituted after yours, circumcises us from idolatry and from absolutely every kind of wickedness by sharp stones, i.e., by the words [preached] by the apostles of the corner-stone cut out without hands. And our hearts are thus circumcised from evil, so that we are happy to die for the name of the good Rock, which causes living water to burst forth for the hearts of those who by Him have loved the Father of all, and which gives those who are willing to drink of the water of life. But you do not comprehend me when I speak these things; for you have not understood what it has been prophesied that Christ would do, and you do not believe us who draw your attention to what has been written. For Jeremiah thus cries: ‘Woe unto you! because you have forsaken the living fountain, and have digged for yourselves broken cisterns that can hold no water. Shall there be a wilderness where Mount Zion is, because I gave Jerusalem a bill of divorce in your sight?’2381

    2381


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xii Pg 11
    Matt. xxi. 16; Ps. viii. 3.

    —thus pointing out that what had been declared by David concerning the Son of God, was accomplished in His own person; and indicating that they were indeed ignorant of the meaning of the Scripture and the dispensation of God; but declaring that it was Himself who was announced by the prophets as Christ, whose name is praised in all the earth, and who perfects praise to His Father from the mouth of babes and sucklings; wherefore also His glory has been raised above the heavens.


    Anf-02 vi.ii.iv Pg 41.1


    Anf-01 ix.ii.xv Pg 33
    Ps. xix. 1.

    Hence also it comes to pass, that when the soul is involved in difficulties and distresses, for its own relief it calls out, “Oh” (Ω), in honour of the letter in question,2852

    2852 The text is here altogether uncertain: we have given the probable meaning.

    so that its cognate soul above may recognise [its distress], and send down to it relief.


    Anf-01 ii.ii.xxvii Pg 7
    Ps. xix. 1–3.


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 8
    Ps. xix. 1–6.



    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxx Pg 3
    Ps. xix.

    And that we, who have been made wise by them, confess that the statutes of the Lord are sweeter than honey and the honey-comb, is manifest from the fact that, though threatened with death, we do not deny His name. Moreover, it is also manifest to all, that we who believe in Him pray to be kept by Him from strange, i.e., from wicked and deceitful, spirits; as the word of prophecy, personating one of those who believe in Him, figuratively declares. For we do continually beseech God by Jesus Christ to preserve us from the demons which are hostile to the worship of God, and whom we of old time served, in order that, after our conversion by Him to God, we may be blameless. For we call Him Helper and Redeemer, the power of whose name even the demons do fear; and at this day, when they are exorcised in the name of Jesus Christ, crucified under Pontius Pilate, governor of Judæa, they are overcome. And thus it is manifest to all, that His Father has given Him so great power, by virtue of which demons are subdued to His name, and to the dispensation of His suffering.
    rest. And I beheld that horn waging war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of days came; and He gave judgment for the saints of the Most High. And the time came, and the saints of the Most High possessed the kingdom. And it was told me concerning the fourth beast: There shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall prevail over all these kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall destroy and make it thoroughly waste. And the ten horns are ten kings that shall arise; and one shall arise after them;2027

    2027 Literally, “And the ten horns, ten kings shall arise after them.”

    and he shall surpass the first in evil deeds, and he shall subdue three kings, and he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall overthrow the rest of the saints of the Most High, and shall expect to change the seasons and the times. And it shall be delivered into his hands for a time, and times, and half a time. And the judgment sat, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom, and the power, and the great places of the kingdoms under the heavens, were given to the holy people of the Most High, to reign in an everlasting kingdom: and all powers shall be subject to Him, and shall obey Him. Hitherto is the end of the matter. I, Daniel, was possessed with a very great astonishment, and my speech was changed in me; yet I kept the matter in my heart.’ ”2028

    2028


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.xvi Pg 37.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxxiv Pg 90
    Ps. xix. 6.

    they announced that very truth of His being taken up again to the place from which He came down, and that there is no one who can escape His righteous judgment. And those who said, “The Lord hath reigned; let the people be enraged: [even] He who sitteth upon the cherubim; let the earth be moved,”4329

    4329


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lxiv Pg 8
    Ps. xix. 1–6.



    Anf-01 viii.iv.xxx Pg 3
    Ps. xix.

