Verse 47. "Went out too little for them" - This is certainly the meaning of the passage; but our translators have been obliged to add the words too little to make this sense apparent. Houbigant contends that an ancient copyist, meeting frequently with the words lwbgh axyw vaiyetse haggebul, in the preceding history, became so familiarized to them that he wrote them here instead of lwbgh ┼ayw vaiyaats haggebul, and the border of the children of Dan was STRAIT for them. It was on this account that they were obliged to go and fight against Leshem, and take and possess it, their former inheritance being too strait for their increasing population.
"And called Leshem, Dan" - This city was situated near the origin of Jordan, at the utmost northern extremity of the promised land, as Beer-sheba was at that of the south; and as after its capture by the Danites it was called Dan, hence arose the expression from Dan even to Beer-sheba, which always signified the whole extent of the promised land. Some suppose that Leshem was the same with Caesarea Philippi, but others with reason reject this opinion. It must be granted that the whole account given in this verse refers indisputably to a fact which did not take place till after the death of Joshua. It is another of the marginal or explicative notes which were added by some later hand. The whole account of this expedition of the Danites against Leshem is circumstantially given in the book of Judges, and to that chapter the reader is referred.
Verse 50. "Timnath-serah" - Called Timnath-heres in Judg. ii. 9, where we find that the mountain on which it was built was called Gaash. It is generally allowed to have been a barren spot in a barren country.
Verse 51. "At the door of the tabernacle" - All the inheritances were determined by lot, and this was cast before the Lord- every thing was done in his immediate presence, as under his eye; hence there was no murmuring, each having received his inheritance as from the hand of God himself, though some of them thought they must have additional territory, because of the great increase of their families.