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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Corinthians 10:2


    CHAPTERS: 1 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33

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    King James Bible - 1 Corinthians 10:2

    And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

    World English Bible

    and were all baptized into
    Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Corinthians 10:2

    And all in
    Moses were baptized, in the cloud, and in the sea:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And were all baptized to
    Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ παντες 3956 A-NPM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM μωσην 3475 N-ASM εβαπτισαντο 907 5668 V-AMI-3P εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF νεφελη 3507 N-DSF και 2532 CONJ εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF θαλασση 2281 N-DSF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (2) -
    1Co 1:13-16 Ex 14:31 Joh 9:28,29 Heb 3:2,3

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 10:2

    y todos en Moiss fueron bautizados en la nube y en el mar;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Corinthians 10:2

    Verse 2. And were all
    baptized unto Moses] Rather INTO Moses- into the covenant of which Moses was the mediator; and by this typical baptism they were brought under the obligation of acting according to the Mosaic precepts, as Christians receiving Christian baptism are said to be baptized INTO Christ, and are thereby brought under obligation to keep the precepts of the Gospel.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 2. And were all
    baptized unto Moses , etc.] In or by Moses; and so the Syriac version renders it, awm dyb , by the hand of Moses; by his means and direction, he going before, they followed after him into the sea, and passed through on dry land, and came out on the shore, which carried in it a resemblance of baptism; when they believed the Lord, and his servant Moses, ( Exodus 14:31) and gave up themselves to him as their leader and commander through the wilderness: and this their baptism was in the cloud, and in the sea ; which may be considered either as together or separately; if together, the agreement between them and baptism lay in this; the Israelites, when they passed through the Red sea, hid the waters on each side of them, which stood up as a wall higher than they, and the cloud over them, so that they were as persons immersed in and covered with water; and very fitly represented the ordinance of baptism as performed by immersion; and which is the way it was administered in the apostles time, to which he refers; and is the only way it ought to be administered in; and in which only the Israelites passage through the sea, and under the cloud, could be a figure of it: or this may be considered separately, they were baptized in the cloud; which was either, as Gataker thinks, when the cloud went from before the face of the Israelites, and stood behind them, and was between the two camps, to keep off the Egyptians from them, which as it passed over them let down a plentiful rain upon them, whereby they were in such a condition as if they had been all over dipped in water; or their being all under the cloud, and all over covered with it, was a representation of the ordinance of baptism, in which a person is all over covered with water; and then they were baptized in the sea, as they passed through it, the waters standing up above their heads, they seemed as if they were immersed in it. Very great is the resemblance between that passage of theirs, and baptism. For instance, their following Moses into the sea, which is meant by their being baptized into him, was an acknowledgment of their regard unto him, as their guide and governor, as baptism is a following of Christ, who has left us an example that we should tread in his steps; and is an owning him to be our prophet to teach us, and lead us the way; and it is a profession of our faith in him, as our surety and Saviour, and a subjection to him as our King and Governor. This their baptism in the sea was after their coming out of Egypt, and at their first entrance on their journey to Canaans land, as our baptism is, or should be, after a person is brought out of worse than Egyptian bondage and darkness, and has believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, and at the beginning of his profession of him, and entrance on his Christian race. The descent of the Israelites into the sea, when they seemed as buried in the waters, and their ascent out of it again on the shore, has a very great agreement with baptism, as administered by immersion, in which the person baptized goes down into the water, is buried with Christ therein, and comes up out of it as out of a grave, or as the children of Israel out of the Red sea; and as they, when they came out of it, could rejoice and sing in the view of their salvation and safety, and of the destruction of all their enemies, so the believer can, and does rejoice in this ordinance, in the view of his salvation by Christ, and safety in him, and of all his sins being buried and drowned in the sea of his blood; witness the instances of the eunuch and jailer. But though the Israelites were all in this sense baptized, yet they did not all inherit the land of Canaan. Ver. 3. And did all eat the same spiritual meat .] Meaning the manna; and which the Jews also call ynjwr lkam , spiritual food, as also their sacrifices, ynjwr jl , spiritual bread: not that the manna was so in own nature; it was corporeal food, and served for the nourishment of the body; but either because it was prepared by angels, who are ministering spirits, at the command of God, and hence called angels food, ( Psalm 78:25) or rather because it had a mystical and spiritual meaning in it; it was not the true bread, but was typical of Christ, who is so: it resembled Christ in its original; it was prepared of God, as Christ is, as his salvation prepared before the face of all his people; it was the free gift of God, as Christ is to the mystical Israel; it came down from heaven, as Christ, the true bread of life did: it answered to him in its nature; it was in form round, expressive of his being from everlasting to everlasting, and of the perfection both of his divine and human natures; it was in colour white, signifying his purity of nature, and holiness of life and conversation; it was in quantity small, setting forth his outward meanness and despicableness in the eyes of men; and in quality it was sweet in taste, as Christ, and all the blessings and fruits of his grace are to believers. The usefulness of the manna was very great, a vast number, even all the Israelites, were supplied with it, and supported by it for forty years together, as all the elect of God, and the whole family of Christ are by the fulness of grace which is in him; and as in order that it might be proper and suitable food, it was ground in mills, or beaten in a mortar, and baked in pans; so Christ was bruised, and wounded, and endured great sufferings, and death itself, that he might be agreeable food for our faith: and as the Israelites had all an equal quantity of this food, none had more or less than others, so all the saints have an equal share and interest in Christ, in his blood, righteousness, and sacrifice; as they have the same like precious faith, they have the same object of it.