    And that we, who have been made wise by them, confess that the statutes of the Lord are sweeter than honey and the honey-comb, is manifest from the fact that, though threatened with death, we do not deny His name. Moreover, it is also manifest to all, that we who believe in Him pray to be kept by Him from strange, i.e., from wicked and deceitful, spirits; as the word of prophecy, personating one of those who believe in Him, figuratively declares. For we do continually beseech God by Jesus Christ to preserve us from the demons which are hostile to the worship of God, and whom we of old time served, in order that, after our conversion by Him to God, we may be blameless. For we call Him Helper and Redeemer, the power of whose name even the demons do fear; and at this day, when they are exorcised in the name of Jesus Christ, crucified under Pontius Pilate, governor of Judæa, they are overcome. And thus it is manifest to all, that His Father has given Him so great power, by virtue of which demons are subdued to His name, and to the dispensation of His suffering.
    rest. And I beheld that horn waging war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of days came; and He gave judgment for the saints of the Most High. And the time came, and the saints of the Most High possessed the kingdom. And it was told me concerning the fourth beast: There shall be a fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall prevail over all these kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall destroy and make it thoroughly waste. And the ten horns are ten kings that shall arise; and one shall arise after them;2027

    2027 Literally, “And the ten horns, ten kings shall arise after them.”

    and he shall surpass the first in evil deeds, and he shall subdue three kings, and he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall overthrow the rest of the saints of the Most High, and shall expect to change the seasons and the times. And it shall be delivered into his hands for a time, and times, and half a time. And the judgment sat, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom, and the power, and the great places of the kingdoms under the heavens, were given to the holy people of the Most High, to reign in an everlasting kingdom: and all powers shall be subject to Him, and shall obey Him. Hitherto is the end of the matter. I, Daniel, was possessed with a very great astonishment, and my speech was changed in me; yet I kept the matter in my heart.’ ”2028

    2028


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xi Pg 21
    Ps. xix. 5, 6.

    By the mouth of Isaiah He also says exultingly of the Father: “Let my soul rejoice in the Lord; for He hath clothed me with the garment of salvation and with the tunic of joy, as a bridegroom.  He hath put a mitre round about my head, as a bride.”3830

    3830


    Anf-03 iv.ix.xiv Pg 34
    Or, “unto eternity.” Comp. Bible:Ps.89.35-Ps.89.37">2 Sam. (2 Kings in LXX.) vii. 13; 1 Chron. xvii. 12; Ps. lxxxix. 3, 4, 29, 35, 36, 37 (in LXX. Bible:Ps.88.38">Ps. lxxxviii. 4, 5, 30, 36, 37, 38).

    is more suitable to Christ, God’s Son, than to Solomon,—a temporal king, to wit, who reigned over Israel alone. For at the present day nations are invoking Christ which used not to know Him; and peoples at the present day are fleeing in a body to the Christ of whom in days bygone they were ignorant1475

    1475


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.iii Pg 11
    Gen. i. 14.

    Previous, then, to this temporal course, (the goodness) which created time had not time; nor before that beginning which the same goodness originated, had it a beginning.  Being therefore without all order of a beginning, and all mode of time, it will be reckoned to possess an age, measureless in extent2734

    2734 Immensa.

    and endless in duration;2735

    2735 Interminabili.

    nor will it be possible to regard it as a sudden or adventitious or impulsive emotion, because it has nothing to occasion such an estimate of itself; in other words, no sort of temporal sequence.  It must therefore be accounted an eternal attribute, inbred in God,2736

    2736 Deo ingenita “Natural to,” or “inherent in.”

    and everlasting,2737

    2737 Perpetua. [Truly, a sublime Theodicy.]

    and on this account worthy of the Divine Being, putting to shame for ever2738

    2738 Suffundens jam hinc.

    the benevolence of Marcion’s god, subsequent as he is to (I will not say) all beginnings and times, but to the very malignity of the Creator, if indeed malignity could possibly have been found in goodness.


    Anf-03 v.iv.vi.vi Pg 12
    Gen. i. 14, inexactly quoted.

    it clearly follows that the ages belong to the Creator, and that nothing of what was fore-ordained before the ages can be said to be the property of any other being than Him who claims the ages also as His own. Else let Marcion show that the ages belong to his god. He must then also claim the world itself for him; for it is in it that the ages are reckoned, the vessel as it were5436

    5436 Quodammodo.

    of the times, as well as the signs thereof, or their order. But he has no such demonstration to show us. I go back therefore to the point, and ask him this question: Why did (his god) fore-ordain our glory before the ages of the Creator? I could understand his having predetermined it before the ages, if he had revealed it at the commencement of time.5437

    5437 Introductione sæculi.

    But when he does this almost at the very expiration of all the ages5438

    5438 Pæne jam totis sæculis prodactis.

    of the Creator, his predestination before the ages, and not rather within the ages, was in vain, because he did not mean to make any revelation of his purpose until the ages had almost run out their course. For it is wholly inconsistent in him to be so forward in planning purposes, who is so backward in revealing them.


