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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Corinthians 3:12


    CHAPTERS: 1 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

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    King James Bible - 1 Corinthians 3:12

    Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;

    World English Bible

    But if anyone builds on the foundation with gold,
    silver, costly stones, wood, hay, or stubble;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Corinthians 3:12

    Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold,
    silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now if any man buildeth upon this foundation, gold,
    silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    ει
    1487 COND δε 1161 CONJ τις 5100 X-NSM εποικοδομει 2026 5719 V-PAI-3S επι 1909 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM θεμελιον 2310 N-ASM τουτον 5126 D-ASM χρυσον 5557 N-ASM αργυρον 696 N-ASM λιθους 3037 N-APM τιμιους 5093 A-APM ξυλα 3586 N-APN χορτον 5528 N-ASM καλαμην 2562 N-ASF

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (12) -
    Ps 19:10; 119:72 Pr 8:10; 16:16 Isa 60:17 1Ti 4:6 2Ti 2:20

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:12

    Y si alguno edificare sobre este fundamento oro, plata, piedras preciosas, madera, heno, hojarasca;

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Corinthians 3:12

    Verse 12. If any
    men build-gold, silver, &c.] Without entering into curious criticisms relative to these different expressions, it may be quite enough for the purpose of edification to say, that, by gold, silver, and precious stones, the apostle certainly means pure and wholesome doctrines: by wood, hay, and stubble, false doctrines; such as at that time prevailed in the Corinthian Church; for instance, that there should be no resurrection of the body; that a man may, on his father's death, lawfully marry his step-mother; that it was necessary to incorporate much of the Mosaic law with the Gospel; and, perhaps, other matters, equally exceptionable, relative to marriage, concubinage, fornication, frequenting heathen festivals, and partaking of the flesh which had been offered in sacrifice to an idol; with many other things, which, with the above, are more or less hinted at by the apostle in these two letters.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 12. Now if any man build upon this
    foundation , etc.] The different materials laid by one and the same man, on this foundation, or the different doctrines advanced upon it, are some of them comparable to gold, silver, precious stones ; for their intrinsic worth and value; for the purity and sincerity of them; for their weight, importance, solidity, and substantiality; for their durableness; for the great esteem they are had in by those, who know the worth of them; and for the great usefulness they are of unto them, being rich in themselves, and enriching to them; and these are the great, momentous, and valuable truths of the Gospel, which agree with and are suitable to the foundation they are built upon: so the Jews f36 compare their oral and written law, the former to gold, and the latter to precious stones, but the metaphors much better suit the doctrines of the Gospel: others are like to wood, hay, stubble ; by which are meant, not heretical doctrines, damnable heresies, such as are diametrically opposite to, and overturn the foundation; for one and the same man builds the former, as these, and is himself saved at last; neither of which is true, of such that deliver doctrines of devils: but empty, trifling, useless things are meant; such as fables, endless genealogies, human traditions, Jewish rites and ceremonies; which through the prejudice of education, and through ignorance and inadvertency, without any bad design, might by some be introduced into their ministry, who had been brought up in the Jewish religion; as also the wisdom of the world, the philosophy of the Gentiles, oppositions of science falsely so called, curious speculations, vain and idle notions, which such who had their education among the Greeks might still retain, and be fond of; and through an itch of vain glory, mix with their evangelic ministrations; and in a word, everything that may now be advanced in the Gospel ministry, not so honourable to the grace of God, or so becoming the person, blood, and righteousness of Christ, nor so consistent with the Spirits work of grace, may be meant hereby; the same minister at different times, and sometimes at one and the same time in his ministry, lays the foundation, Christ, and builds on it for a while excellent valuable truths, raises a superstructure of gold, silver, and precious stones, and then covers the edifice with trifling, impertinent, and inconsistent things, with wood, hay, and stubble; and so at last, of this promising fine stately building, makes a thatched house, Ver. 13. Every mans work shall be made manifest , etc.] The doctrine he preaches shall be sooner or later made manifest to himself, and to his hearers; who shall see the inconsistency, irregularity, and deformity of such a building; at first so well laid, then piled up with such excellent materials, and at last covered in with such trifling or incoherent stuff: for the day shall declare it ; meaning not the day of judgment, though that is often called the day, or that day, and will be attended with fire, and in it all secrets shall be made manifest; but the apostle intends a discovery that will be made of doctrines in this world, before that time comes: wherefore this day rather designs a day of tribulation; as of persecution, which tries mens principles, whether they are solid or not; and of error and heresy, when men are put upon a re-examination of their doctrines, whereby persons and truths that are approved are made manifest; or of some great calamity, such as the destruction of Jerusalem, whereby many wrong notions the Jews yet retained were discovered: but it is best of all to understand this day of the Gospel day, and of the progress of Gospel light, especially in some particular periods of it; as in the primitive times, at the reformation from popery, and the more remarkable Gospel daylight, which will be in the latter times, when the impertinence and inconsistency of many things which now obtain in the ministry will be seen; (see Ephesians 5:13). Because it shall be revealed by fire : not that day, but the mans work, or doctrine: and the fire shall try every mans work of what sort it is ; by the fire is meant, not the general conflagration of the world, when that, and all that is therein, will be burnt up; much less the fire of purgatory, the papists dream of, for the punishment of evil actions; for the apostle is not speaking of the actions of men, good or bad, but of the doctrines of ministers; rather the fire of tribulation and affliction, which, as it is for the trial of the grace of faith, so of the doctrine of faith, whereby it becomes much more precious than of gold that perisheth; or of some fiery dispensation of Gods vengeance, as on Jerusalem: though the word of God, which is as fire, seems to be intended; which in some certain times so blazes forth, and will more especially in the latter day, that by the light of it, both ministers and churches will be able to see clearly the bright shining lustre of the gold, silver, and precious stones; and with so much heat, as to burn up the wood, hay, and stubble; when the difference between these things will be most easily discerned.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 10-15 - The
    apostle was a wise master-builder; but the grace of God made his such. Spiritual pride is abominable; it is using the greatest favour of God, to feed our own vanity, and make idols of ourselves. But le every man take heed; there may be bad building on a good foundation Nothing must be laid upon it, but what the foundation will bear, an what is of a piece with it. Let us not dare to join a merely human or carnal life with a Divine faith, the corruption of sin with the profession of Christianity. Christ is a firm, abiding, and immovabl Rock of ages, every way able to bear all the weight that God himself of the sinner can lay upon him; neither is there salvation in any other Leave out the doctrine of his atonement, and there is no foundation for our hopes. But of those who rest on this foundation, there are tw sorts. Some hold nothing but the truth as it is in Jesus, and preac nothing else. Others build on the good foundation what will not abid the test, when the day of trail comes. We may be mistaken in ourselve and others; but there is a day coming that will show our actions in the true light, without covering or disguise. Those who spread true an pure religion in all its branches, and whose work will abide in the great day, shall receive a reward. And how great! how much exceedin their deserts! There are others, whose corrupt opinions and doctrines or vain inventions and usages in the worship of God, shall be mad known, disowned, and rejected, in that day. This is plainly meant of figurative fire, not of a real one; for what real fire can consum religious rites or doctrines? And it is to try every man's works, thos of Paul and Apollos, as well as others. Let us consider the tendency of our undertakings, compare them with God's word, and judge ourselves that we be not judged of the Lord.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    ει
    1487 COND δε 1161 CONJ τις 5100 X-NSM εποικοδομει 2026 5719 V-PAI-3S επι 1909 PREP τον 3588 T-ASM θεμελιον 2310 N-ASM τουτον 5126 D-ASM χρυσον 5557 N-ASM αργυρον 696 N-ASM λιθους 3037 N-APM τιμιους 5093 A-APM ξυλα 3586 N-APN χορτον 5528 N-ASM καλαμην 2562 N-ASF

