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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Peter 4:6

    CHAPTERS: 1 Peter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19




    King James Bible - 1 Peter 4:6

    For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.

    World English Bible

    For to this end the Good News was preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed as
    men in the flesh, but live as to God in the spirit.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Peter 4:6

    For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to
    men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to
    men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1519 τουτο 5124 γαρ 1063 και 2532 νεκροις 3498 ευηγγελισθη 2097 5681 ινα 2443 κριθωσιν 2919 5686 μεν 3303 κατα 2596 ανθρωπους 444 σαρκι 4561 ζωσιν 2198 5725 δε 1161 κατα 2596 θεον 2316 πνευματι 4151

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (6) -
    1Pe 3:19 Joh 5:25,26

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:6

    Porque por esto tambin ha sido predicado el Evangelio a los muertos; para que sean juzgados en carne segn los hombres, y vivan en espíritu segn Dios.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 4:6

    Verse 6. Was the
    Gospel preached also to them that are dead] This is a most difficult verse; the best translations I have seen of it are the following:- "For this indeed was the effect of the preaching of the Gospel to the dead, (the unconverted Gentiles,) that some will be punished as carnal men; but others, (those converted to Christianity,) lead a spiritual life unto God." - WAKEFIELD.

    "For this purpose hath the Gospel been preached even to the dead, (i.e.

    the Gentiles,) that although they might be condemned, indeed, by men in the flesh, (their persecutors,) yet they might live eternally by God in the Spirit." - MACKNIGHT.

    "For this cause was the Gospel preached to them that were dead; that they who live according to men in the flesh, may be condemned; but that they who live according to God in the Spirit, may live." - KNATCHBULL.

    There are as many different translations of this verse, and comments upon it, as there are translators and commentators. That of Sir Norton Knatchbull, could the Greek text bear it, appears the most simple; but that of Dr. Macknight, which is nearly the sense given by Mr. Wesley in his Paraphrase, is more likely to be the true one among those already proposed.