    Anf-03 v.ix.xii Pg 10
    Gen. i. 14; 16.

    But all the rest of the created things did He in like manner make, who made the former ones—I mean the Word of God, “through whom all things were made, and without whom nothing was made.”7902

    7902


    Anf-03 v.ix.xii Pg 10
    Gen. i. 14; 16.

    But all the rest of the created things did He in like manner make, who made the former ones—I mean the Word of God, “through whom all things were made, and without whom nothing was made.”7902

    7902


    Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxi Pg 3
    So Justin concludes from Deut. iv. 19; comp. chap. lv. [The explanation is not very difficult (see Rom. i. 28), but the language of Justin is unguarded.]

    as it is written, but no one ever was seen to endure death on account of his faith in the sun; but for the name of Jesus you may see men of every nation who have endured and do endure all sufferings, rather than deny Him. For the word of His truth and wisdom is more ardent and more light-giving than the rays of the sun, and sinks down into the depths of heart and mind. Hence also the Scripture said, ‘His name shall rise up above the sun.’ And again, Zechariah says, ‘His name is the East.’2414

    2414


    Anf-01 viii.iv.lv Pg 2
    Deut. iv. 19, an apparent [i.e., evident] misinterpretation of the passage. [But see St. John x. 33–36.]

    God has given to the nations to worship as gods; and oftentimes the prophets, employing2120

    2120 Or, “misusing.”

    this manner of speech, say that ‘thy God is a God of gods, and a Lord of lords,’ adding frequently, ‘the great and strong and terrible [God].’ For such expressions are used, not as if they really were gods, but because the Scripture is teaching us that the true God, who made all things, is Lord alone of those who are reputed gods and lords. And in order that the Holy Spirit may convince [us] of this, He said by the holy David, ‘The gods of the nations, reputed gods, are idols of demons, and not gods;’2121

    2121


    Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 32
    Deut. iv. 19.

    And Moses himself, being a man of God, was indeed given as a god before Pharaoh;3356

    3356


    Anf-02 iv.ii.ii.xxxv Pg 4.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.xiv Pg 15.1


    Anf-01 ix.vi.xxviii Pg 6
    1 Kings viii. 27.

    And he pleased God, and was the admiration of all; and all kings of the earth sought an interview with him (quærebant faciem ejus) that they might hear the wisdom which God had conferred upon him.4179

    4179


    Anf-02 vi.iv.ix Pg 273.1


    Anf-01 ix.iii.xxxi Pg 3
    Isa. xl. 12; 22.

    of the earth, as it were, in His hand, in whose sight its inhabitants are counted as grasshoppers, and who is the Creator and Lord of all spiritual substance, is of an animal nature,—they do beyond doubt and verily betray their own madness; and, as if truly struck with thunder, even more than those giants who are spoken of in [heathen] fables, they lift up their opinions against God, inflated by a vain presumption and unstable glory,—men for whose purgation all the hellebore3247

    3247 Irenæus was evidently familiar with Horace; comp. Ars. Poet., 300.

    on earth would not suffice, so that they should get rid of their intense folly.


    Anf-02 iv.ii.ii.xiii Pg 5.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.vi.iii Pg 15.1


    Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 20
    Jer. x. 11.

    For, from the fact of his having subjoined their destruction, he shows them to be no gods at all. Elias, too, when all Israel was assembled at Mount Carmel, wishing to turn them from idolatry, says to them, “How long halt ye between two opinions?3346

    3346 Literally, “In both houghs,” in ambabus suffraginibus.

    If the Lord be God,3347

    3347 The old Latin translation has, “Si unus est Dominus Deus”—If the Lord God is one; which is supposed by the critics to have occurred through carelessness of the translator.

    follow Him.”3348

    3348


    Anf-02 vi.ii.viii Pg 25.1


    Anf-02 vi.iv.v.xiv Pg 153.1


    Anf-02 iv.ii.ii.xxxv Pg 8.1


    Edersheim Bible History

    Lifetimes ix.vii Pg 30.2, Lifetimes ix.vii Pg 41.1, Lifetimes x.i Pg 32.1, Lifetimes x.i Pg 35.3, Lifetimes x.i Pg 37.1, Lifetimes x.i Pg 49.1, Lifetimes x.i Pg 51.1, Lifetimes x.ix Pg 66.2, Lifetimes xi.ix Pg 116.1


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 18

    VERSE 	(1) - 

    Ps 8:3; 33:6; 115:16; 148:3,4 Isa 40:22-26 Jer 10:11,12 Ro 1:19,20


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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