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    12. If any man build, etc. It is important to have a
    clear conception of Paul's figure, which must be taken in a large and free sense, and not pressed into detail. He speaks of the body of truth and doctrine which different teachers may erect on the one true foundation - Jesus Christ. This body is the building. The reference is to a single building, as is shown by ver. 16; not to a city with different buildings of different materials. The figure of Christ as the foundation of a city does not occur in the New Testament. To this structure different teachers (builders) bring contributions of more or less value, represented by gold, wood, hay, etc. These are not intended to represent specific forms of truth or of error, but none of them are to be regarded as anti-Christian, which would be inconsistent with building on the true foundation. It is plainly implied that teachers may build upon the true foundation with perishable or worthless materials. This appears in the history of the Church in the false interpretations of scripture, and the crude or fanatical preaching of sincere but ignorant men. The whole structure will be brought to a final and decisive test at the day of judgment, when the true value of each teacher's work shall be manifested, and that which is worthless shall be destroyed. The distinction is clearly made between the teacher and the matter of his teaching. The sincere but mistaken teacher's work will be shown to be worthless in itself, but the teacher himself will be saved and will receive the reward of personal character, and not of good building. Luther alluded to this verse in his unfortunate description of the Epistle of James as "an epistle of straw."

    Stubble (kalamhn). Not the same as kalamov a reed. See Revelation xi. 1; xxi. 15; and on 3 John 13. This word means a stalk of grain after the ears have been cut off. It was used for thatch in building. Virgil, "Aeneid," 654, alludes to the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus with its roof bristling with stubble.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    3:12 {Gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble} (crusion, argurion, liqous timious, xula, corton, kalamen). The durable materials are three (gold, silver, marble or precious stones), perishable materials (pieces of wood, hay, stubble), "of a palace on the one hand, of a mud hut on the other" (Lightfoot). Gold was freely used by the ancients in their palaces. Their marble and granite pillars are still the wonder and despair of modern men. The wooden huts had hay (cortos, grass, as in #Mr 6:39) and stubble (kalame, old word for stubble after the grain is cut, here alone in the N.T., though in LXX as #Ex 5:12) which were employed to hold the wood pieces together and to thatch the roof. It is not made clear whether Paul's metaphor refers to the persons as in God's building in verse #9 or to the character of the teaching as in verse #13. Probably both ideas are involved, for look at the penalty on shoddy work (verse #15) and shoddy men (verse #17). The teaching may not always be vicious and harmful. It may only be indifferent and worthless. A co-worker with God in this great temple should put in his very best effort.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

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