    To say no more, as the manna was the food of the wilderness, or of the people of Israel, whilst travelling in it, so Christ, and the fulness of grace that is in him, are the food and supply of the spiritual Israel, and church of God, whilst they are passing through this world to the heavenly glory.

    Now, though all the Israelites did not eat of Christ, the true bread, which was typified by the manna; yet they all ate the same food, which had a spiritual meaning in it, and a respect to Christ, but did not all enter into the land flowing with milk and honey.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-5 - To dissuade the Corinthians from communion with idolaters, and securit in any sinful course, the apostle sets before them the example of the Jewish nation of old. They were, by a miracle, led through the Red Sea where the pursuing Egyptians were drowned. It was to them a typica baptism. The manna on which they fed was a type of Christ crucified the Bread which came down from heaven, which whoso eateth shall liv for ever. Christ is the Rock on which the Christian church is built and of the streams that issue therefrom, all believers drink, and ar refreshed. It typified the sacred influences of the Holy Spirit, a given to believers through Christ. But let none presume upon their great privileges, or profession of the truth; these will not secur heavenly happiness.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    και
    2532 CONJ παντες 3956 A-NPM εις 1519 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM μωσην 3475 N-ASM εβαπτισαντο 907 5668 V-AMI-3P εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF νεφελη 3507 N-DSF και 2532 CONJ εν 1722 PREP τη 3588 T-DSF θαλασση 2281 N-DSF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    2.
    Baptized unto Moses (eiv). Rev., margin, into. See on Matt. xxviii. 19; Rom. vi. 3. They were introduced into a spiritual union with Moses, and constituted his disciples.

    Cloud - sea. The two together forming the type of the water of baptism. Bengel says: "The cloud and the sea are in their nature water." The cloud was diffused and suspended water.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    10:2 {Were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea} (pantes eis ton mwusen ebaptisanto en tei nefelei kai en tei qalassei). The picture is plain enough. The mystic cloud covered the people while the sea rose in walls on each side of them as they marched across. B K L P read ebaptisanto (causative first aorist middle, got themselves baptized) while Aleph A C D have ebaptisqesan (first aorist passive, were baptized). The immersion was complete for all of them in the sea around them and the cloud over them. Moses was their leader qen as Christ is now and so Paul uses eis concerning the relation of the Israelites to Moses as he does of our baptism in relation to Christ (#Ga 3:27).


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33

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