    But if the apostle had the same fact in view which he mentions, 1 Pet. iii. 19, 20, then the antedilevians are the persons intended: For this cause - that Christ is prepared to judge the quick and the dead, and to dispense righteous judgment in consequence of having afforded them every necessary advantage, was the Gospel preached by Noah to them also who are dead - the antediluvian world, then dead in trespasses and sins, and condemned to death by the righteous judgment of God; but in his great compassion he afforded them a respite, that though they were condemned as men in the flesh, (for this was their character; my Spirit will not always strive with man, forasmuch as he is FLESH, Gen. vi. 3,) yet, hearing this Gospel by Noah, they may believe, and live according to God in the Spirit - live a blessed life in eternity according to the mercy of God, who sent his Spirit to strive with them. This appears to me to be the most consistent sense; especially as the apostle seems to refer to what he had said of the Spirit of Christ in Noah preaching to the spirits in prison-the rebellions that lived before the flood. See the notes on 1 Peter iii. 19, 20.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 6. For, for this cause was the Gospel preached also , etc.] Not for what goes before, because Christ was ready to judge quick and dead; and because wicked men must give an account to him, and therefore the Gospel is preached to them also, that they may be left without excuse; but for what follows, and which does not so much design the reason of the preaching of it, as the event consequential upon it. By the Gospel is meant the good news of the incarnation, sufferings, and death of Christ, and salvation by him: and includes all the doctrines of grace, as of pardon, righteousness, and eternal life; and by its being preached is meant the publishing of it openly, freely, and boldly, with faithfulness and consistence: the persons to whom it was preached are to them that are dead ; not in a figurative sense, dead in trespasses and sins; though this is the case of all mankind, and of God's elect, in a state of nature, whether Jews or Gentiles; and the Gospel is preached to such, as it is ordered to be preached to all nations, to every creature, and is the means of quickening dead sinners; and this follows upon it, that such as receive it are judged and condemned by men, and live spiritually here, according to the will of God, and an eternal life hereafter; but the word dead is used in the same sense as in the preceding verse, where it manifestly signifies such who had been alive, but were now dead in a natural sense, whom Christ would judge as well as those that will be found alive when he comes; wherefore the Gospel has been preached also to them that are already dead, as well as to those who are now alive. And by these are meant, not the dead, whose souls are in hell, for to them, there, the Gospel never was, nor never will be preached, nor they saved, as Origen, and his followers, have vainly thought: nor the deceased patriarchs, before the coming of Christ, whose souls, by the Papists, are said to be in Limbus, whither Christ, they say, went upon his death, and preached to them, and delivered them; but these never were in any such place, but in peace and rest; nor did Christ, in his human soul, descend thither, but went to paradise: nor the dead in general, before the apostle's writing of this epistle; for though the Gospel had been preached from the beginning, from the fall of Adam, to certain persons, and at certain periods of time, yet not to all the individuals of mankind who were then dead, especially in the Gentile world; nor the Old Testament saints in general, who were now dead, though they had the Gospel preached to them in types and figures, in promises and prophesies; nor the men in the times of Noah, to whom the Gospel was preached by him, and who, some of them, as supposed, though they were judged and punished in their bodies in the view of men, being drowned in the waters of the flood, yet repenting and believing, upon Noah's preaching to them, they live in their spirits in eternal life, according to the free mercy and grace of God; but though the Gospel was preached to them, yet they remained disobedient to it, even all of them, but Noah's family, for anything that appears; and are styled the world of the ungodly, and are now spirits in the prison of hell, and therefore cannot be said to live according to God in the Spirit: but such are intended, to whom the Gospel had been preached, and to whom it had been effectual unto salvation; who had received it in the love of it, had sincerely professed it, and had suffered for it even death itself; such are designed who had suffered in the flesh, or were dead in their bodies, ( 1 Peter 4:1) who either were dead in the Lord, or especially had suffered death for his sake, as Stephen and others: and this, with what follows, is mentioned with a general view to encourage the saints to patient suffering for Christ; to fortify them against the ill opinion and judgment the world have formed of them; and to assure them, that Christ will judge his people, both quick and dead, and avenge their cause, since the Gospel has been preached to one as well as to another, and attended with the same power: the effect and consequence of which is, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh ; meaning, either that such persons that receive and profess the Gospel, and suffer for it, are judged according to the judgment of men that are in the flesh, in an unregenerate estate, that is, carnal men, to be a strange and unaccountable sort of people, as in ( 1 Peter 4:4) to receive such a strange set of notions, so strenuously to contend for them, and so constantly to abide by them, and to debar themselves of so many pleasures of life, and expose themselves to so much reproach and shame, to such dangers, and even to death itself: while they are judged to be by these men enthusiasts, madmen and fools; and at other times to be knaves and villains, hypocrites and deceivers; and this is the common effect of the Gospel being preached and coming with power to any; (see 1 Corinthians 4:3) or the sense is, that such persons, according to men, or in their apprehensions, are judged of God, or have the judgments of God inflicted on them in their flesh, in their bodies, for some sins of theirs; and therefore they suffer what they do in the flesh, vengeance pursuing them; being ignorant that when they are judged, as they reckon it, they are only chastened by the Lord in a fatherly way, that they might not be eternally condemned with the world, ( Corinthians 11:32) or else to complete the sense, for all may be taken into it, these persons, who were formerly alive, but now dead, and had embraced and professed the Gospel preached to them, were judged and condemned, and put to death in the flesh, according to the will of wicked men, and which was all that they were capable of; but though this was their case, though they were thus judged, censured, and condemned, yet live according to God in the Spirit ; while they were here on earth, the Gospel preached to them had such an effect upon them, as to cause them to live spiritually, to live by faith on Christ, to live a life of holiness from him, and communion with him, and to live according to the will of God, in righteousness and true holiness; and now, though dead in their bodies, they live in their spirits or souls an eternal life of comfort, peace, pleasure, and happiness with God, according to his eternal purpose, unchangeable covenant, promise, grace, and love.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-6 - The strongest and
    best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. He died to destroy sin; and though he cheerfull submitted to the worst sufferings, yet he never gave way to the leas sin. Temptations could not prevail, were it not for man's ow corruption; but true Christians make the will of God, not their ow lust or desires, the rule of their lives and actions. And tru conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. It alter the mind, judgment, affections, and conversation. When a man is trul converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. One sin draws on another. Six sins are her mentioned which have dependence one upon another. It is a Christian' duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things tha lead to sin, or appear evil. The gospel had been preached to thos since dead, who by the proud and carnal judgment of wicked men wer condemned as evil-doers, some even suffering death. But being quickene to Divine life by the Holy Spirit, they lived to God as his devote servants. Let not believers care, though the world scorns an reproaches them.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    3956 A-GPN δε 1161 CONJ το 3588 T-NSN τελος 5056 N-NSN ηγγικεν 1448 5758 V-RAI-3S σωφρονησατε 4993 5657 V-AAM-2P ουν 3767 CONJ και 2532 CONJ νηψατε 3525 5657 V-AAM-2P εις 1519 PREP τας 3588 T-APF προσευχας 4335 N-APF

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19


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