Verse 11. "Mercy in the sight of this man." - Favour before the king, Ahasuerus. He seems then to have been giving him the cup.
"For I was the king's cup-bearer." - The king's butler, (the Persians call him saky,) which gave him the opportunity of being frequently with the king; and to be in such a place of trust, he must be in the king's confidence. No Eastern potentate would have a cup-bearer with whom he could not trust his life, poison being frequently administered in this way. This verse seems to have been a mental prayer, which Nehemiah now put up as he was delivering the cup into the king's hand.